Find native plants that attract birds by Zipcode from Audubon Society.
Find native plants that attract butterflies by Zipcode from National Wildlife Federation.
Scientific name USDA Zone Height X Width Description Common name Water Exposure WL=Wildlife PPL=Portland Plant List FR=Fire Resistant Native Annuals Asclepias cordfolia 4 4' X 3' Native. Lilac flowers July to Sept. Showy Milkweed Med. Sun WL bees hummers Monarch butterfly Clarkia amoena 8-10 2' X 1' Native. Pink to red flowers in Farewell to Spring L-M Sun-Part June-July. WL bee butterfly hummers Cleome serrulata 4' X 2' Native. Pink flowers in July to Rocky Mountain Beeplant Med. Sun-Part August. WL birds bees butterfly Eschscholzia californica 2' X 2' Native. Yellow to orange flowers California Poppy L-M Sun May to Sept. WL bees Gilia capitata 3' X 2' Native. Blue to white flowers in Globe Gilia L-M Sun May. WL bees butterflies hummers Limnanthes douglasii 18" X 18" Native. Yellow/white flowers in Douglas Meadowfoam Med. Sun spring. WL bees Madia elegans 2' X 1' Native. Yellow flowers July to Sept. Showy Tarweed Low Sun Drought tolerant. WL bees butrfly Nemophila menziesii 6" X 1' Native. Blue flowers with white cen- Baby Blue Eyes Med. Sun-Part ters in spring.WL bees butterflies Perennials Achillea millefolium 3-8 30" X 2' NativGe. White, flat flowers in sum- Common Yarrow Low Sun-Part mer, good cut.WL bees butrfly PPL FR Agastache foeniculum 6-9 2' X 1' Masses of red, pink or lavender Anise Hyssop Med. Sun-Part flowers. WL bees hummer butterfly Allium cernuum 4 15" X 12" Native. Pink flowers in summer. Nodding Onion L-M Sun WL bees butterflies hummers PPL Anaphalis margaritacea 3 2' X 1' Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery Pearly Everlasting L-M Sun white flowers. WL butterfly PPL Aquilegia formosa 3-9 2' X 1' Native. Red flowers in May to Aug. Western Columbine Low Sun-Part WL bee beneficials hummers PPL FR Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 2-6 8" X 4' Native evergreen. Pink flowers. Kinnikinnick L-M Sun Berries. WL bird bees butrfly PPL FR Armeria maritima 4-8 10" X 1' Native evergreen. Pink or white Sea Thrift Med. Sun-Part flowers. WL bee hummers butterfly FR Aruncus dioicus 4 3' X 3' Native. Creamy white flowers in PNP Goatsbeard Med. Shade-Part June-July. WL bee buterfly hummer Asarum caudatum 4-8 4" X 2' Native. Heart shaped leaves. Maroon Wild Ginger Med. Shade-Part flowers. WL birds beneficials PPL Aster subspicatus 5 2' X 2' Native. Drought tolerant. Purple Douglas Aster Med. Sun flowers. WL hummers bees buterfly Athyrium filix-femina 4-9 3' X 2' Fine double cut leaves arch up and Lady Fern M-H Sun-Shade out. WL birds hummers PPL Balsamorhiza sagittata 4 15" X 15" Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow Arrowleaf Balsamroot Low Sun spring flowers. WL insect butrfly Blechnum spicant 5-8 2' X 2' Low spreading and upright Deer Fern Med. Shade-Part fronds. WL birds mammals PPL Campanula rotundifolia 4 15" X 1' Blue bell shaped flowers. Drought Bellflower Low Sun-Part tolerant. WL hummingbirds butrfly Carex obnupta 5-9 2' X 2' Native. Grass-like. Spreads easily. Slough Sedge M-H Sun-Part Great erosion control. WL birds FR Carex tumulicola 8-9 18" X 18" Native evergreen grass. Tuft of Berkeley Sedge Med. Sun-Part narrow green leaves. WL birds PPL FR Cornus unalaschkensis 1 3" X 2' Deciduous. White flowers in Western Bunchberry Med. Shade-Part spring. WL