Oregon Native Landscape Plants

by Rod Smith

Former Iowa Certified Nurseryman and
Oregon Certified Nursery Professional

© 2008-2021 Rodney A. Smith
All rights reserved.
Click on Native Plant Nurseries for a list of native plant nurseries.

CAUTION. If you click on a link and a blank screen opens, then connects to a strange website, close the new window immediately. The link will work correctly on the second try.

You can find plants by common name by clicking on Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Perennials

Click on underlined plant names to see a picture.

PPL indicates that the plant is included in the Portland Plant List.

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure

Native Perennials and Groundcovers
Achillea millefolium             3 30" X 2'   Native. White, flat flowers in sum-
  Common Yarrow               Low  Sun-Part     mer. Good cut/dried flowers.  PPL
Achyls triphylla                   10" X 6"   Native. Three lobed leaf with stalk
  Vanilla Leaf                Med. Shade-Part   of white flowers above leaf.  PPL
Adiantum aleuticum               5 18" X 18"  Native. Delicate looking leaves
  Northern Maidenhair Fern    Med. Shade        with black stems.             PPL
Alisma gramineum                 5 12" X 12"  Native. White flowers in Summer.
  Narrow-leaf Water Plaintain High Sun          Needs constantly wet soil.    PPL
Allium cernuum                   4 15" X 12"  Native. Pink flowers in summer.
  Nodding Onion               Med. Sun          Great for rock gardens.       PPL
Anaphalis margaritacea           3 2' X 1'    Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery
  Pearly Everlasting          L-M  Sun          white flowers in late Summer.
Antennaria argentea (luzuloides) 5 15" x 15"  Native. Drought tolerant. White
  Silver Pussytoes            Low  Sun          flowers in June.
Aquilegia formosa                3 15' X 15'  Native. Red flowers in May to Aug.
  Red Columbine               Low  Sun-Part     Attracts hummers, butterflies.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi          2 8" X 4'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers.
  Kinnikinnick                Low  Sun-Part     Red berries. Good groundcover.PPL
Armeria maritima                 4 10" X 1'   Native evergreen. Mound of leaves.
  Sea Thrift                  Med. Sun-Part     Pink or white flowers April-June.
Aruncus sylvester                4 4' X 3'    Native. Creamy white flowers in
  Goatsbeard                  Med. Shade-Part   June and July.
Asarum caudatum                  4 4" X 2'    Native. Large, heart shaped leaves.
  Wild Ginger                 High Shade-Part   Brown flowers early Spring.
Asclepias cordifolia             4 4' X 3'    Native. Lilac flowers July to Sept.
  Showy Milkweed              Med. Sun          Feeds hummers, Monarch butterfly.
Aster subspicatus                5 2' X 2'    Native. Drought tolerant. Purple
  Douglas Aster               Med. Sun          flowers in summer to fall.
Athyrium filix-femina            4 2' X 2'    Fine double cut leaves arch up and
  Lady Fern                   Med. Shade-Part   out.                          PPL
Balsamorhiza sagittata           4 15" X 15"  Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow
  Arrowleaf Balsamroot        Low  Sun          flowers in spring.
Blechnum spicant                 7 2' X 2'    Low spreading sterile fronds and
  Deer Fern                   Med. Shade-Part   upright fertile fronds.       PPL
Boykinia occidentalis            7 18" x 2'    Native. White flowers summer to
  Western Boykinia            Med. Shade        fall.                         PPL
Camassia quamash                 6 18" X 12"  Native bulb. Blue flowers in
  Common Camas                High Sun-Part     spring.                       PPL
Carex barbarae                   5 30" X 30"  Native. Wetlands. Used by native
  Santa Barbara Sedge         High Sun          Americans to weave baskets.
Carex obnupta                    5 2' X 2'    Native. Grass-like. Spreads easily.
  Slough Sedge                M-H  Sun-Part     Great for erosion control.    PPL
Carex tumulicola                 8 18" X 18"  Native evergreen grass. Tuft of
  Foothill Sedge              Med. Sun-Part     narrow green leaves.          PPL
Ceanothus prostratus             5 4" X 3'    Native. Drought tolerant. Purple or
  Prostrate Ceanothus         Low  Sun          blue flowers in June. Groundcover
