Scientific name USDA Zone Height X Width Description Common name Water Exposure WL=Wildlife PPL=Portland Plant List Perennials Achillea millefolium 3 30" X 2' Native. White, flat flowers in sum- Common Yarrow Low Sun-Part mer, good cut. WL butterflies PPL Anaphalis margaritacea 3 2' X 1' Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery Pearly Everlasting L-M Sun white flowers. WL butterfly PPL Aquilegia formosa 3 15" X 15" Native. Red/yellow flowers in May Red Columbine Low Sun-Part to Aug. WL humming. butterfly PPL Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 2 8" X 4' Native evergreen. Pink flowers. Kinnikinnick Low Sun-Part Berries. WL bird bees butrfly PPL Armeria maritima 4 10" X 1' Native evergreen. Pink or white Sea Thrift Med. Sun-Part flowers. WL hummingbird butter Aruncus sylvester 4 3' X 3' Native. Creamy white flowers in PNP Goatsbeard Med. Shade-Part June to July. WL bird bee butrfly Asclepias cordfolia 4 4' X 3' Native. Lilac flowers July to Sept. Showy Milkweed Med. Sun WL hummingbird, Monarch butterfly Aster subspicatus 5 2' X 2' Native. Drought tolerant. Purple Douglas Aster Med. Sun flowers. WL hummingbird butterfly Balsamorhiza sagittata 4 15" X 15" Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow Arrowleaf Balsamroot Low Sun spring flowers. WL insect butrfly Campanula rotundifolia 4 15" X 1' Blue bell shaped flowers. Drought Bellflower Low Sun-Part tolerant. WL hummingbirds butrfly Carex obnupta 5 2' X 2' Native. Grass-like. Spreads easily. Slough Sedge M-H Sun-Part Great erosion control. WL birds Carex tumulicola 8 18" X 18" Native evergreen grass. Tuft of Berkeley Sedge Med. Sun-Part narrow green leaves. WL birds PPL Cornus canadensis 1 3" X 2' Native. White flowers in spring. Bunchberry Med. Sun-Shade Red berries. WL birds butrfly PPL Delphinium trolliifolium 3' X 1' Native. Long spike of purplish blue Poison Larkspur Med. Shade-Part flowers. WL butterfly, hummers Dicentra formosa 3 12" X 18" Native. Dark fern-like leaves. Pink Western Bleeding Heart Low Shade-Part flowers. WL butterfly hummers PPL Digitalis purpurea 4 4' X 1' Spike of white to pink spotted Pink Foxglove Med. Part shade flowers. Poisonous leaves.WL Bees Echinacea purpurea 4 2' X 3' Showy flowers of drooping purple Purple Coneflower Med. Sun-Part petals in summer. WL bird butrfly Echinops exaltatus 4 3' X 1' Coarse, gray-green leaves. Steel Globe thistle Med. Sun blue flowers. WL bird butterflies Eleocharis palustris 4 3' X 3' Native wetland plant. Seed heads on Creeping Spike-rush High Sun 3' spikes. WL birds amphibians Elymus glaucus 4 2' X 2' Native. Dense clumps of blue gray Blue Wild Rye Low Sun-Part grass. WL birds PPL Eriogonum umbellatum 4 3' X 2' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Sulphur Flower Low Sun Yellow flowers. WL bird butterfly Eryngium amethystinum 4 2' X 1' Thistle-like plant. Steel blue or Sea holly Low Sun amethyst flowers. WL butterflies Festuca idahoensis 5 1' X 1' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Idaho Fescue Low Sun Blue foliage. WL birds butterfly Festuca roemeri 7 2' X 2' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Roemer's Fescue Low Sun Blue foliage. WL birds butterfly Fragaria chiloensis 4 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. White Wild Strawberry Med. Sun-Part flowers. Berries. WL birds bees Fragaria vesca 6 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. PPL Wood Strawberry Low Sun-Part Drought tolerant. WL birds bees Fragaria virginiana 5 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. PPL Wild Strawberry Low Sun-Part Drought tolerant. WL birds bees Gaillardia aristata 3 2' X 2' Native. Daisy-like yellow, bronze Blanket Flower Low Sun or red flowers. WL bird butterfly Gaultheria ovatifolia 8 3" X 12" Native evergreen groundcover. Pink Oregon Wintergreen High Part Sun flowers. Red berries. WL birds Heuchera micrantha 4 18" X 18" Native. Drought tolerant. White Alum Root Low Sun-Part flowers May-Aug. WL hummingbirds Iris dougasiana 5 15" X 15" Native. Cream to purple flowers PPL Douglas iris Med. Shade-Part in May. WL hummingbirds