Naturescaping Plants for Wildlife

by Rod Smith

Former Iowa Certified Nurseryman and
Oregon Certified Nursery Professional

© 2017-2022 Rodney A. Smith
All rights reserved.

CAUTION. If you click on a link and a blank screen opens, then connects to a strange website, close the new window immediately. The link will work correctly on the second try.

You can find plants by common name by clicking on Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Perennials

Click on underlined plant names to see a picture.


The plants marked "Native" in list are all native to western Oregon. Many are also native to other areas.

Find native plants that attract birds by Zipcode from Audubon Society.

Find native plants that attract butterflies by Zipcode from National Wildlife Federation.

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure   WL=Wildlife  PPL=Portland Plant List  FR=Fire Resistant

Native Annuals
Clarkia amoena                8-10 2' X 1'    Native. Pink to red flowers in
  Farewell to Spring          L-M  Sun-Part     June-July.                WL bees
Cleome serrulata                   4' X 2'    Native. Pink flowers in July to
  Rocky Mountain Beeplant     Med. Sun-Part     August. WL hummers bees butterfly
Eschscholzia californica           2' X 2'    Native. Yellow to orange flowers
  California Poppy            L-M  Sun          May to Sept.              WL bees
Gilia capitata                     3' X 2'    Native. Blue to white flowers in 
  Globe Gilia                 L-M  Sun          May.          WL bees butterflies
Limnanthes douglasii               18" X 18"  Native. Yellow/white flowers in 
  Douglas Meadowfoam          Med. Sun          spring.                   WL bees
Madia elegans                      2' X 1'    Native. Yellow flowers July to Sept.
  Showy Tarweed               Low  Sun          Drought tolerant. WL bees butrfly
Nemophila menziesii                6" X 1'    Native. Blue flowers with white cen-
  Baby Blue Eyes              Med. Sun-Part     ters in spring.WL bees butterflies