Clarkia amoena                   4 30" x 2'   Native annual. Drought tolerant.
  Farewell-to-spring          Low  Sun          Pink flowers in June. Bees.   PPL
Cornus unalaschkensis            1 3" X 2'    Deciduous. White flowers in
  Western Bunchberry          Med. Sun-Shade    spring. Red berries in fall.  PPL
Deschampsia caespitosa           4 18" X 12"  Native. Dark green clump of grass.
  Tufted Hair Grass           High Sun-Part     Seed stalks produce plantlets.PPL
Dicentra formosa                 3 12" X 18"  Native. Dark fern-like leaves.
  Western Bleeding Heart      Low  Shade-Part   Pink flowers April to June.   PPL
Disporum hookeri                   18" X 18"  Native. Nodding white flowers in
  Hooker's Fairy-bell         Med. Sun-Shade    spring. Red berries.          PPL
Dodecatheon hendersonii          5 1' x 1'    Native. Pink flowers in spring.
  Broad-Leaved Shooting Star  Low  Sun-Part     Needs good drainage. Bees.    PPL
Dodecatheon pulchellum           5 1' x 1'    Native. Magenta flowers in spring.
  Few Flowered Shooting Star  Med. Sun-Part     Feeds bees.                   PPL
Dryas octopetala                   6" X 6"    Native evergreen groundcover. White
  Mountain Avens              Low  Sun          flowers in summer.
Eleocharis palustris             4 3' X 3'    Native wetland plant. Seed heads on
  Creeping Spike-rush         High Sun	        3' spikes for birds.          PPL
Elymus glaucus                   4 2' X 2'    Native. Dense clumps of blue grass.
  Blue Wild Rye               Low  Sun          blue grass.                   PPL
Erigeron decumbens               7 18' X 18"  Native evergreen. Light purple
  Seaside Daisy               Med. Sun-Part     flowers spring to fall.       PPL
Erigeron speciosus               3 18" X 18"  Native. Drought tolerant. Lavender
  Showy Fleabane              Med. Sun          petals with yellow center. Summer
Eriogonum nudum                  4 3' X 2'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Barestem Buckwheat          Low  Sun          Yellow flowers summer. Bees.  PPL
Eriophyllum lanatum              5 18" X 18"  Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow
  Oregon Sunshine             Low  Sun          flowers spring to summer.     PPL
Erythronium oregonum             6 12" X 6"   Native. Showy white flowers in
  White Fawn Lily             Med. Part Shade   spring. Dark marks on leaves. PPL
Eschscholzia californica         5 1' X 2'    Yellow, pink, or white poppies all
  California Poppy            L-M  Sun          summer. Attracts bees.        PPL
Festuca occidentalis             4 2' X 2'    Native. Drought tolerant. Blue-
  Western Fescue              Low  Sun-Part     green foliage.                PPL
Festuca roemeri                  7 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Roemer's Fescue             Low  Sun          Blue-green foliage.           PPL
Festuca subulata                 5 1' X 1'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Bearded Fescue              Low  Sun          Red seed heads.               PPL
Fragaria chiloensis              4 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover. White
  Wild Strawberry             Med. Sun-Part     flowers in spring. Red berries.
Fragaria vesca                   6 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.
  Wood Strawberry             Low  Sun-Part     Drought tolerant.             PPL
Fragaria virginiana              5 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.
  Wild Strawberry             Low  Sun-Part     Drought tolerant.             PPL
Gaillardia aristata              3 2' X 2'    Native. Daisy-like yellow, bronze
  Blanket Flower              Low  Sun          or red flowers for butterflies.
Gaultheria ovatifolia            8 3" X 12"   Native evergreen groundcover. Pink
  Oregon Wintergreen          High Part Sun     flowers in summer. Edible berries
Gilia capitata                   4 6" X 1'    Native. Blue flowers in spring.
  Bluehead Gilia              Med. Sun          Drought tolerant. Butterlies. PPL
Helenium hoopesii                4 3' x 1'    Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow-
  Orange Sneezeweed           Med. Sun          orange flowers in summer
Heracleum maximum                4 4' X 4'    Native. Huge clusters of white flowers.
  Cow parsnip                 Med. Sun-Part     Attracts bees, butterflies.   PPL