butterfly Juncus ensofolius 5 2' X 2' Native evergreen. Tolerates wet Common Rush Med. Sun soil. WL birds PPL Lupinus rivularis 2' X 2' Native. Purple-blue flowers in PNP Stream-bank Lupine Med. Part Sun spring. WL hummingbird butterfly Monarda didyma 4 2' X 18" White, scarlet, or purple flowers Bee balm, Bergamot Med. Sun Jun-Aug. WL butterflies hummingb. Penstemon richardsonii 2' X 2' Native. Pinkish flowers in late Richardson's Penstemon Med. Part Sun summer. WL hummingbird butterfly Penstemon serrulatus 18" X 18" Native. Purple flower in summer.PPL Cascade Penstemon Med. Part Sun WL hummingbirds butterflies bees Phygelius capensis 7 3' X 3' Red, coral, pink or yellow tubular Cape Fuchsia Low Sun-Shade flowers all summer. WL hummingbi. Rubus pedatus 4 2" X 6' Evergreen groundcover. Small white Trailing Raspberry Low Sun-Part flowers. Fruit. WL birds mammals Rubus calycinoides 7 6" X 3' Evergreen groundcover. Small white Creeping Raspberry Low Sun-Part flowers. Edible fruit. WL birds Rudbeckia hirta 3 30" X 2' Large yellow flowers with brown Black Eyed Susan Med. Sun center from June to Oct. WL bees Scabiosa columbaria 5 18" X 18" Blue, pink or white flowers June to Pincushion Low Sun-Part frost. WL hummingbird butterflies Scirpus microcarpus 5 3' X 3' Native wetland plant. White flowers Small Flowered Bulrush High Sun-Part in summer. WL birds PPL Sedum lanceolatum 5 3" X 1' Native groundcover. Yellow flowers Stonecrop Low Sun in late spring. WL butterflies Sedum oreganum 7 3" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. Oregon Stonecrop L-M Sun Yellow summer flowers. WL butrfly Sedum spathulifolium 5 4" X 4" Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Stonecrop Low Sun-Part Yellow flowers. WL butterflies Sidalcea campestris 7 4' X 18" Pink or red flowers resemble holly- Meadow Checkermallow Med. Sun-Part hocks. WL hummingbird butterflies Smilacina racemosa 3 3' X 1' Tall plumes of fuzzy white flowers. False Solomon's Seal M-H Shade-Part Speckled fruit. WL birds PPL Smilacina stellata 3 18" x 18" Native. White flowers in spring to Starry False Solom. Seal M-H Shade-Part summer. Fruit. WL birds PPL Solidago canadensis 4 3' X 3' Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow Goldenrod Low Sun flower. WL birds bees butrfly PPL Thymus species 4 4" X 1' Aromatic leaves with tiny red to Thyme Low Sun-Part blue flowers. WL bees butterflies Typha latifolia 4 6' X 4' Native bog plant. Makes thick Cattails High Sun clumps in moist soil. WL bird PPL Shrubs Amelanchier alnifolia 4 10' X 6' Native. White flowers in Spring.PPL Saskatoon,Serviceberry Med. Sun-Part Berries. WL birds mammals butrfly Arbutus unedo 'Compacta' 7 8' X 6' Evergreen. Pink flowers. Edible red Compact Strawberry Tree Low Sun-Shade fruit.WL butterflies hummingbirds Arctostaphylos columbiana 7 6' X 6' Native evergreen. Pink flowers. Hairy Manzanita Low Sun WL birds butterflies mammals Azalea occidentale 4 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Fragrant pink Western Azalea Med. Sun-Part flowers. WL hummingbird butterfly Berberis thunbergii 4 5' X 5' Yellow flowers and red berries. Japanese Barberry Med. Sun-Part Thorns. WL birds butterflies Berberis verruculosa 6 3'X 3' Evergreen. Purplish flowers. Black Warty Barberry Med. Sun berries. Thorns. WL birds butrfly Ceanothus integerrimus 5 8' X 6' Native evergreen. Blue flowers. Mountain Lilac, Deer Brush Low Sun-Part WL hummingbirds butterflies deer Ceanothus velutinus var laeve. 1 15" X 15" Native evergreen. White flower. PPL Mountain Balm Low Sun WL hummingbirds butterflies deer Cornus sericea occidentalis 3 8' X 8' Native deciduous. White flowers. Red Osier Dogwood Med. Sun-Part Berries. WL birds butterflies PPL Corylus cornuta var. califor. 