Perennials
Achillea millefolium           3-8 30" X 2'   NativGe. White, flat flowers in sum-
  Common Yarrow               Low  Sun-Part     mer, good cut.WL bees butrfly PPL FR
Agastache foeniculum           6-9 2' X 1'    Masses of red, pink or lavender 
  Anise Hyssop                Med. Sun-Part     flowers. WL bees hummer butterfly
Allium cernuum                   4 15" X 12"  Native. Pink flowers in summer.
  Nodding Onion               L-M  Sun                    WL bees butterflies PPL
Anaphalis margaritacea           3 2' X 1'    Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery
  Pearly Everlasting          L-M  Sun          white flowers.  WL butterfly  PPL
Aquilegia formosa              3-9 2' X 1'    Native. Red flowers in May to Aug.
  Western Columbine           Low  Sun-Part       WL beneficials hummingbirds PPL FR
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi        2-6 8" X 4'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers.
  Kinnikinnick                L-M  Sun          Berries. WL bird bees butrfly PPL FR
Armeria maritima               4-8 10" X 1'   Native evergreen. Pink or white
  Sea Thrift                  Med. Sun-Part     flowers. WL hummingbird butter FR
Aruncus dioicus                  4 3' X 3'    Native. Creamy white flowers in PNP
  Goatsbeard                  Med. Shade-Part   June-July. WL birds bees buterfly
Asarum caudatum                4-8 4" X 2'    Native. Heart shaped leaves. Maroon
  Wild Ginger                 Med. Shade-Part   flowers. WL birds beneficials PPL
Asclepias cordfolia              4 4' X 3'    Native. Lilac flowers July to Sept.
  Showy Milkweed              Med. Sun          WL hummingbird, Monarch butterfly
Aster subspicatus                5 2' X 2'    Native. Drought tolerant. Purple
  Douglas Aster               Med. Sun          flowers. WL hummers bees buterfly
Athyrium filix-femina          4-9 3' X 2'    Fine double cut leaves arch up and
  Lady Fern                   M-H  Sun-Shade    out.         WL birds hummers PPL
Balsamorhiza sagittata           4 15" X 15"  Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow
  Arrowleaf Balsamroot        Low  Sun          spring flowers. WL insect butrfly
Blechnum spicant               5-8 2' X 2'    Low spreading and upright
  Deer Fern                   Med. Shade-Part   fronds.      WL birds mammals PPL
Campanula rotundifolia           4 15" X 1'   Blue bell shaped flowers. Drought
  Bellflower                  Low  Sun-Part     tolerant. WL hummingbirds butrfly
Carex obnupta                  5-9 2' X 2'    Native. Grass-like. Spreads easily.
  Slough Sedge                M-H  Sun-Part     Great erosion control.   WL birds FR
Carex tumulicola               8-9 18" X 18"  Native evergreen grass. Tuft of
  Berkeley Sedge              Med. Sun-Part     narrow green leaves. WL birds PPL FR
Cornus unalaschkensis            1 3" X 2'    Deciduous. White flowers in
  Western Bunchberry          Med. Shade-Part   spring.  WL birds butterflies PPL
Delphinium trollifolium        3-7 4' X 2'    Native. Long spike of purplish blue
  Poison Larkspur             Med. Shade-Part   flowers.WL bees butterfly hummers FR
Dicentra formosa                 3 12" X 18"  Native. Dark fern-like leaves. Pink
  Western Bleeding Heart      L-M  Shade-Part   flowers. WL butterfly hummers PPL
Digitalis purpurea               4 4' X 1'    Spike of white to pink spotted
  Pink Foxglove               Med. Part shade   flowers. Poisonous leaves.WL Bees
Disporum hookeri                   18" X 18"  Native. Nodding white flowers in
  Hooker's Fairy Bells        Med. Shade-Part   spring. Berries.WL birds bees PPL
Dodecatheon hendersonii          5 1' x 6"    Native. Pink to white flowers in
  Broad-Leaf Shooting Star    Low  Sun-Part     Feb-May.  WL bees beneficials PPL
Echinacea purpurea             4-8 2' X 3'    Showy flowers of drooping purple
  Purple Coneflower           Med. Sun-Part     petals. WL hummers bees butterfly FR
Echinops exaltatus               4 3' X 1'    Coarse, gray-green leaves. Steel
  Globe thistle               Med. Sun          blue flowers. WL bird butterflies
Eleocharis palustris             4 3' X 3'    Native wetland plant. Seed heads on
  Creeping Spike-rush         High Sun	      3' spikes.    WL birds amphibians
Elymus glaucus                   4 2' X 2'    Native. Dense clumps of blue gray
  Blue Wild Rye               Low  Sun-Part     grass.               WL birds PPL
Eriogonum umbellatum             4 3' X 2'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers.
  Sulphur Flower              Low  Sun               WL birds bees butterflies FR
Eryngium amethystinum            4 2' X 1'    Thistle-like plant. Steel blue or
  Sea holly                   Low  Sun          amethyst flowers.  WL butterflies
Festuca idahoensis               5 1' X 1'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Idaho Fescue                Low  Sun          Blue foliage.  WL birds butterfly
Festuca roemeri                  7 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Roemer's Fescue             Low  Sun          Blue foliage.  WL birds butterfly
Fragaria chiloensis            4-9 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover. White
