PPL indicates that the plant is included in the Portland Plant List. Scientific name USDA Zone Height X Width Description Common name Water Exposure Native Perennials and Groundcovers Achillea millefolium 3 30" X 2' Native. White, flat flowers in sum- Common Yarrow Low Sun-Part mer. Good cut/dried flowers. PPL Achyls triphylla 10" X 6" Native. Three lobed leaf with stalk Vanilla Leaf Med. Shade-Part of white flowers above leaf. PPL Adiantum aleuticum 5 18" X 18" Native. Delicate looking leaves Northern Maidenhair Fern Med. Shade with black stems. PPL Alisma gramineum 5 12" X 12" Native. White flowers in Summer. Narrow-leaf Water Plaintain High Sun Needs constantly wet soil. PPL Allium cernuum 4 15" X 12" Native. Pink flowers in summer. Nodding Onion Med. Sun Great for rock gardens. PPL Anaphalis margaritacea 3 2' X 1' Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery Pearly Everlasting L-M Sun white flowers in late Summer. Antennaria argentea (luzuloides) 5 15" x 15" Native. Drought tolerant. White Silver Pussytoes Low Sun flowers in June. Aquilegia formosa 3 15' X 15' Native. Red flowers in May to Aug. Red Columbine Low Sun-Part Attracts hummers, butterflies. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 2 8" X 4' Native evergreen. Pink flowers. Kinnikinnick Low Sun-Part Red berries. Good groundcover.PPL Armeria maritima 4 10" X 1' Native evergreen. Mound of leaves. Sea Thrift Med. Sun-Part Pink or white flowers April-June. Aruncus sylvester 4 4' X 3' Native. Creamy white flowers in Goatsbeard Med. Shade-Part June and July. Asarum caudatum 4 4" X 2' Native. Large, heart shaped leaves. Wild Ginger High Shade-Part Brown flowers early Spring. Asclepias cordifolia 4 4' X 3' Native. Lilac flowers July to Sept. Showy Milkweed Med. Sun Feeds hummers, Monarch butterfly. Aster subspicatus 5 2' X 2' Native. Drought tolerant. Purple Douglas Aster Med. Sun flowers in summer to fall. Athyrium filix-femina 4 2' X 2' Fine double cut leaves arch up and Lady Fern Med. Shade-Part out. PPL Balsamorhiza sagittata 4 15" X 15" Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow Arrowleaf Balsamroot Low Sun flowers in spring. Blechnum spicant 7 2' X 2' Low spreading sterile fronds and Deer Fern Med. Shade-Part upright fertile fronds. PPL Boykinia occidentalis 7 18" x 2' Native. White flowers summer to Western Boykinia Med. Shade fall. PPL Camassia quamash 6 18" X 12" Native bulb. Blue flowers in Common Camas High Sun-Part spring. PPL Carex barbarae 5 30" X 30" Native. Wetlands. Used by native Santa Barbara Sedge High Sun Americans to weave baskets. Carex obnupta 5 2' X 2' Native. Grass-like. Spreads easily. Slough Sedge M-H Sun-Part Great for erosion control. PPL Carex tumulicola 8 18" X 18" Native evergreen grass. Tuft of Foothill Sedge Med. Sun-Part narrow green leaves. PPL Ceanothus prostratus 5 4" X 3' Native. Drought tolerant. Purple or Prostrate Ceanothus Low Sun blue flowers in June. Groundcover Clarkia amoena 4 30" x 2' Native annual. Drought tolerant. Farewell-to-spring Low Sun Pink flowers in June. Bees. PPL Cornus unalaschkensis 1 3" X 2' Deciduous. White flowers in Western Bunchberry Med. Sun-Shade spring. Red berries in fall. PPL Deschampsia caespitosa 4 18" X 12" Native. Dark green clump of grass. Tufted Hair Grass High Sun-Part Seed stalks produce plantlets.PPL Dicentra formosa 3 12" X 18" Native. Dark fern-like leaves. Western