3 20' X 20' Native deciduous. Suckers freely. Hazelnut Med. Sun-Part for hedge. Fall yellow.WL mammals Cotoneaster horizontalis 5 2' X 4' Evergreen. White flowers in spring. Cotoneaster Low Sun-Shade Red/orange berries. WL birds bees Escallonia exoniensis 7 5' X 5' Evergreen. Pink or red flowers May- Escallonia Med. Sun-Part August. WL butterflies hummers Fuchsia magellanica 4 4' X 4' Native deciduous. Violet, white and Hardy Fuchsia High Part Shade red flowers. WL birds butterflies Garrya elliptica 5 8' X 8' Native evergreen. Leaves with woolly Coast Silk Tassel Low Sun-Part catkins Jan. WL birds butterflies Gaultheria shallon 6 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Pink flowers in Salal L-M Sun-Shade spring. WL birds butterflies PPL Holodiscus discolor 4 12' X 10' Native deciduous. White flower in Oceanspray Low Sun-Part spring. WL birds butterflies PPL Juniperus communis 3 1' X 6' Evergreen. Many forms. Very drought Common Juniper Low Sun tolerant. Berries. WL birds Lavandula species 6 3' X 3' Evergreen. Gray leaves with flowers Lavender Low Sun July-Aug. WL butterflies hummers Lonicera involucrata 3 8' X 7' Native deciduous. Yellow flowers in Black Twinberry Med. Sun-Part May. Berries. WL birds butterfly Mahonia aquifolium 5 5' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Oregon Grape Low Sun-Shade March. WL birds butterflies PPL Mahonia nervosa 6 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Leatherleaf Mahonia L-M Shade-Part spring. WL birds butterflies. PPL Mahonia repens 4 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Leatherleaf Mahonia Low Shade-Part spring. Berries. WL birds butterfly Myrica californica 7 10' X 8' Native evergreen. Excellent hedge California Wax Myrtle Low Sun-Shade or screen. Berries. WL birds deer Oemleria cerasiformis 6 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Drought Tolerant. Indian Plum Low Shade-Part Yellow flower.WL birds mammal PPL Philadelphus lewisii 4 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Fragrant white Native Mockorange Low Sun-Part flowers. WL birds butterflies PPL Physocarpus capitatus 2 6' X 6' Native deciduous. White flowers in Native Ninebark Med. Sun-Shade spring. Wet soil OK. WL birds PPL Potentilla fruticosa 3 3' X 3' Deciduous. Yellow flowers all Potentilla Med. Sun summer. WL birds butterflies Prunus virginiana 2 15' X 10' Native deciduous. Clusters of white Choke Cherry Med. Sun-Part flower. Berries. WL birds butterfly Rhododendron macrophyllum 5 8' x 8' Native Evergreen. Pink flowers in Pacific Rhododendron Med. Shade-Part late spring. WL bird bee butterfly Ribes sanguineum 5 6' X 4' Native deciduous. Red flowers. Red Flowering Currant L-M Sun-Shade Berries. WL birds butterfly PPL Rosa nutkana 5 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Pink roses in Nootka Rose L-M Sun-Part June. WL bird butrfly mammals PPL Rosa woodsii 5 6' x 6' Native deciduous. Pink flowers in Wood's Rose Med. Sun-Part Summer. WL bird butterfly mammals Rubus parviflorus 3 4' X 4' Native deciduous. White flowers in Thimbleberry L-M Sun-Shade May. Berries. WL bird butrfly PPL Rubus spectabilis 7 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Deep pink flowers Salmonberry M-H Sun-Part WL birds butterflies mammals PPL Sambucus cerulea 4 12' X 8' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Blue Elderberry Low Sun-Part WL birds bees butterflies mammals Sambucus racemosa 4 12' X 10' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Red Elderberry Low Sun WL birds bees butterflies mammals Shepherdia argenteus 2 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Silver gray. Red Silver Buffalo Berry Any Sun-Part berries. WL birds mammals Sorbus scopulina 3 10' X 10' Native deciduous. Drougnt tolerant. Cascade Mountain Ash Low Sun White flowers. WL birds butterfly Spiraea douglasi 4 5' X 4' Native deciduous. Clusters of pink Hardhack Spirea Med. Sun-Part flowers. WL birds butterflies PPL Symphoricarpos albus 3 4' X 4' Native deciduous. White flowers in Common Snowberry Low Sun-Shade May. Berries. WL bird butrfly PPL Vaccinium membranaceum 5 4' X 4' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Thin-leaf Huckleberry Low Shade White flowers. WL birds bees Vaccinium ovatum 7 4' X 4' Native evergreen. Pink flowers. Evergreen Huckleberry Med. -Shade-Part Berries. WL birds butterflies PPL Vaccinium parvifolium 5 6' X 6' Native deciduous. Pink flowers in Red Huckleberry Med. Part Shade Berries.WL birds bees