Heuchera micrantha               4 18" X 18"  Native. Drought tolerant. White
  Alum Root                   Low  Sun-Part     flowers spring to summer.     PPL
Iris douglasiana                 5 15" X 15"  Native. Cream to purple flowers
  Douglas iris                Med. Shade-Part   in May. Attracts hummingbirds.
Iris missouriensis               4 2' X 1'    Native. Blue t deep violet flowers
  Rocky Mountain Iris         Med. Sun          in May. Likes wet soil.
Iris tenax                       5 15" X 18"  Native. Purple flowers with yellow
  Oregon iris                 Low  Sun-Part     or white. Drought tolerant.   PPL
Juncus ensofolius                5 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Tolerates wet
  Dagger-leaf Rush            Med. Sun          soil.                         PPL
Lewisia columbiana               4 6" X 8"    Native evergreen. Light pink flo-
  Columbia lew., Bitterroot   Low  Sun          wers. Needs good drainage.
Ligustichum apIifolium           7 3' X 3'    Native. Drought tolerant. White
  Parsley-leaf Lovage         Low  Sun          flowers in June.              PPL
Lilium columbianum                 30" X 12"  Native. Orange flowers with purplish
  Tiger Lily                  Med. Sun-Part     spots in summer.              PPL
Limnanthes douglasii               15" X 15"  Native self sowing annual.  Yellow
  Douglas' Meadowfoam         High Sun          and white spring flowers.
Linum lewisii                    5 15" X 12"  Native. Delicate blue flowers on
  Blue Flax                   Low  Sun          slender stalks. Drought tolerant.
Lupinus polyphyllus                4' X 1'    Native. Short lived but reseeds.PPL
  Large-leaved Lupine         L-M  Sun-Shade    Blue purple or violet flowers.PPL
Lupinus rivularis                  2' X 2'    Native. Purple-blue flowers in
  Stream-bank Lupine          Med. Part Sun     spring.                       PPL
Lysichitum armericanus           6 2' X 1'    Native. Yellowish flower in May.
  Skunk Cabbage               High Sun-Part     Needs wet soil.               PPL
Maianthemum dilatatum              1' X 1'    Native. White flowers in spring to
  False Lily of the Valley    M-H  Part Sun     summer. Spreads.              PPL
Mimulus guttatus                5  18" X 18"  Native. Yellow flowers in spring to
  Yellow Monkey Flower        M-H  Sun-Part     summer. Attracts hummingbirds.PPL
Nemophila menziesii                6" X 12"   Native annual. Self sowing. Blue
  Baby Blue Eyes              M-H  Part Shade   flowers in spring.            PPL
Nuphar polysepala                4 1' X 2'    Native. Yellow flowers in summer.
  Yellow Water Lily           High Sun          Grows in 3' to 5' deep water. PPL
Oxalis oregana                   7 6" X 30"   Native groundcover for shade. White
  Wood Sorrel                 Med. Shade-Part   flowers April-August.         PPL
Penstemon richardsonii             2' X 2'    Native. Pinkish flowers in late
  Richardson's Penstemon      Med. Part Sun     summer to fall.               PPL
Penstemon serrulatus               18" X 18"  Native. Purple flowers in summer.
  Cascade Penstemon           Med. Sun-Part     Good cut flowers.             PPL
Petasites frigidus                 15" X 15"  Native. White flowers in spring.
  Sweet Coltsfoot             High Shade-Part   Large round leaves.           PPL
Phlox diffusa                      4" X 1'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers in
  Spreading Phlox             Med. Sun          spring.
Polemonium pulcherimum           5 10" X 10"  Native. Drought tolerant. Blue
  Jacob's Ladder              Low  Sun          flowers in June.
Polypodium glycyrrhiza             10" X 10"  Native evergreen. Edible root
  Licorice Fern               High Shade        tastes like licorice.         PPL
Polystichum munitum              5 3' X 3'    Native evergreen. Excellent for
  Western Sword Fern          L-M  Shade-Part   woodsy area. Tolerates dry.   PPL
Potentilla pacifica                6" X 1'    Native groundcover. Yellow flowers
  Pacific Silverweek          Med. Sun          in spring to summer.
Rubus pedatus                    4 2" X 6'    Native evergreen groundcover. Small
  Evergreen Blackberry        Low  Sun-Part     white flowers. Edible red fruit.
Sagittaria latifolia             4 2' X 2'    Native. White flowers in late sum-
  Wapato                      High Sun          mer. Produces edible tuber.   PPL