birds butterflies PPL Delphinium trollifolium 3-7 4' X 2' Native. Long spike of purplish blue Poison Larkspur Med. Shade-Part flowers.WL bees butterfly hummers FR Dicentra formosa 3 12" X 18" Native. Dark fern-like leaves. Pink Western Bleeding Heart L-M Shade-Part flowers. WL butterfly hummers PPL Digitalis purpurea 4 4' X 1' Spike of white to pink spotted Pink Foxglove Med. Part shade flowers. Poisonous leaves.WL Bees Disporum hookeri 18" X 18" Native. Nodding white flowers in Hooker's Fairy Bells Med. Shade-Part spring. Berries.WL birds bees PPL Dodecatheon hendersonii 5 1' x 6" Native. Pink to white flowers in Broad-Leaf Shooting Star Low Sun-Part Feb-May. WL bees beneficials PPL Echinacea purpurea 4-8 2' X 3' Showy flowers of drooping purple Purple Coneflower Med. Sun-Part petals. WL hummers bees butterfly FR Echinops exaltatus 4 3' X 1' Coarse, gray-green leaves. Steel Globe thistle Med. Sun blue flowers. WL bird butterflies Eleocharis palustris 4 3' X 3' Native wetland plant. Seed heads on Creeping Spike-rush High Sun 3' spikes. WL birds amphibians Elymus glaucus 4 2' X 2' Native. Dense clumps of blue gray Blue Wild Rye Low Sun-Part grass. WL birds PPL Eriogonum umbellatum 4 3' X 2' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers. Sulphur Flower Low Sun WL birds bees butterflies FR Eryngium amethystinum 4 2' X 1' Thistle-like plant. Steel blue or Sea holly Low Sun amethyst flowers. WL butterflies Festuca idahoensis 5 1' X 1' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Idaho Fescue Low Sun Blue foliage. WL birds butterfly Festuca roemeri 7 2' X 2' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Roemer's Fescue Low Sun Blue foliage. WL birds butterfly Fragaria chiloensis 4-9 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. White Wild Strawberry Med. Sun-Part flowers. Berries. WL birds bees FR Fragaria vesca 6-9 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. PPL FR Wood Strawberry Low Sun-Part Drought tolerant. WL birds bees Fragaria virginiana 5-9 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. PPL FR Wild Strawberry L-M Sun-Part Drought tolerant. WL birds bees Gaillardia aristata 3-10 2' X 2' Native. Daisy-like yellow, bronze Blanket Flower Low Sun flowers. WL birds bees butterfly Gaultheria ovatifolia 8 3" X 12" Native evergreen groundcover. Pink Oregon Wintergreen High Part Sun flowers. Red berries. WL birds Heuchera micrantha 4-8 18" X 18" Native. Drought tolerant. White Alum Root Low Sun-Part flowers May-Aug. WL hummingbirds FR Iris dougasiana 5-10 15" X 15" Native. Cream to purple flowers PPL Douglas iris Med. Shade-Part in May. WL hummingbirds butterfly FR Iris tenax 5-10 15" X 18" Native. Purple flowers with yellow Oregon iris L-M Sun-Part or white. WL Hummers birds PPL FR Juncus ensifolius 5 2' X 2' Native evergreen. Tolerates wet Dagger-leaf Rush Med. Sun soil. WL birds mammals PPL Lupinus rivularis 4-6 2' X 2' Native. Purple-blue flowers in PNP Stream-bank Lupine Med. Part Sun spring. WL hummers bees butterfly Maianthemum dilatatum 1' X 1' Native. White flowers spring-summer. False Lily-of-the-Valley M-H Shade-Part Red berries. WL mammals birds PPL Maianthemum racemosum 3 3' X 18" Tall plumes of fuzzy white flowers. False Solomon's Seal M-H Shade-Part Speckled fruit.WL bird mammal PPL Maianthemum stellatum 3 18" x 18" Native. White flowers in spring to Starry False Solom. Seal L-M Shade-Part Speckled fruit. WL