  Wild Strawberry             Med. Sun-Part     flowers. Berries. WL birds bees FR
Fragaria vesca                 6-9 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover. PPL FR
  Wood Strawberry             Low  Sun-Part     Drought tolerant.   WL birds bees
Fragaria virginiana            5-9 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover. PPL FR
  Wild Strawberry             L-M  Sun-Part     Drought tolerant.   WL birds bees
Gaillardia aristata           3-10 2' X 2'    Native. Daisy-like yellow, bronze
  Blanket Flower              Low  Sun          flowers. WL birds bees butterfly
Gaultheria ovatifolia            8 3" X 12"   Native evergreen groundcover. Pink
  Oregon Wintergreen          High Part Sun     flowers. Red berries.    WL birds
Heuchera micrantha             4-8 18" X 18"  Native. Drought tolerant. White
  Alum Root                   Low  Sun-Part     flowers May-Aug. WL hummingbirds FR
Iris dougasiana               5-10 15" X 15"  Native. Cream to purple flowers PPL
  Douglas iris                Med. Shade-Part   in May. WL hummingbirds butterfly FR
Iris tenax                    5-10 15" X 18"  Native. Purple flowers with yellow
  Oregon iris                 L-M  Sun-Part     or white.    WL Hummers birds PPL FR
Juncus ensifolius                5 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Tolerates wet
  Dagger-leaf Rush            Med. Sun          soil.        WL birds mammals PPL
Lupinus rivularis              4-6 2' X 2'    Native. Purple-blue flowers in  PNP
  Stream-bank Lupine          Med. Part Sun     spring. WL hummers bees butterfly
Maianthemum dilatatum              1' X 1'    Native. White flowers spring-summer.
  False Lily-of-the-Valley    M-H  Shade-Part   Red berries. WL mammals birds PPL
Maianthemum racemosum            3 3' X 18"   Tall plumes of fuzzy white flowers.
  False Solomon's Seal        M-H  Shade-Part   Speckled fruit.WL bird mammal PPL
Maianthemum stellatum            3 18" x 18"  Native. White flowers in spring to
  Starry False Solom. Seal    L-M  Shade-Part   Speckled fruit.      WL birds PPL
Monarda didyma                   4 2' X 18"   White, scarlet, or purple flowers
  Bee balm, Bergamot          Med. Sun          Jun-Aug. WL hummers bees butrfly
Penstemon richardsonii         3-8 2' X 2'    Native. Pinkish flowers in late
  Richardson's Penstemon      Med. Part Sun     summer.  WL hummingbird butterfly FR
Penstemon serrulatus           3-8 18" X 18"  Native. Purple flower in summer.
  Cascade Penstemon           Med. Part Sun       WL hummers butterflies bees PPL FR
Phygelius capensis               7 3' X 3'    Red, coral, pink or yellow tubular
  Cape Fuchsia                Low  Sun-Shade    flowers all summer. WL hummingbi.
Rubus pedatus                    4 2" X 6'    Evergreen groundcover. Small white 
  Trailing Raspberry          Low  Sun-Part     flowers. Fruit.  WL birds mammals
Rubus calycinoides               7 6" X 3'    Evergreen groundcover. Small white
  Creeping Raspberry          Low  Sun-Part     flowers. Edible fruit.   WL birds
Rudbeckia hirta                  3 30" X 2'   Large yellow flowers with brown
  Black Eyed Susan            Med. Sun          center June-Oct.  WL bees butrfly
Scabiosa columbaria              5 18" X 18"  Blue, pink or white flowers June to
  Pincushion                  Low  Sun-Part     frost. WL hummingbird butterflies
Scirpus microcarpus              5 3' X 3'    Native wetland plant. White flowers
  Small Flowered Bulrush      High Sun-Part     in summer.           WL birds PPL
Sedum lanceolatum                5 3" X 1'    Native groundcover. Yellow flowers
  Stonecrop                   Low  Sun          in late spring. WL butterflies FR
Sedum oreganum                 7-8 3" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.
  Oregon Stonecrop            L-M  Sun-Part     Yellow flowers. WL butrfly PPL FR
Sedum spathulifolium           5-8 4" X 4"    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Stonecrop                   Low  Sun-Part     Yellow flowers. WL bees butrfly FR
Sidalcea campestris              7 4' X 18"   Pink or red flowers resemble holly-
  Meadow Checkermallow        Med. Sun-Part     hocks. WL hummingbird butterflies
Sidalcea cusickii                7 4' X 2'    Native. Pink flowers in May-July.
  Cusick's Checkermallow      Med. Sun-Part     Feeds birds, bees and butterflies
Solidago canadensis              4 3' X 3'    Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow
  Goldenrod                   Low  Sun          flower. WL birds bees butrfly PPL
Sisyrinchium idahoense             10" X 10"  Native. Deep bluish to violet    FR
  Blue Eyed Grass             Med. Sun-Shade    flowers. WL beneficial insects
Thymus species                4-10 4" X 1'    Aromatic leaves with tiny red to
  Thyme                       Low  Sun-Part     blue flowers. WL bees butterflies FR
Typha latifolia                  4 6' X 4'    Native bog plant. Makes thick
  Cattails                    High Sun          clumps in moist soil. WL bird PPL
Wyethia angustifolia               2' X 1'    Native. Large sunflower like flower 
  Narrow-Leaved Mules Ear     L-M  Sun-Part     heads.      WL birds bees mammals