Saxifraga rufidula                 6" X 6"    Native. White flowers in spring to
  Rusty-hair Saxifrage        High Part Shade   summer.
Scabiosa columbaria              5 18" X 18"  Blue, pink or white flowers June to
  Pincushion                  Low  Sun-Part     frost. WL hummingbird butterflies
Scirpus microcarpus              5 3' X 3'    Native. White flowers in summer.
  Small Flowered Bulrush      High Sun-Part                                   PPL
Sedum lanceolatum                5 3" X 1'    Native groundcover. Yellow flowers
  Stonecrop                   Low  Sun          in late spring. Drought tolerant.
Sedum oreganum                   7 3" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.
  Oregon Stonecrop            L-M  Sun          Yellow flowers in summer.     PPL
Sedum spathulifolium             5 4" X 4"    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Spatula-leaf Stonecrop      Low  Sun-Part     Yellow flowers May to July.   PPL
Sidalcea campestris              7 4' X 18"   Native. Drought tolerant.
  Meadow-Checkermallow        Med. Sun          Feeds bees and butterflies.   PPL
Sisyrinchium bellum              8 10" X 8"   Native. Drought tolerant. Blue
  Blue-eyed Grass             Low  Sun          flowers spring to summer.
Sisyrinchium californicum        8 15" X 15"  Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow
  Yellow-eyed Grass           Low  Part Sun     spring flowers attract butterfly.
Sisyrinchium douglasii             12" X 12"  Native. Reddish-purple flowers in
  Grass-widow                 Med. Sun          spring.
Sisyrinchium idahoense           4 12" X 12"  Native. Blueish-purple flowers in
  Blue-eyed Grass             Med. Sun          spring.                       PPL
Smilacina racemosa               3 3' X 1'    Tall plumes of fuzzy white flowers.
  False Solomon's Seal         M-H Shade-Part    Red & white speckled fruit.
Smilacina stellata                 18" x 18"  Native. White flowers in spring to
  Starry False Solomon's Seal L-M  Shade-Part   summer.
Solidago canadensis              4 3' X 3'    Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow
  Goldenrod                   Low  Sun          flowers summer to fall.       PPL
Synthyris reniformis               3" X 3"    Native. Purple late winter
  Spring Queen                Med. Part Shade   to spring.                    PPL
Tellima grandiflora                2" X 1'    Native. Fragrant pink flowers in
  Fringe Cup                  Med. Shade-Part   spring-early summer. Spreads. PPL
Thalictrum occidentale           6 30' X 30'  Native. Drought tolerant. Pink and
  Western Meadowrue           Med. Part Shade   green flowers spring-summer.  PPL
Tiarella trifoliata                10" X 12"  Native. Small white flowers in dense
  Foamflower                  Med. Shade        patches.                      PPL
Tolmiea menziesii                  2' X 2'    Native. Maroon flowers in spring to
  Piggyback Plant             M-H  Shade-Part   Summer. Spreads.              PPL
Trillium ovatum                  4 1' X 6"    Native. Three leaves with white
  Western Trillium            Med. Shade-Part   flowers in March. Acid soil.  PPL
Typha latifolia                  4 6' X 4'    Native bog plant. Makes thick
  Cattails                    High Sun          clumps in moist soil.         PPL
Vancouveria hexandra               10" X 8"   Native. White flowers spring to
  Inside-out Flower           L-M  Sun-Shade    summer.                       PPL
Veratrum californicum            3 5' X 2'    Native. Green flowers May-June.
  Corn Lily                   High Shade-Part   Deep veined leaves. Poisonous.PPL
Viola adunca                       4" X 6"    Native. Purple flowers in spring to
  Early Blue Violet           Med. Shade-Part   summer. Attracts butterflies. PPL
Viola glabella                   6 8" X 8"    Native. Small heart-shaped flowers.
  Yellow Wood Violet          Med. Shade-Part   Small yellow spring flowers.  PPL
Viola sempervirens                 4" X 6"    Native evergreen. Pale yellow flow-
  Evergreen Violet            Med. Shade-Part   er.                           PPL
Woodwardia fimbriata             8 6' X 5'    Native. Drought tolerant. Evergreen
  Giant Chain Fern            Med. Part Shade   fronds.
Xerophyllum tenax                3 5' X 3"    Native evergreen. Grass like leaves
  Beargrass                   Low  Sun-Part     and creamy plume flowers.