birds PPL Monarda didyma 4 2' X 18" White, scarlet, or purple flowers Bee balm, Bergamot Med. Sun Jun-Aug. WL hummers bees butrfly Penstemon richardsonii 3-8 2' X 2' Native. Pinkish flowers in late Richardson's Penstemon Med. Part Sun summer. WL hummingbird butterfly FR Penstemon serrulatus 3-8 18" X 18" Native. Purple flower in summer. Cascade Penstemon Med. Part Sun WL hummers butterflies bees PPL FR Phygelius capensis 7 3' X 3' Red, coral, pink or yellow tubular Cape Fuchsia Low Sun-Shade flowers all summer. WL hummingbi. Rubus pedatus 4 2" X 6' Evergreen groundcover. Small white Trailing Raspberry Low Sun-Part flowers. Fruit. WL birds mammals Rubus calycinoides 7 6" X 3' Evergreen groundcover. Small white Creeping Raspberry Low Sun-Part flowers. Edible fruit. WL birds Rudbeckia hirta 3 30" X 2' Large yellow flowers with brown Black Eyed Susan Med. Sun center June-Oct. WL bees butrfly Scabiosa columbaria 5 18" X 18" Blue, pink or white flowers June to Pincushion Low Sun-Part frost. WL hummingbird butterflies Scirpus microcarpus 5 3' X 3' Native wetland plant. White flowers Small Flowered Bulrush High Sun-Part in summer. WL birds PPL Sedum lanceolatum 5 3" X 1' Native groundcover. Yellow flowers Stonecrop Low Sun in late spring. WL butterflies FR Sedum oreganum 7-8 3" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. Oregon Stonecrop L-M Sun-Part Yellow flowers. WL butrfly PPL FR Sedum spathulifolium 5-8 4" X 4" Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Stonecrop Low Sun-Part Yellow flowers. WL bees butrfly FR Sidalcea campestris 7 4' X 18" Pink or red flowers resemble holly- Meadow Checkermallow Med. Sun-Part hocks. WL hummingbird butterflies Sidalcea cusickii 7 4' X 2' Native. Pink flowers in May-July. Cusick's Checkermallow Med. Sun-Part Feeds birds, bees and butterflies Solidago canadensis 4 3' X 3' Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow Goldenrod Low Sun flower. WL birds bees butrfly PPL Sisyrinchium idahoense 10" X 10" Native. Deep bluish to violet FR Blue Eyed Grass Med. Sun-Shade flowers. WL beneficial insects Thymus species 4-10 4" X 1' Aromatic leaves with tiny red to Thyme Low Sun-Part blue flowers. WL bees butterflies FR Typha latifolia 4 6' X 4' Native bog plant. Makes thick Cattails High Sun clumps in moist soil. WL bird PPL Wyethia angustifolia 2' X 1' Native. Large sunflower like flower Narrow-Leaved Mules Ear L-M Sun-Part heads. WL birds bees mammals Shrubs Amelanchier alnifolia 4-5 10' X 6' Native. White flowers in Spring.PPL Western Serviceberry L-M Sun-Part Berries. WL birds bees butrfly FR Arbutus unedo 'Compacta' 7 8' X 6' Evergreen. Pink flowers. Edible red Compact Strawberry Tree Low Sun-Shade fruit.WL butterflies hummingbirds Arctostaphylos columbiana 7 6' X 6' Native evergreen. Pink flowers. Hairy Manzanita Low Sun WL birds butterflies mammals Azalea occidentale 4 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Fragrant pink Western Azalea Med. Sun-Part flowers. WL hummingbird butterfly Berberis (Mahonia) aquiflium 3-9 5' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Oregon Grape Low Sun-Part March. WL birds bees butrfly PPL FR Berberis (Mahonia) nervosa 6-8 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Leatherleaf Oregon Grape L-M Shade-Part spring. WL birds butrflies. PPL FR Berberis (Mahonia) repens 3-8 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Leatherleaf Mahonia Low Shade-Part spring. Berries. WL birds butrfly FR Berberis thunbergii 4 5' X 5' Yellow flowers and red berries. Japanese Barberry Med. Sun-Part Thorns. WL birds butterflies Berberis verruculosa 6 3'X 3' Evergreen. Purplish flowers. Black Warty Barberry Med. Sun berries. Thorns. WL birds butrfly Ceanothus integerrimus 5 8' X 6' Native evergreen. Blue flowers. Mountain Lilac, Deer Brush Low Sun-Part WL hummingbirds butterflies deer Ceanothus velutinus var laeve. 