Shrubs
Amelanchier alnifolia          4-5 10' X 6'   Native. White flowers in Spring.PPL
  Western Serviceberry        L-M  Sun-Part     Berries. WL birds bees butrfly FR
Arbutus unedo 'Compacta'         7 8' X 6'    Evergreen. Pink flowers. Edible red
  Compact Strawberry Tree     Low  Sun-Shade    fruit.WL butterflies hummingbirds
Arctostaphylos columbiana        7 6' X 6'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers.
  Hairy Manzanita             Low  Sun               WL birds butterflies mammals
Azalea occidentale               4 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Fragrant pink
  Western Azalea              Med. Sun-Part     flowers. WL hummingbird butterfly
Berberis thunbergii              4 5' X 5'    Yellow flowers and red berries.
  Japanese Barberry           Med. Sun-Part     Thorns.      WL birds butterflies
Berberis verruculosa             6 3'X 3'     Evergreen. Purplish flowers. Black
  Warty Barberry              Med. Sun          berries. Thorns. WL birds butrfly
Ceanothus integerrimus           5 8' X 6'    Native evergreen. Blue flowers.
  Mountain Lilac, Deer Brush  Low  Sun-Part      WL hummingbirds butterflies deer
Ceanothus velutinus var laeve.   1 3' X 3'    Native evergreen. White flower. PPL
  Mountain Balm               L-M  Sun           WL hummingbirds butterflies deer
Cornus sericea occidentalis    2-8 8' X 8'    Native deciduous. White flowers.
  Red Osier Dogwood           Med. Sun-Part     Berries.  WL birds butrfly PPL FR
Corylus cornuta var. califor.    3 20' X 20'  Native deciduous. Suckers freely.
  Hazelnut                    Med. Sun-Shade    for hedge. Fall yellow.WL mammals
Cotoneaster horizontalis       5-7 2' X 4'    Evergreen. White flowers in spring.
  Cotoneaster                 Low  Sun-Shade    Red/orange berries. WL birds bees FR
Escallonia exoniensis            7 5' X 5'    Evergreen. Pink or red flowers May-
  Escallonia                  Med. Sun-Part     August.  WL butterflies hummers
Fuchsia magellanica              4 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. Violet, white and
  Hardy Fuchsia               High Part Shade   red flowers. WL birds butterflies
Garrya elliptica               6-8 8' X 8'    Native evergreen. Leaves with woolly
  Coast Silk Tassel           Low  Sun-Part     catkins Jan. WL birds butterflies FR
Gaultheria shallon             6-8 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers in
  Salal                       L-M  Shade-Part   spring. WL birds butterflies PPL FR
Holodiscus discolor            5-9 12' X 10'  Native deciduous. White flower in
  Oceanspray                  L-M  Sun-Part     spring.WL birds bees butrfly PPL FR
Juniperus communis               3 1' X 6'    Evergreen. Many forms. Very drought
  Common Juniper              Low  Sun          tolerant. Berries.       WL birds
Lavandula species                6 3' X 3'    Evergreen. Gray leaves with flowers
  Lavender                    Low  Sun          July-Aug.  WL butterflies hummers
Lonicera involucrata             3 8' X 7'    Native deciduous. Yellow flowers in
  Black Twinberry             Med. Sun-Part     May. Berries.  WL birds butterfly
Mahonia aquiflium              3-9 5' X 3'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Oregon Grape                Low  Sun-Part     March. WL birds bees butrfly PPL FR
Mahonia nervosa                6-8 2' X 3'     Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Leatherleaf Oregon Grape    L-M  Shade-Part   spring. WL birds butrflies. PPL FR
Mahonia repens                 3-8 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Leatherleaf Mahonia         Low  Shade-Part   spring. Berries. WL birds butrfly FR
Morella californica              7 10' X 8'   Native evergreen. Excellent hedge.
  California Wax Myrtle       Low  Sun-Shade    Berries. WL birds butterflies deer