Bleeding Heart Low Shade-Part Pink flowers April to June. PPL Disporum hookeri 18" X 18" Native. Nodding white flowers in Hooker's Fairy-bell Med. Sun-Shade spring. Red berries. PPL Dodecatheon hendersonii 5 1' x 1' Native. Pink flowers in spring. Broad-Leaved Shooting Star Low Sun-Part Needs good drainage. Bees. PPL Dodecatheon pulchellum 5 1' x 1' Native. Magenta flowers in spring. Few Flowered Shooting Star Med. Sun-Part Feeds bees. PPL Dryas octopetala 6" X 6" Native evergreen groundcover. White Mountain Avens Low Sun flowers in summer. Eleocharis palustris 4 3' X 3' Native wetland plant. Seed heads on Creeping Spike-rush High Sun 3' spikes for birds. PPL Elymus glaucus 4 2' X 2' Native. Dense clumps of blue grass. Blue Wild Rye Low Sun blue grass. PPL Erigeron decumbens 7 18' X 18" Native evergreen. Light purple Seaside Daisy Med. Sun-Part flowers spring to fall. PPL Erigeron speciosus 3 18" X 18" Native. Drought tolerant. Lavender Showy Fleabane Med. Sun petals with yellow center. Summer Eriogonum nudum 4 3' X 2' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Barestem Buckwheat Low Sun Yellow flowers summer. Bees. PPL Eriophyllum lanatum 5 18" X 18" Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow Oregon Sunshine Low Sun flowers spring to summer. PPL Erythronium oregonum 6 12" X 6" Native. Showy white flowers in White Fawn Lily Med. Part Shade spring. Dark marks on leaves. PPL Eschscholzia californica 5 1' X 2' Yellow, pink, or white poppies all California Poppy L-M Sun summer. Attracts bees. PPL Festuca occidentalis 4 2' X 2' Native. Drought tolerant. Blue- Western Fescue Low Sun-Part green foliage. PPL Festuca roemeri 7 2' X 2' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Roemer's Fescue Low Sun Blue-green foliage. PPL Festuca subulata 5 1' X 1' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Bearded Fescue Low Sun Red seed heads. PPL Fragaria chiloensis 4 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. White Wild Strawberry Med. Sun-Part flowers in spring. Red berries. Fragaria vesca 6 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. Wood Strawberry Low Sun-Part Drought tolerant. PPL Fragaria virginiana 5 6" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. Wild Strawberry Low Sun-Part Drought tolerant. PPL Gaillardia aristata 3 2' X 2' Native. Daisy-like yellow, bronze Blanket Flower Low Sun or red flowers for butterflies. Gaultheria ovatifolia 8 3" X 12" Native evergreen groundcover. Pink Oregon Wintergreen High Part Sun flowers in summer. Edible berries Gilia capitata 4 6" X 1' Native. Blue flowers in spring. Bluehead Gilia Med. Sun Drought tolerant. Butterlies. PPL Helenium hoopesii 4 3' x 1' Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow- Orange Sneezeweed Med. Sun orange flowers in summer Heracleum maximum 4 4' X 4' Native. Huge clusters of white flowers. Cow parsnip Med. Sun-Part Attracts bees, butterflies. PPL Heuchera micrantha 4 18" X 18" Native. Drought tolerant. White Alum Root Low Sun-Part flowers spring to summer. PPL Iris douglasiana 5 15" X 15" Native. Cream to purple flowers Douglas iris Med. Shade-Part in May. Attracts hummingbirds. Iris missouriensis 4 2' X 1' Native. Blue t deep violet flowers Rocky Mountain Iris Med. Sun in May. Likes wet soil. Iris tenax 5 15" X 18" Native. Purple flowers with yellow Oregon iris Low Sun-Part or white. Drought tolerant. PPL