butrfly PPL Viburnum edule 4 8' X 6' Deciduous. White flowers and red Squashberry Med. Sun-Part berries. Red in fall. WL birds Viburnum trilobum 2 10' X 10' Native deciduous. White flowers in High Bush Cranberry Med. Sun-Part spring. Fruit. WL birds mammals Trees Abies grandis 5 200' X 40' Native pyramidal evergreen. Likes Grand Fir Med. Sun-Part cool soil.WL birds,butterfly PPL Abies procera 5 90' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. Short Noble Fir Med. Sun-Part stiff branches. WL birds, butterfly Acer circinatum 6 15' X 10' Native tree with multiple trunks. Vine Maple Med. Sun-Part Red Fall leaves.WL birds bees PPL Acer macrophyllum 5 70' X 30' Native. Large tree with big leaves. Bigleaf Maple L-M Shade-Part Yellow in Fall. WL birds bees PPL Alnus rubra 4 80' X 40' Native. Fast growing. Yellow fall Red Alder High Sun-Part leaves. WL birds butterflies Arbutus menziesii 3 40' X 20' Native evergreen. White flowers in Madrone Low Sun-Part spring. WL birds butrfly mammals Betula papyrifera 2 50' X 35' Oval shape. White bark. Yellow fall Paper Or Canoe Birch Med. Sun leaves. WL birds butterflies Calocedrus decurrens 6 75' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fra- Incense Cedar Low Sun-Part grant twigs. WL birds mammals Cornus nuttallii 4 40' X 20' Native. Large white flowers in May. Pacific Dogwood Low Sun-Part Red Fall. WL bird butterflies PPL Corylus cornuta 12' X 10' Native. Edible nuts called filberts. Western Hazelnut Med Sun-Part WL birds, mammals PPL Crataegus douglasii 5 30'X 20' Native. Clusters of white flowers. Oregon Hawthorn Med. Sun-Part Berries. WL birds butterflies Juniperus scopulorum 3 15' X 8' Pyramidal evergreen. Silvery blue Rocky Mountain Juniper Low Sun needles. WL birds butterflies Malus fusca 4 25' X 25' Native. White flowers in spring. Pacific Crabapple Med. Sun-Part Fruit. WL birds butterflies Picea sitchensis 5 150' X 30' Native pyramidal evergreen. Moist Sitka Spruce L-M Sun-Part but drained soil. WL birds PPL Pinus contorta contorta 5 25' X 25' Native rounded evergreen. Drought Shore Pine Low Sun and salt tolerant.WL bird butterfly Pinus contorta latifolia 4 80' X 20' Native evergreen. Tall narrow tree. Lodgepole Pine Low Sun Short needles. WL birds mammals Pinus contorta murrayana 4 60' X 25' Native evergreen. Slow growing. Murrayana Pine Low Sun Narrow in groves.WL birds mammals Pinus ponderosa 3 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Long needles. PPL Ponderosa Pine Low Sun Black and orange bark. WL birds Populus tremuloides 3 30' X 15' Native. Leaves flutter in a slight Quaking Aspen Med. Sun-Part breeze. WL birds butterflies PPL Prunus emarginata 'mollis' 4 70' X 30' Native. Small white flowers. Small Bitter Cherry Med. Sun-Shade cherries. WL bird butrfly mammals Pseudotsuga menziesii 4 200' X 50' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fast Douglas Fir L-M Sun-Part growing. WL birds,butterflies PPL Quercus garryana 6 65' X 50' Native. Red fall leaves. Needs PPL Oregon White Oak Low Sun drainage. WL bird butrfly mammals Rhus glabra 3 12' X 15' Native. Drought tolerant. Red fall Smooth Sumac Low Sun leaves. Berries. WL birds butterfly Salix spp. 3 30' X 30' Native. Used to stabilize stream Native Willows High Sun banks. WL birds butrfly mammals Thuja plicata 5 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Narrow with Western Red Cedar Any Shade-Part drooping branches. WL birds PPL Tilia cordata 3 40' X 25' Densely pyramidal. Yellow fall Little Leaf Linden Med. Sun-Part leaves. WL hummingbirds Tsuga heterophylla 4 60' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. White Western Hemlock Med. Sun needles. WL birds,butterflies PPL Tsuga mertensiana 4 30' X 15' Native evergreen. Slow growing. Mountain Hemlock Med. Sun-Part Thrives on cool slope. WL birds Native Vines Lonicera cilosa 5 15' X 15' Native deciduous. Orange-yellow Orange Honeysuckle Low shade flowers. WL birds butterflies Lonicera hispidula 5 12' X 12' Native. Drought tolerant. Pink Hairy Honeysuckle Low Sun-Part flowers in summer. WL birds
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