Oemleria cerasiformis            6 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Yellow flower.
  Indian Plum                 L-M  Sun-Shade      WL hummers bees butterflies PPL
Philadelphus lewisii           4-8 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Fragrant white
  Pacific Mockorange          Med. Sun-Shade    flowers.WL hummer bee butrfly PPL FR
Physocarpus capitatus            2 6' X 6'    Native deciduous. White flowers in
  Native Ninebark             M-H  Part-Sun     spring. Wet soil OK. WL birds PPL
Potentilla fruticosa             3 3' X 3'    Deciduous. Yellow flowers all
  Potentilla                  Med. Sun          summer.      WL birds butterflies
Prunus virginiana                2 15' X 10'  Native deciduous. Clusters of white
  Choke Cherry                Med. Sun-Part     flower. Berries. WL birds butterfly
Rhododendron macrophyllum      5-8 8' x 8'    Native Evergreen. Pink flowers in
  Pacific Rhododendron        Med. Shade-Part   late spring.WL bird bee butrfly FR
Ribes sanguineum               5-7 6' X 4'    Native deciduous. Red flowers.
  Red Flowering Currant       L-M  Sun-Part     Berries. WL hummers butrfly PPL FR
Rosa nutkana                     5 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Pink roses in
  Nootka Rose                 L-M  Sun-Part     June. WL birds bees butterfly PPL
Rosa woodsii                   4-8 6' x 6'    Native deciduous. Pink flowers in
  Wood's Rose                 L-M  Sun-Part     Summer. WL bird butterfly mammals
Rubus parviflorus                3 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. White flowers in
  Thimbleberry                L-M  Sun-Shade    May. Berries.WL bird butrfly PPL FR
Rubus spectabilis                7 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Deep pink flowers
  Salmonberry                 M-H  Shade-Part   WL birds butterflies mammals  PPL
Sambucus caerulea                4 12' X 8'   Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Blue Elderberry             L-M  Sun-Part     WL birds bees butrfly mammals PPL
Sambucus racemosa                4 12' X 10'  Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Red Elderberry              Med  Sun-Shade    WL birds bees butterflies mammals
Shepherdia argenteus             2 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Silver gray. Red
  Silver Buffalo Berry        Any  Sun-Part     berries.         WL birds mammals
Sorbus scopulina                 3 10' X 10'  Native deciduous. Drougnt tolerant.
  Cascade Mountain Ash        Low  Sun          White flowers. WL birds butterfly
Spiraea douglasi               4-8 5' X 4'    Native deciduous. Clusters of pink
  Hardhack Spirea             L-M  Sun-Part     flowers. WL birds butrfly PPL FR
Symphoricarpos albus           3-7 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. White flowers in
  Common Snowberry            L-M  Sun-Shade    May. Berries. WL bird butrfly PPL FR
Vaccinium membranaceum           5 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Thin-leaf Huckleberry       Low  Shade        White flowers.      WL birds bees
Vaccinium ovatum                 7 4' X 4'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers.
  Evergreen Huckleberry       L-M  Sun-Shade    Berries.WL birds bees butrfly PPL
Vaccinium parvifolium            5 6' X 6'    Native deciduous. Pink flowers in
  Red Huckleberry             L-M  Shade-Part   Berries.WL birds bees butrfly PPL
Viburnum edule                   4 8' X 6'    Deciduous. White flowers and red
  Squashberry                 Med. Sun-Part     berries. Red in fall.    WL birds
Viburnum trilobum              2-7 10' X 10'  Native deciduous. White flowers in
  High Bush Cranberry         Med. Sun-Part     spring. Berries. WL birds mammals FR