Juncus ensofolius 5 2' X 2' Native evergreen. Tolerates wet Dagger-leaf Rush Med. Sun soil. PPL Lewisia columbiana 4 6" X 8" Native evergreen. Light pink flo- Columbia lew., Bitterroot Low Sun wers. Needs good drainage. Ligustichum apIifolium 7 3' X 3' Native. Drought tolerant. White Parsley-leaf Lovage Low Sun flowers in June. PPL Lilium columbianum 30" X 12" Native. Orange flowers with purplish Tiger Lily Med. Sun-Part spots in summer. PPL Limnanthes douglasii 15" X 15" Native self sowing annual. Yellow Douglas' Meadowfoam High Sun and white spring flowers. Linum lewisii 5 15" X 12" Native. Delicate blue flowers on Blue Flax Low Sun slender stalks. Drought tolerant. Lupinus polyphyllus 4' X 1' Native. Short lived but reseeds.PPL Large-leaved Lupine L-M Sun-Shade Blue purple or violet flowers.PPL Lupinus rivularis 2' X 2' Native. Purple-blue flowers in Stream-bank Lupine Med. Part Sun spring. PPL Lysichitum armericanus 6 2' X 1' Native. Yellowish flower in May. Skunk Cabbage High Sun-Part Needs wet soil. PPL Maianthemum dilatatum 1' X 1' Native. White flowers in spring to False Lily of the Valley M-H Part Sun summer. Spreads. PPL Mimulus guttatus 5 18" X 18" Native. Yellow flowers in spring to Yellow Monkey Flower M-H Sun-Part summer. Attracts hummingbirds.PPL Nemophila menziesii 6" X 12" Native annual. Self sowing. Blue Baby Blue Eyes M-H Part Shade flowers in spring. PPL Nuphar polysepala 4 1' X 2' Native. Yellow flowers in summer. Yellow Water Lily High Sun Grows in 3' to 5' deep water. PPL Oxalis oregana 7 6" X 30" Native groundcover for shade. White Wood Sorrel Med. Shade-Part flowers April-August. PPL Penstemon richardsonii 2' X 2' Native. Pinkish flowers in late Richardson's Penstemon Med. Part Sun summer to fall. PPL Penstemon serrulatus 18" X 18" Native. Purple flowers in summer. Cascade Penstemon Med. Sun-Part Good cut flowers. PPL Petasites frigidus 15" X 15" Native. White flowers in spring. Sweet Coltsfoot High Shade-Part Large round leaves. PPL Phlox diffusa 4" X 1' Native evergreen. Pink flowers in Spreading Phlox Med. Sun spring. Polemonium pulcherimum 5 10" X 10" Native. Drought tolerant. Blue Jacob's Ladder Low Sun flowers in June. Polypodium glycyrrhiza 10" X 10" Native evergreen. Edible root Licorice Fern High Shade tastes like licorice. PPL Polystichum munitum 5 3' X 3' Native evergreen. Excellent for Western Sword Fern L-M Shade-Part woodsy area. Tolerates dry. PPL Potentilla pacifica 6" X 1' Native groundcover. Yellow flowers Pacific Silverweek Med. Sun in spring to summer. Rubus pedatus 4 2" X 6' Native evergreen groundcover. Small Evergreen Blackberry Low Sun-Part white flowers. Edible red fruit. Sagittaria latifolia 4 2' X 2' Native. White flowers in late sum- Wapato High Sun mer. Produces edible tuber. PPL Saxifraga rufidula 6" X 6" Native. White flowers in spring to Rusty-hair Saxifrage High Part Shade summer. Scabiosa columbaria 5 18" X 18" Blue, pink or white flowers June to Pincushion Low Sun-Part frost. WL hummingbird butterflies Scirpus microcarpus 5 3' X 3' Native. White flowers in summer. Small Flowered Bulrush High Sun-Part PPL Sedum lanceolatum 5 3" X 1' Native groundcover. Yellow flowers Stonecrop Low Sun in late spring. Drought tolerant. Sedum oreganum 7 3" X 1' Native evergreen groundcover. Oregon Stonecrop L-M Sun Yellow flowers in summer. PPL Sedum spathulifolium 5 4" X 4" Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Spatula-leaf Stonecrop Low Sun-Part Yellow flowers May to July. PPL Sidalcea campestris 7 4' X 18" Native. Drought tolerant. Meadow-Checkermallow Med. Sun Feeds bees and butterflies. PPL Sisyrinchium bellum 8 10" X 8" Native. Drought tolerant. Blue Blue-eyed Grass Low Sun flowers spring to summer. Sisyrinchium californicum 8 15" X 15" Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow Yellow-eyed Grass Low Part Sun spring flowers attract butterfly. Sisyrinchium douglasii 12" X 12" Native. Reddish-purple flowers in Grass-widow Med. Sun spring. Sisyrinchium idahoense 4 12" X 12" Native. Blueish-purple flowers in Blue-eyed Grass Med. Sun spring. PPL Smilacina racemosa 3 3' X 1' Tall plumes of fuzzy white flowers. False Solomon's Seal M-H Shade-Part Red & white speckled fruit. Smilacina stellata 18" x 18" Native. White flowers in spring to Starry False Solomon's Seal L-M Shade-Part summer. Solidago canadensis 4 3' X 3' Native. Drought tolerant. Yellow Goldenrod Low Sun flowers summer to fall. PPL Synthyris reniformis 3" X 3" Native. Purple late winter Spring Queen Med. Part Shade to spring. PPL Tellima grandiflora 2" X 1' Native. Fragrant pink flowers in Fringe Cup Med. Shade-Part spring-early summer. Spreads. PPL Thalictrum occidentale 6 30' X 30' Native. Drought tolerant. Pink and Western Meadowrue Med. Part Shade green flowers spring-summer. PPL Tiarella trifoliata 10" X 12" Native. Small white flowers in dense Foamflower Med. Shade patches. PPL Tolmiea menziesii 2' X 2' Native. Maroon flowers in spring to Piggyback Plant M-H Shade-Part Summer. Spreads. PPL Trillium ovatum 4 1' X 6" Native. Three leaves with white Western Trillium Med. Shade-Part flowers in March. Acid soil. PPL Typha latifolia 4 6' X 4' Native bog plant. Makes thick Cattails High Sun clumps in moist soil. PPL Vancouveria hexandra 10" X 8" Native. White flowers spring to Inside-out Flower L-M Sun-Shade summer. PPL Veratrum californicum 3 5' X 2' Native. Green flowers May-June. Corn Lily High Shade-Part Deep veined leaves. Poisonous.PPL Viola adunca 4" X 6" Native. Purple flowers in spring to Early Blue Violet Med. Shade-Part summer. Attracts butterflies. PPL Viola glabella 6 8" X 8" Native. Small heart-shaped flowers. Yellow Wood Violet Med. Shade-Part Small yellow spring flowers. PPL Viola sempervirens 4" X 6" Native evergreen. Pale yellow flow- Evergreen Violet Med. Shade-Part er. PPL Woodwardia fimbriata 8 6' X 5' Native. Drought tolerant. Evergreen Giant Chain Fern Med. Part Shade fronds. Xerophyllum tenax 3 5' X 3" Native evergreen. Grass like leaves Beargrass Low Sun-Part and creamy plume flowers. Shrubs Amelanchier alnifolia 4 10' X 6' Native. White flowers in Spring. Western Serviceberry Med. Sun-Part Purplish berries feed birds. PPL Arctostaphylos columbiana 7 6' X 6' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Hairy Manzanita Low Sun Pink flowers in spring. PPL Azalea occidentale 4 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Fragrant flowers Western Azalea Med. Sun-Part for hummingbirds and butterflies. Ceanothus integerrimus 5 8' X 6' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Mountain Lilac, Deer Brush Low Sun-Part Blue flowers in late spring. Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 7 8' X 8' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Blue Blossom Low Sun Blue blossoms attract bees. Ceanothus velutinus var. laeve. 