1 3' X 3' Native evergreen. White flower. PPL Mountain Balm L-M Sun WL hummingbirds butterflies deer Cornus sericea occidentalis 2-8 8' X 8' Native deciduous. White flowers. Red Osier Dogwood Med. Sun-Part Berries. WL birds butrfly PPL FR Corylus cornuta var. califor. 3 20' X 20' Native deciduous. Suckers freely. Hazelnut Med. Sun-Shade for hedge. Fall yellow.WL mammals Cotoneaster horizontalis 5-7 2' X 4' Evergreen. White flowers in spring. Cotoneaster Low Sun-Shade Red/orange berries. WL birds bees FR Escallonia exoniensis 7 5' X 5' Evergreen. Pink or red flowers May- Escallonia Med. Sun-Part August. WL butterflies hummers Fuchsia magellanica 4 4' X 4' Native deciduous. Violet, white and Hardy Fuchsia High Part Shade red flowers. WL birds butterflies Garrya elliptica 6-8 8' X 8' Native evergreen. Leaves with woolly Coast Silk Tassel Low Sun-Part catkins Jan. WL birds butterflies FR Gaultheria shallon 6-8 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Pink flowers in Salal L-M Shade-Part spring. WL birds butterflies PPL FR Holodiscus discolor 5-9 12' X 10' Native deciduous. White flower in Oceanspray L-M Sun-Part spring.WL birds bees butrfly PPL FR Juniperus communis 3 1' X 6' Evergreen. Many forms. Very drought Common Juniper Low Sun tolerant. Berries. WL birds Lavandula species 6 3' X 3' Evergreen. Gray leaves with flowers Lavender Low Sun July-Aug. WL butterflies hummers Lonicera involucrata 3 8' X 7' Native deciduous. Yellow flowers in Black Twinberry Med. Sun-Part May. Berries. WL birds butterfly Morella californica 7 10' X 8' Native evergreen. Excellent hedge. California Wax Myrtle Low Sun-Shade Berries. WL birds butterflies deer Oemleria cerasiformis 6 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Yellow flower. Indian Plum L-M Sun-Shade WL hummers bees butterflies PPL Philadelphus lewisii 4-8 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Fragrant white Pacific Mockorange Med. Sun-Shade flowers.WL hummer bee butrfly PPL FR Physocarpus capitatus 2 6' X 6' Native deciduous. White flowers in Native Ninebark M-H Part-Sun spring. Wet soil OK. WL birds PPL Potentilla fruticosa 3 3' X 3' Deciduous. Yellow flowers all Potentilla Med. Sun summer. WL birds butterflies Prunus virginiana 2 15' X 10' Native deciduous. Clusters of white Choke Cherry Med. Sun-Part flower. Berries. WL birds butterfly Rhododendron macrophyllum 5-8 8' x 8' Native Evergreen. Pink flowers in Pacific Rhododendron Med. Shade-Part late spring.WL bee FR Ribes sanguineum 5-7 6' X 4' Native deciduous. Red flowers. Red Flowering Currant L-M Sun-Part Berries. WL hummers butrfly PPL FR Rosa nutkana 5 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Pink roses in Nootka Rose L-M Sun-Part June. WL birds bees butterfly PPL Rosa woodsii 4-8 6' x 6' Native deciduous. Pink flowers in Wood's Rose L-M Sun-Part Summer. WL bird butterfly mammals Rubus parviflorus 3 4' X 4' Native deciduous. White flowers in Thimbleberry L-M Sun-Shade May. Berries.WL bird