Shrubs
Amelanchier alnifolia            4 10' X 6'   Native. White flowers in Spring.
  Western Serviceberry        Med. Sun-Part     Purplish berries feed birds.  PPL
Arctostaphylos columbiana        7 6' X 6'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Hairy Manzanita             Low  Sun          Pink flowers in spring.       PPL
Azalea occidentale               4 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Fragrant flowers
  Western Azalea              Med. Sun-Part     for hummingbirds and butterflies.
Ceanothus integerrimus           5 8' X 6'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Mountain Lilac, Deer Brush  Low  Sun-Part     Blue flowers in late spring.
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus           7 8' X 8'    Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Blue Blossom                Low  Sun          Blue blossoms attract bees.
Ceanothus velutinus var. laeve.  1 15' X 15'  Native evergreen. Drought tolerant.
  Mountain Balm               Low  Sun          White flowers in mid-spring.  PPL
Cercocarpus ledifolius           3 12' X 10'  Evergreen. Yellow funnel flowers in
  Curl-leaf Mtn. Mahogany     Low  Sun-Part     spring. Drought tolerant.
Cornus sericea                   3 8' X 8'    Deciduous native. Drought tolerant.
  Red Osier Dogwood           Med. Sun-Part     White flowers in spring.      PPL
Corylus cornuta                  3 20' X 20'  Native deciduous. Suckers freely
  Hazelnut                    Med. Sun-Part     for hedge. Yellow Fall leaves.
Fuchsia magellanica              4 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. Violet, white and
  Hardy Fuchsia               High Part Shade   red flowers July-Oct.
Garrya elliptica                 5 8' X 8'    Native evergreen. Leaves with woolly
  Coast Silk Tassel           Low  Sun-Part     yellowish catkins in January.
Gaultheria shallon               6 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers in
  Salal                       L-M  Sun-Shade    spring. Black edible berries. PPL
Heteromeles arbutifolia          7 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Toyon                       Low  Sun          White flowers summer. Red berries
Holodiscus discolor              4 12' X 10'  Native deciduous. White flowers in
  Ocean Spray                 Low  Sun-Part     May to July. Drought tolerant.PPL
Ilex glabra                        10' X 6'   Native evergreen. Small flowers in
  Inkberry.                   High Part Shade   summer. Black berries for birds.
Juniperus communis               3 1' X 6'    Native evergreen. Many forms. Very
  Common Juniper              Low  Sun          drought tolerant. Berries.
Linnaea borealis                   6" X 2'    Native evergreen. Pairs of fragrant
  Twinflower                  Med. Sun-Part     pink flowers in May.          PPL
Lonicera involucrata             3 8' X 7'    Native deciduous. Yellow flowers in
  Black Twinberry             Med. Sun-Part     May. Black berries.           PPL
Mahonia aquifolium               5 5' X 3'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Oregon Grape                Low  Sun-Shade    March. Black, edible berries. PPL
Mahonia nervosa                  6 2' X 4'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Leatherleaf Mahonia         L-M  Sun-Part     spring. Drought tolerant.     PPL
Mahonia repens                   4 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Creeping Oregon Grape       L-M  Sun-Shade    spring. Blue berries in Fall.
Myrica californica               7 10' X 8'   Native evergreen. Excellent hedge
  California Wax Myrtle       Low  Sun-Shade    or screen.
Oemleria cerasiformis            6 8' X 5'    Native. Drought Tolerant. Yellow
  Indian Plum                 Low  Shade-Part   flowers in April.             PPL
Philadelphus lewisii             4 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Fragrant white
  Native Mockorange           Low  Sun-Part     summer flowers. Fall yellow.  PPL