1 15' X 15' Native evergreen. Drought tolerant. Mountain Balm Low Sun White flowers in mid-spring. PPL Cercocarpus ledifolius 3 12' X 10' Evergreen. Yellow funnel flowers in Curl-leaf Mtn. Mahogany Low Sun-Part spring. Drought tolerant. Cornus sericea 3 8' X 8' Deciduous native. Drought tolerant. Red Osier Dogwood Med. Sun-Part White flowers in spring. PPL Corylus cornuta 3 20' X 20' Native deciduous. Suckers freely Hazelnut Med. Sun-Part for hedge. Yellow Fall leaves. Fuchsia magellanica 4 4' X 4' Native deciduous. Violet, white and Hardy Fuchsia High Part Shade red flowers July-Oct. Garrya elliptica 5 8' X 8' Native evergreen. Leaves with woolly Coast Silk Tassel Low Sun-Part yellowish catkins in January. Gaultheria shallon 6 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Pink flowers in Salal L-M Sun-Shade spring. Black edible berries. PPL Heteromeles arbutifolia 7 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Toyon Low Sun White flowers summer. Red berries Holodiscus discolor 4 12' X 10' Native deciduous. White flowers in Ocean Spray Low Sun-Part May to July. Drought tolerant.PPL Ilex glabra 10' X 6' Native evergreen. Small flowers in Inkberry. High Part Shade summer. Black berries for birds. Juniperus communis 3 1' X 6' Native evergreen. Many forms. Very Common Juniper Low Sun drought tolerant. Berries. Linnaea borealis 6" X 2' Native evergreen. Pairs of fragrant Twinflower Med. Sun-Part pink flowers in May. PPL Lonicera involucrata 3 8' X 7' Native deciduous. Yellow flowers in Black Twinberry Med. Sun-Part May. Black berries. PPL Mahonia aquifolium 5 5' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Oregon Grape Low Sun-Shade March. Black, edible berries. PPL Mahonia nervosa 6 2' X 4' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Leatherleaf Mahonia L-M Sun-Part spring. Drought tolerant. PPL Mahonia repens 4 2' X 3' Native evergreen. Yellow flowers in Creeping Oregon Grape L-M Sun-Shade spring. Blue berries in Fall. Myrica californica 7 10' X 8' Native evergreen. Excellent hedge California Wax Myrtle Low Sun-Shade or screen. Oemleria cerasiformis 6 8' X 5' Native. Drought Tolerant. Yellow Indian Plum Low Shade-Part flowers in April. PPL Philadelphus lewisii 4 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Fragrant white Native Mockorange Low Sun-Part summer flowers. Fall yellow. PPL Physocarpus capitatus 2 12' X 10' Native. White flowers in spring. Native Ninebark M-H Sun-Part Tolerates wet to medium soil. PPL Populus trichocarpa 100' X 25' Native. Stabilizes stream banks. Black Cottonwood Med. Sun Cottony seeds. PPL Prunus virginiana 2 15' X 10' Native deciduous. Clusters of white Choke Cherry Med. Sun-Part flowers. Black berries. Rhododendron macrophyllum 5 8' x 8' Native Evergreen. Pink flowers in Pacific Rhododendron Med. Shade-Part late spring. Ribes sanguineum 5 6' X 4' Native deciduous. Red flowers in Red Flowering Currant L-M Sun-Shade March and April. Dark berries.PPL Rosa gymnocarpa 5 5' X 3' Native deciduous. Pink flowers in Baldhip Rose L-M Sun-Part summer. Red hips feed birds. PPL Rosa nutkana 3 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Pink roses in Nootka Rose L-M Sun-Part June. Orange hips feed birds. PPL Rosa pisocarpa 7 5' X 5' Native deciduous. Pink roses in Swamp Rose L_M Sun May-July. Red hips feed birds.PPL Rosa woodsii 