butrfly PPL FR Rubus spectabilis 7 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Deep pink flowers Salmonberry M-H Shade-Part WL birds butterflies mammals PPL Sambucus caerulea 4 12' X 8' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Blue Elderberry L-M Sun-Part WL birds bees butrfly mammals PPL Sambucus racemosa 4 12' X 10' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Red Elderberry Med Sun-Shade WL birds bees butterflies mammals Shepherdia argenteus 2 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Silver gray. Red Silver Buffalo Berry Any Sun-Part berries. WL birds mammals Sorbus scopulina 3 10' X 10' Native deciduous. Drougnt tolerant. Cascade Mountain Ash Low Sun White flowers. WL birds butterfly Spiraea douglasi 4-8 5' X 4' Native deciduous. Clusters of pink Hardhack Spirea L-M Sun-Part flowers. WL birds butrfly PPL FR Symphoricarpos albus 3-7 4' X 4' Native deciduous. White flowers in Common Snowberry L-M Sun-Shade May. Berries. WL bird butrfly PPL FR Vaccinium membranaceum 5 4' X 4' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Thin-leaf Huckleberry Low Shade White flowers. WL birds bees Vaccinium ovatum 7 4' X 4' Native evergreen. Pink flowers. Evergreen Huckleberry L-M Sun-Shade Berries.WL birds bees butrfly PPL Vaccinium parvifolium 5 6' X 6' Native deciduous. Pink flowers in Red Huckleberry L-M Shade-Part Berries.WL birds bees butrfly PPL Viburnum edule 4 8' X 6' Deciduous. White flowers and red Squashberry Med. Sun-Part berries. WL bees birds butterfly Viburnum trilobum 2-7 10' X 10' Native deciduous. White flowers in High Bush Cranberry Med. Sun-Part spring. Berries. WLbee birds mammals FR Trees Abies grandis 5 150' X 40' Native pyramidal evergreen. Likes Grand Fir Med. Sun-Shade cool soil.WL birdsbutterfly PPL Abies procera 5 90' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. Short Noble Fir Med. Sun-Part stiff branches. WL birds, butterfly Acer circinatum 4-8 25' X 20' Native tree with multiple trunks. Vine Maple Med. Sun-Shade Red Fall leaves.WL birds bees PPL FR Acer macrophyllum 5-7 70' X 30' Native. Large tree with big leaves. Bigleaf Maple L-M Shade-Part Yellow in Fall. WL birds bees PPL FR Alnus rubra 4 70' X 30' Native. Fast growing. Yellow fall Red Alder High Sun-Shade leaves.WL bird butrfly mammal PPL FR Arbutus menziesii 3 50' X 50' Native evergreen. White flowers in Madrone Low Sun-Part spring.WL bird butrfly mammal PPL Betula papyrifera 2-9 50' X 35' Oval shape. White bark. Yellow fall Paper Or Canoe Birch Med. Sun leaves. WL birds butterflies FR Calocedrus decurrens 6 75' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fra- Incense Cedar Low Sun-Part grant twigs. WL birds mammals Cercis occidentalis 6-10 15' X 15' Native. Pink sweet pea flowers in Western Redbud L-M Sun-Part April. WL hummers bees butterfly FR Chrysolepis chrysophylla 50' X 25' Native evergreen. White flowers in Golden Chinquapin Low Sun-Part spring. Nuts eaten by jays. Cornus nuttallii 5-9 40' X 20' Native. Large white flowers in May. Pacific Dogwood L-M Shade-Part Red fall. WL bird butterflies PPL FR Corylus cornuta 12' X 10' Native. Edible nuts called filberts. Western Hazelnut Med Sun-Part WL birds, mammals PPL Crataegus douglasii 5-7 30'X 20' Native. Clusters of white flowers. Oregon Hawthorn Med. Sun-Part Berries. WL birds butterflies FR Frangula purshiana 30' X 25' Native. Deeply veined leaves. Cascara Med. Shade-Part Black