Physocarpus capitatus            2 12' X 10'  Native. White flowers in spring.
  Native Ninebark             M-H  Sun-Part     Tolerates wet to medium soil. PPL
Populus trichocarpa                100' X 25' Native. Stabilizes stream banks.
  Black Cottonwood            Med. Sun          Cottony seeds.                PPL
Prunus virginiana                2 15' X 10'  Native deciduous. Clusters of white
  Choke Cherry                Med. Sun-Part     flowers. Black berries.
Rhododendron macrophyllum        5 8' x 8'    Native Evergreen. Pink flowers in
  Pacific Rhododendron        Med. Shade-Part   late spring.
Ribes sanguineum                 5 6' X 4'    Native deciduous. Red flowers in
  Red Flowering Currant       L-M  Sun-Shade    March and April. Dark berries.PPL
Rosa gymnocarpa                  5 5' X 3'    Native deciduous. Pink flowers in
  Baldhip Rose                L-M  Sun-Part     summer. Red hips feed birds.  PPL
Rosa nutkana                     3 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Pink roses in
  Nootka Rose                 L-M  Sun-Part     June. Orange hips feed birds. PPL
Rosa pisocarpa                   7 5' X 5'    Native deciduous. Pink roses in
  Swamp Rose                  L_M  Sun          May-July. Red hips feed birds.PPL
Rosa woodsii                     5 6' x 6'    Native deciduous. Drought Tolerant.
  Wood's Rose                 Med. Sun-Part     Pink flowers. Hips feed birds.
Rubus parviflorus                4 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. White flowers in
  Thimbleberry                L-M  Sun-Shade    May for hummers. Edible berry.PPL
Rubus spectabilis                7 5' X 5'    Native. Deep pink flowers in Spring
  Salmonberry                 M-H  Sun-Shade    and edible berries in Summer. PPL
Salix exigua                     4 15' X 15'  Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Narrowleaf Willow           Med. Shade        White catkins in spring.      PPL
Sambucus cerulea                 5 12' X 10'  Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Blue Elderberry             Low  Sun-Shade    Edible berries feed wildlife. PPL
Sambucus racemosa                4 12' X 10'  Native deciduous. Drought tolerant.
  Red Elderberry              Low  Sun          Inedible berries feed birds.  PPL
Shepherdia argenteus             2 8' X 5'    Native deciduous. Silver gray. Red
  Silver Buffalo Berry        Any  Sun-Part     berries attract birds.
Sorbus scopulina                 3 10' X 10'  Native. Drought tolerant. White
  Cascade Mountain Ash        Low  Sun
Spiraea lucinda                  4 30" X 30"  Native. Drought tolerant. White
  Shinyleaf Spirea            Med. Sun          flowers in late spring.       PPL
Spiraea douglasii                5 5' X 4'    Native. Clusters of pink flowers in
  Hardhack Spirea             Med. Sun-Part     summer. White leaf underside. PPL
Streptopus amplexifolius           30" X 1'   Native. Yellow flowers in May-July.
  Clasping Leaf Twisted-stalk Med. Shade-Part   Edible red berries.           PPL
Symphoricarpos albus             4 4' X 4'    Native deciduous. White flowers in
  Common Snowberry            L-M  Sun-Shade    May. White berries for birds. PPL
Symphoricarpos mollis            7 15" X 3'   Native deciduous. White flowers in
  Creeping Snowberry          Low  Sun-Shade    May. White berries for birds. PPL
Vaccinium membranaceum           5 4' X 4'    Native. Drought tolerant. White
  Thin-leaf Huckleberry       Low  Shade        flowers in summer. Edible fruit.
Vaccinium ovatum                 7 4' X 4'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers in
  Evergreen Huckleberry       Med. Shade-Part   spring. Edible black berries. PPL
Vaccinium parvifolium            5 6' X 6'    Native deciduous. White flowers in
  Red Huckleberry             Med. Part Shade   April-May. Edible red berries.PPL
Viburnum ellipticum              2 10' X 10'  Native deciduous. White flowers in
  Wild Raisin                 Med. Sun-Part     spring to summer.  Fall fruit.