5 6' x 6' Native deciduous. Drought Tolerant. Wood's Rose Med. Sun-Part Pink flowers. Hips feed birds. Rubus parviflorus 4 4' X 4' Native deciduous. White flowers in Thimbleberry L-M Sun-Shade May for hummers. Edible berry.PPL Rubus spectabilis 7 5' X 5' Native. Deep pink flowers in Spring Salmonberry M-H Sun-Shade and edible berries in Summer. PPL Salix exigua 4 15' X 15' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Narrowleaf Willow Med. Shade White catkins in spring. PPL Sambucus cerulea 5 12' X 10' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Blue Elderberry Low Sun-Shade Edible berries feed wildlife. PPL Sambucus racemosa 4 12' X 10' Native deciduous. Drought tolerant. Red Elderberry Low Sun Inedible berries feed birds. PPL Shepherdia argenteus 2 8' X 5' Native deciduous. Silver gray. Red Silver Buffalo Berry Any Sun-Part berries attract birds. Sorbus scopulina 3 10' X 10' Native. Drought tolerant. White Cascade Mountain Ash Low Sun Spiraea lucinda 4 30" X 30" Native. Drought tolerant. White Shinyleaf Spirea Med. Sun flowers in late spring. PPL Spiraea douglasii 5 5' X 4' Native. Clusters of pink flowers in Hardhack Spirea Med. Sun-Part summer. White leaf underside. PPL Streptopus amplexifolius 30" X 1' Native. Yellow flowers in May-July. Clasping Leaf Twisted-stalk Med. Shade-Part Edible red berries. PPL Symphoricarpos albus 4 4' X 4' Native deciduous. White flowers in Common Snowberry L-M Sun-Shade May. White berries for birds. PPL Symphoricarpos mollis 7 15" X 3' Native deciduous. White flowers in Creeping Snowberry Low Sun-Shade May. White berries for birds. PPL Vaccinium membranaceum 5 4' X 4' Native. Drought tolerant. White Thin-leaf Huckleberry Low Shade flowers in summer. Edible fruit. Vaccinium ovatum 7 4' X 4' Native evergreen. Pink flowers in Evergreen Huckleberry Med. Shade-Part spring. Edible black berries. PPL Vaccinium parvifolium 5 6' X 6' Native deciduous. White flowers in Red Huckleberry Med. Part Shade April-May. Edible red berries.PPL Viburnum ellipticum 2 10' X 10' Native deciduous. White flowers in Wild Raisin Med. Sun-Part spring to summer. Fall fruit. Trees Abies grandis 5 200' X 40' Native. Pyramidal evergreen. Likes Grand Fir Med. Sun-Part cool, moist soil. PPL Abies lasiocarpa 5 25' X 15' Native evergreen. Slow growing. Alpine Fir Med. Sun-Part Likes cool, moist soil. Abies procera 5 90' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. Short Noble Fir Med. Sun-Part stiff branches. Acer circinatum 6 15' X 10' Native tree with multiple trunks. Vine Maple Med. Sun-Part Red Fall leaves. PPL Acer macrophyllum 5 70' X 60' Native. Large spreading tree with Bigleaf Maple L-M Shade-Part big leaves. Yellow in Fall. PPL Alnus rubra 4 80' X 40' Native. Fast growing. Yellow Fall Red Alder High Sun-Part leaves. Attracts birds. PPL Arbutus menziesii 3 40' X 40' Native evergreen. White flowers in Madrona Low Sun-Part Spring. Fruit. PPL Betula papyrifera 2 50' X 35' Oval shape. White bark. Yellow Fall Paper Or Canoe Birch Med. Sun leaves. Calocedrus decurrens 6 75' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fra- Incense Cedar Low Sun-Part grant twigs. Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 6 40' X 20' Native evergreen. Pyramidal shape Port Orford Cedar Med. Sun-Part with drooping branches. Chrysolepis chrysophylla 50' X 25' Native evergreen. White flowers in Golden Chinquapin Low Sun-Part spring. Nuts eaten by jays. Cornus nuttallii 4 40' X 20' Native. Large white flowers in May. Pacific Dogwood Low Sun-Part Red Fall leaves. Likes dry. PPL Corylus cornuta 12' X 10' Native. Edible nuts called filberts. Western Hazelnut Med Sun-Part PPL Crataegus douglasii 5 30'X 20' Native. Clusters of white flowers. Oregon Hawthorn Med. Sun-Part Large edible scarlet berries. Crataegus gaylussacia 7 30' x 20' Native. White flowers in spring. Klamath Hawthorn Low Sun Black fruit. Thorns. PPL Frangula purshiana 25' X 15' Native. Greenish-yellow flowers in Cascara buckthorn May-June. Berry attract birds.PPL Juniperus scopulorum 3 15' X 8' Pyramidal evergreen. Silvery blue Rocky Mountain Juniper Low Sun needles. Drought tolerant. Malus fusca 4 25' X 25' Native. White flowers in spring.PPL Pacific Crabapple Med. Sun-Part Yellow or red fruit attract birds Picea sitchensis 5 150' X 30' Native pyramidal evergreen. Moist Sitka Spruce L-M Sun-Part but well drained soil. Pinus contorta contorta 5 25' X 25' Native rounded evergreen. Shore Pine Low Sun Drought and salt tolerant. Pinus contorta latifolia 4 80' X 20' Native evergreen. Tall narrow tree. Lodgepole Pine Low Sun Short needles in bundles of two. Pinus contorta murrayana 4 60' X 25' Native evergreen. Slow growing. Murrayana Pine Low Sun Narrow in groves, Wide alone. Pinus ponderosa 3 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Long needles. Ponderosa Pine Low Sun Black and orange bark. PPL Populus tremuloides 3 30' X 15' Native. Leaves flutter in a slight Quaking Aspen Med. Sun-Part breeze. Golden Fall leaves. PPL Prunus emarginata 4 70' X 30' Native. Small white flowers. Small Bitter Cherry Med. Shade-Part bitter cherries attract birds.PPL Prunus virginiana 2 20' X 20' Native. White flowers in April. Chokecherry Med. Sun-Part Yellow-orange fall leaves. PPL Pseudotsuga menziesii 4 200' X 50' Native pyramidal evergreen. Fast Douglas Fir L-M Sun-Part growing. PPL Quercus garryana 6 65' X 50' Native. Red fall leaves. Needs good Oregon White Oak Low Sun drainage. PPL Rhamnus purshiana 30' X 20' Native. Purplish black berries Cascara, Buckthorn Med. Sun-Part attract birds. Rhus glabra 3 12' X 15' Native. Drought tolerant. Red fall Smooth Sumac Low Sun leaves. Red berries attract birds Robinia pseudoacacia 50' X 30' Native. Drought tolerant. White Black Locust Sun flowers in May-June. Brown pods. Salix spp. 3 30' X 30' Native. Used to stabilize stream Native Willows High Sun banks. Thuja plicata 5 100' X 30' Native evergreen. Narrow with Western Red Cedar Any Shade-Part drooping branches. PPL Tsuga heterophylla 4 60' X 20' Native pyramidal evergreen. White Western Hemlock Med. Sun-Part band on bottom of needles. PPL Tsuga mertensiana 4 30' X 15' Native evergreen. Slow growing. Mountain Hemlock Med. Sun-Part Thrives on cool, moist slope. Umbellularia californica 7 25' X 25' Native evergreen. Slow growing. Oregon Myrtle Low Sun-Part Tiny yellow flowers in spring. Vines Clematis columbiana 4 1' X 3' Native. Drought tolerant. Violet- Rock Clematis Med. Sun blue flowers in spring. Lonicera cilosa 5 15' X 15' Native. Drought tolerant. Orange Orange Honeysuckle Low Shade flowers attract hummingbirds. PPL Lonicera hispidula 5 12' X 12' Native. Drought tolerant. Pink Pink Honeysuckle Low Sun-Part flowers attract hummingbirds. PPL
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