berries WL birds mammals PPL FR Juniperus scopulorum 3 15' X 8' Pyramidal evergreen. Silvery blue Rocky Mountain Juniper Low Sun needles. WL birds butterflies Malus fusca 4-8 30' X 35' Native. White flowers in spring. Western Crabapple Med. Sun-Part Fruit. WL bird butrfly mammals PPL FR Picea sitchensis 5 150' X 30' Native pyramidal evergreen. Moist Sitka Spruce L-M Sun-Part but drained soil. WL birds PPL Pinus contorta contorta 5 25' X 25' Native rounded evergreen. Drought Shore Pine Low Sun and salt tolerant.WL bird butterfly Pinus contorta latifolia 4 80' X 20' Native evergreen. Tall narrow tree. Lodgepole Pine Low Sun Short needles. WL birds mammals Pinus contorta murrayana 4 60' X 25' Native evergreen. Slow growing. Murrayana Pine Low Sun Narrow in groves.WL birds mammals Pinus ponderosa 3 200' X 30' Native evergreen. Long needles. PPL Ponderosa Pine Low Sun Black and orange bark. WL birds Populus tremuloides 3-8 30' X 15' Native. Leaves flutter in a slight Quaking Aspen Med. Sun-Part breeze. WL birds butterflies PPL FR Prunus emarginata 4 30' X 20' Native. Small white flowers. Small Bitter Cherry Med. Sun-Part cherries. WL bird butrfly mammals Prunus virginiana 2-6 20' X 15' Native. White flowers in spring. Common Chokecherry L-M Sun-Part Sour purple berries. WL birds PPL FR Pseudotsuga menziesii 4 200' X 50' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fast Douglas Fir L-M Sun-Part growing. WL birds,butterflies PPL Quercus garryana 6-9 65' X 50' Native. Red fall leaves. Needs PPL Oregon White Oak Low Sun drainage. WL bird butrfly mammals FR Rhamnus purshiana 4 25' X 20" Native. Black berries. Fall yellow. Cascara, Buckthorn Med. Sun-Shade WL birds hummers bees butrfly FR Rhus glabra 3 12' X 15' Native. Drought tolerant. Red fall Smooth Sumac Low Sun leaves. Berries.WL bird butrfly FR Salix spp. 3-9 40' X 30' Native. Used to stabilize stream Native Willows High Sun banks.WL bird butrfly mammals PPL FR Taxus brevifolia 40' X 30' Native. Dark green flat needles. Pacific Yew M-H Sun-Shade Red berries. WL birds PPL Thuja plicata 5 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Narrow with Western Red Cedar Any Sun-Part drooping branches. WL birds PPL Tilia cordata 3 40' X 25' Densely pyramidal. Yellow fall Little Leaf Linden Med. Sun-Part leaves. WL bee hummingbirds Tsuga heterophylla 4 150' X 40' Native pyramidal evergreen. White Western Hemlock Med. Sun-Shade needles. WL birds butterflies PPL Tsuga mertensiana 4 30' X 15' Native evergreen. Slow growing. Mountain Hemlock Med. Sun-Part Thrives on cool slope. WL birds Native Vines Lonicera cilosa 4-9 15' X 15' Native deciduous. Orange-yellow Orange Honeysuckle Low shade flowers. WL birds butterflies Lonicera hispidula 4-9 12' X 12' Native. Drought tolerant. Pink Hairy Honeysuckle Low Sun-Part flowers in summer. WL birds PPL Rubus ursinus 1' X 15' Native. White flowers in spring. Pacific Blackberry Med. Sun-Shade Shiny black fruit. WL birds PPL
Click on Native Plants PNW for descriptions of plants native to the Pacific Northwest and the wildlife they support.
Click on Native Plant Finder for a list of plants and butterflies native to your county.
More about fire resistant landscaping with pictures and descriptions of plants can be found at Fire Resistant Plants.
Naturescaping for Birds, Bees and Butterflies
Oregon Native Landscape Plants
Oregon Invasive Weeds
No One Wins an Argument, Everyone Wins a Discussion