Trees
Abies grandis                    5 200' X 40' Native. Pyramidal evergreen. Likes
  Grand Fir                   Med. Sun-Part     cool, moist soil.             PPL
Abies lasiocarpa                 5 25' X 15'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.
  Alpine Fir                  Med. Sun-Part     Likes cool, moist soil.
Abies procera                    5 90' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. Short
  Noble Fir                   Med. Sun-Part     stiff branches.
Acer circinatum                  6 15' X 10'  Native tree with multiple trunks.
  Vine Maple                  Med. Sun-Part     Red Fall leaves.              PPL
Acer macrophyllum                5 70' X 60'  Native. Large spreading tree with
  Bigleaf Maple               L-M  Shade-Part   big leaves. Yellow in Fall.   PPL
Alnus rubra                      4 80' X 40'  Native. Fast growing. Yellow Fall
  Red Alder                   High Sun-Part     leaves. Attracts birds.       PPL
Arbutus menziesii                3 40' X 40'  Native evergreen. White flowers in
  Madrona                     Low  Sun-Part     Spring. Fruit.                PPL
Betula papyrifera                2 50' X 35'  Oval shape. White bark. Yellow Fall
  Paper Or Canoe Birch        Med. Sun          leaves.
Calocedrus decurrens             6 75' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. Fra-
  Incense Cedar               Low  Sun-Part     grant twigs.
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana         6 40' X 20'  Native evergreen. Pyramidal shape
  Port Orford Cedar           Med. Sun-Part     with drooping branches.
Chrysolepis chrysophylla           50' X 25'  Native evergreen. White flowers in
  Golden Chinquapin           Low  Sun-Part     spring. Nuts eaten by jays.
Cornus nuttallii                 4 40' X 20'  Native. Large white flowers in May.
  Pacific Dogwood             Low  Sun-Part     Red Fall leaves. Likes dry.   PPL
Corylus cornuta                    12' X 10'  Native. Edible nuts called filberts.
  Western Hazelnut            Med  Sun-Part                                   PPL
Crataegus douglasii              5 30'X 20'   Native. Clusters of white flowers.
  Oregon Hawthorn             Med. Sun-Part     Large edible scarlet berries.
Crataegus gaylussacia            7 30' x 20'  Native. White flowers in spring.
  Klamath Hawthorn            Low  Sun          Black fruit. Thorns.          PPL
Frangula purshiana                 25' X 15'  Native. Greenish-yellow flowers in
  Cascara buckthorn                             May-June. Berry attract birds.PPL
Juniperus scopulorum             3 15' X 8'   Pyramidal evergreen. Silvery blue
  Rocky Mountain Juniper      Low  Sun          needles. Drought tolerant.
Malus fusca                      4 25' X 25'  Native. White flowers in spring.PPL
  Pacific Crabapple           Med. Sun-Part     Yellow or red fruit attract birds
Picea sitchensis                 5 150' X 30' Native pyramidal evergreen. Moist
  Sitka Spruce                L-M  Sun-Part     but well drained soil.
Pinus contorta contorta          5 25' X 25'  Native rounded evergreen.
  Shore Pine                  Low  Sun          Drought and salt tolerant.
Pinus contorta latifolia         4 80' X 20'  Native evergreen. Tall narrow tree.
  Lodgepole Pine              Low  Sun          Short needles in bundles of two.
Pinus contorta murrayana         4 60' X 25'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.
  Murrayana Pine              Low  Sun          Narrow in groves, Wide alone.