Trees
Abies grandis                    5 150' X 40' Native pyramidal evergreen. Likes
  Grand Fir                   Med. Sun-Shade    cool soil.WL birds,butterfly  PPL
Abies procera                    5 90' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. Short
  Noble Fir                   Med. Sun-Part     stiff branches. WL birds, butterfly
Acer circinatum                4-8 25' X 20'  Native tree with multiple trunks.
  Vine Maple                  Med. Sun-Shade    Red Fall leaves.WL birds bees PPL FR
Acer macrophyllum              5-7 70' X 30'  Native. Large tree with big leaves.
  Bigleaf Maple               L-M  Shade-Part   Yellow in Fall. WL birds bees PPL FR
Alnus rubra                      4 100' X 40' Native. Fast growing. Yellow fall
  Red Alder                   High Sun-Part     leaves.  WL birds butterflies PPL FR
Arbutus menziesii                3 50' X 50'  Native evergreen. White flowers in
  Madrone                     Low  Sun-Part     spring.WL bird butrfly mammal PPL
Betula papyrifera              2-9 50' X 35'  Oval shape. White bark. Yellow fall
  Paper Or Canoe Birch        Med. Sun          leave WL birds butterflies FR
Calocedrus decurrens             6 75' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. Fra-
  Incense Cedar               Low  Sun-Part     grant twigs.     WL birds mammals
Cercis occidentalis           6-10 15' X 15'  Native. Pink sweet pea flowers in
  Western Redbud              L-M  Sun-Part     April.  WL hummers bees butterfly FR
Chrysolepis chrysophylla           50' X 25'  Native evergreen. White flowers in
  Golden Chinquapin           Low  Sun-Part     spring. Nuts eaten by jays.
Cornus nuttallii               5-9 40' X 20'  Native. Large white flowers in May.
  Pacific Dogwood             L-M  Shade-Part   Red fall. WL bird butterflies PPL FR
Corylus cornuta                    12' X 10'  Native. Edible nuts called filberts.
  Western Hazelnut            Med  Sun-Part                 WL birds, mammals PPL
Crataegus douglasii            5-7 30'X 20'   Native. Clusters of white flowers.
  Oregon Hawthorn             Med. Sun-Part     Berries.     WL birds butterflies FR
Frangula purshiana                 30' X 25'  Native. Deeply veined leaves.
  Cascara                     Med. Shade-Part   Black berries WL birds mammals PPL FR
Juniperus scopulorum             3 15' X 8'   Pyramidal evergreen. Silvery blue
  Rocky Mountain Juniper      Low  Sun          needles.    WL birds butterflies
Malus fusca                    4-8 30' X 35'  Native. White flowers in spring. 
  Western Crabapple           Med. Sun-Part     Fruit. WL bird butrfly mammals PPL FR
Picea sitchensis                 5 150' X 30' Native pyramidal evergreen. Moist
  Sitka Spruce                L-M  Sun-Part     but drained soil.     WL birds PPL
Pinus contorta contorta          5 25' X 25'  Native rounded evergreen. Drought
  Shore Pine                  Low  Sun          and salt tolerant.WL bird butterfly
Pinus contorta latifolia         4 80' X 20'  Native evergreen. Tall narrow tree.
  Lodgepole Pine              Low  Sun          Short needles.   WL birds mammals
Pinus contorta murrayana         4 60' X 25'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.
  Murrayana Pine              Low  Sun          Narrow in groves.WL birds mammals
Pinus ponderosa                  3 200' X 30' Native evergreen. Long needles. PPL
  Ponderosa Pine              Low  Sun          Black and orange bark.   WL birds
Populus tremuloides            3-8 30' X 15'  Native. Leaves flutter in a slight
  Quaking Aspen               Med. Sun-Part     breeze.  WL birds butterflies PPL FR
Prunus emarginata                4 30' X 20'  Native. Small white flowers. Small
  Bitter Cherry               Med. Sun-Part     cherries. WL bird butrfly mammals
Prunus virginiana             2-6  20' X 15'  Native. White flowers in spring.
  Common Chokecherry          L-M  Sun-Part     Sour purple berries. WL birds PPL FR
Pseudotsuga menziesii            4 200' X 50' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fast
  Douglas Fir                 L-M  Sun-Part     growing. WL birds,butterflies PPL
Quercus garryana               6-9 65' X 50'  Native. Red fall leaves. Needs  PPL
  Oregon White Oak            Low  Sun          drainage. WL bird butrfly mammals FR
Rhamnus purshiana                4 25' X 20"  Native. Veined leaves turn yellow.
  Cascara                     Med. Sun-Shade    Black berries.vv WL birds bees FR
Rhus glabra			 3 12' X 15'  Native. Drought tolerant. Red fall
  Smooth Sumac                Low  Sun          leaves. Berries.WL bird butrfly FR
Salix spp.                     3-9 40' X 30'  Native. Used to stabilize stream
  Native Willows              High Sun          banks.WL bird butrfly mammals PPL FR
Taxus brevifolia                   40' X 30'  Native. Dark green flat needles.
  Pacific Yew                 M-H  Sun-Shade    Red berries.         WL birds PPL
Thuja plicata                    5 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Narrow with
  Western Red Cedar           Any  Sun-Part     drooping branches.   WL birds PPL
Tilia cordata                    3 40' X 25'  Densely pyramidal. Yellow fall
  Little Leaf Linden          Med. Sun-Part     leaves.           WL hummingbirds
Tsuga heterophylla               4 150' X 40'  Native pyramidal evergreen. White 
  Western Hemlock             Med. Sun-Shade     needles. WL birds,butterflies PPL
Tsuga mertensiana                4 30' X 15'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.
  Mountain Hemlock            Med. Sun-Part     Thrives on cool slope.   WL birds

Native Vines
Lonicera cilosa                4-9 15' X 15'  Native deciduous. Orange-yellow
  Orange Honeysuckle          Low  shade        flowers.     WL birds butterflies
Lonicera hispidula             4-9 12' X 12'  Native. Drought tolerant. Pink
  Hairy Honeysuckle           Low  Sun-Part     flowers in summer.   WL birds PPL
Rubus ursinus                      1' X 15'   Native. White flowers in spring.
  Pacific Blackberry          Med. Sun-Shade    Shiny black fruit.   WL birds PPL

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Click on Plant Native for a list of native plant nurseries in your area.

Click on Native Plants PNW for descriptions of plants native to the Pacific Northwest and the wildlife they support.

Click on Native Plant Finder for a list of plants and butterflies native to your county.

More about fire resistant landscaping with pictures and descriptions of plants can be found at Fire Resistant Plants.


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