Pinus ponderosa                  3 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Long needles.
  Ponderosa Pine              Low  Sun          Black and orange bark.        PPL
Populus tremuloides              3 30' X 15'  Native. Leaves flutter in a slight
  Quaking Aspen               Med. Sun-Part     breeze. Golden Fall leaves.   PPL
Prunus emarginata                4 70' X 30'  Native. Small white flowers. Small
  Bitter Cherry               Med. Shade-Part   bitter cherries attract birds.PPL
Prunus virginiana                2 20' X 20'  Native. White flowers in April.
  Chokecherry                 Med. Sun-Part     Yellow-orange fall leaves.    PPL
Pseudotsuga menziesii            4 200' X 50' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fast
  Douglas Fir                 L-M  Sun-Part     growing.                      PPL
Quercus garryana                 6 65' X 50'  Native. Red fall leaves. Needs good
  Oregon White Oak            Low  Sun          drainage.                     PPL
Rhamnus purshiana                  30' X 20'  Native. Purplish black berries
  Cascara, Buckthorn          Med. Sun-Part     attract birds.
Rhus glabra                      3 12' X 15'  Native. Drought tolerant. Red fall
  Smooth Sumac                Low  Sun          leaves. Red berries attract birds
Robinia pseudoacacia               50' X 30'  Native. Drought tolerant. White
  Black Locust                     Sun          flowers in May-June. Brown pods.
Salix spp.                       3 30' X 30'  Native. Used to stabilize stream
  Native Willows              High Sun          banks.
Thuja plicata                    5 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Narrow with
  Western Red Cedar           Any  Shade-Part   drooping branches.            PPL
Tsuga heterophylla               4 60' X 20'  Native pyramidal evergreen. White
  Western Hemlock             Med. Sun-Part     band on bottom of needles.    PPL
Tsuga mertensiana                4 30' X 15'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.
  Mountain Hemlock            Med. Sun-Part     Thrives on cool, moist slope.
Umbellularia californica         7 25' X 25'  Native evergreen. Slow growing.
  Oregon Myrtle               Low  Sun-Part     Tiny yellow flowers in spring.

Vines
Clematis columbiana              4 1' X 3'    Native. Drought tolerant. Violet-
  Rock Clematis               Med. Sun          blue flowers in spring.
Lonicera cilosa                  5 15' X 15'  Native. Drought tolerant. Orange
  Orange Honeysuckle          Low  Shade        flowers attract hummingbirds. PPL
Lonicera hispidula               5 12' X 12'  Native. Drought tolerant. Pink
  Pink Honeysuckle            Low  Sun-Part     flowers attract hummingbirds. PPL

Click on Native Plant Nurseries for a list of native plant nurseries in your area.

Click on Seven Oaks Nursery for pictures and descriptions of plants native to the Pacific Northwest.

Click on Native Plant Finder for a list of plants and butterflies native to your county.


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Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Perennials
Perennials by Flower Season and Height
Perennials in Alphabetical Order
Shrubs by Flower Season and Height
Shrubs in Alphabetical Order
Tree Color by Season and Height
Trees in Alphabetical Order
Vine Color by Season and Height
Vines in Alphabetical Order Naturescaping for Birds, Bees and Butterflies



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