Perennials Listed by Flower Season and Height Spring Color

Perennials Listed by Flower Season and Height

by Rod Smith

© 1999-2019 Rodney A. Smith
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Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Perennials, Herbs & Houseplants

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Low = under 15 inches, Medium = 15 inches to 30 inches, Tall = over 30 inches
PNP means that the perennial is included in the list of Portland Native Plants.

Low Spring Perennials
Medium Spring Perennials
Tall Spring Perennials
Low Summer Perennials
Medium Summer Perennials
Tall Summer Perennials
Low Fall Perennials
Medium Fall Perennials
Tall Fall Perennials
Low Winter Perennials
Medium Winter Perennials
Tall Winter Perennials
Low All Year Perennials
Medium All Year Perennials
Tall All Year Perennials

Low Spring Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Ajuga reptans                    3 5" X 12"   Evergreen. Blue flowers. Green     
  Carpet Bugle                Med. Sun-Part     bronze purple or varieg. leaves. 
Anemone blanda                   4 4" X 6"    Bulb. Single blue, pink or white   
  Windflower                  Low  Part Sun     flower in March.                 
Anemone pulsatilla               5 1' x 1'    Low mound of feathery leaves.     
  Pasque Flower               Med. Sun-Part     Violet flowers in spring.        
Arabis caucasica                 3 4" X 1'    White flowers on fleshy leaves in  
  Rock Cress                  Med. Sun          March to April. Good rock garden.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi          2 8" X 4'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers.    
  Kinnikinnick                Low  Sun-Part     Red berries. Good groundcover.PNP
Arenaria montana                 3 4" X 18"   Low mound of white flowers from    
  Montana Sandwort            Med. Sun-Part     March to April. Likes lime.      
Armeria maritima                 4 10" X 1'   Native evergreen. Mound of leaves. 
  Sea Thrift                  Med. Sun-Part     Pink or white flowers April-June.
Asarum caudatum                  4 4" X 2'    Native. Large, heart shaped leaves.
  Wild Ginger                 High Shade-Part   Brown flowers early Spring.   PNP
Asarum species                   4 6" X 18"   Groundcover. Glossy leaves hide    
  Wild Ginger                 High Shade-Part   small red flowers.               
Asarum splendens                 4 6" X 2'    Large, heart shaped leaves with    
  Chinese Ginger              High Shade-Part   white stripes. Tiny red flowers. 
Aubrieta deltoidea               4 5" X 15"   Low mat of red to blue flowers in  
  Rock Cress                  Med. Sun-Part     March to May. Good in rock walls.
Aurinia saxatilis                4 10" X 1'   Evergreen. Green gray leaves with  
  Basket Of Gold              Med. Sun-Part     yellow flowers from April-June.  
Bellis perennis                  4 5" X 6"    Red, rose, and white flowers in    
  English Daisy               Med. Sun-Part     April and May. Good in lawns.    
Bergenia cordifolia              3 12" X 2'   Evergreen. Large heart shaped      
  Heartleaf Bergenia          Med. Sun-Part     leaves. Pink flowers in Spring.  
Calceolaria biflora              6 12" X 8"   Evergreen. Pouch-like flowers of   
  Pocketbook Flower           Med. Shade-Part   yellow and red in May and June.  
Ceanothus gloriosus              7 12" X 3'   Evergreen. Blue flowers in late    
  Point Reyes Ceanothus       Low  Sun          spring. Good groundcover.        
Convallaria majalis              3 6" X 15"   Small fragrant bell-shaped white   
  Lily-of-the-Valley          Med. Shade-Part   flowers in May. Poisonous.       
Cornus canadensis                1 3" X 2'    Semi-evergreen. White flowers in   
  Bunchberry                  Med. Sun-Shade    spring. Red berries in fall.  PNP
Cotoneaster dammeri              1 5" X 6'    Evergreen. White flowers in        
  Bearberry Cotoneaster       Low  Sun-Shade    spring. Orange berries in fall.  
Cotula squalida                  4 2" X 1'    Evergreen. Button flowers in May-  
  Brass Buttons               Med. Part Sun     June. Fern-like foliage creeps.  
Crocus vernus                    3 4" X 4"    Bulb. White, pink, blue, or purple 
  Dutch Crocus                Low  Sun-Part     flowers in February to March.    
Dianthus deltoides               4 1-3' X 1'  Low mound or tall cut flower in    
  Carnation or Pinks          Med. Sun-Part     pink, red and white May to July. 
Dicentra formosa                 3 12" X 18"  Native. Dark fern-like leaves.     
  Western Bleeding Heart      Low  Shade-Part   Pink flowers April to June.   PNP
Epimedium grandiflorum           4 1' X 3'    Evergreen. Red white pink or       
  Bishop's Hat                Med. Part Shade   violet flowers. Bronze leaves.   
Fragaria 'Lipstick'              4 4" X 24"   Evergreen groundcover. Large, rose 
  Lipstick Strawberry         Med. Sun-Part     colored flowers in Spring.       
Fragaria chiloensis              4 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover. White
  Wild Strawberry             Med. Sun-Part     flowers in spring. Red berries.  
Galanthus nivalis                3 8" X 8"    Bulb. Dainty white bells in Feb. to
  Snowdrop                    Med. Shade-Part   March. Naturalizes under trees.  
Galium odoratum                  4 8" X 2'    Small white flowers on dense mat   
  Sweet Woodruff              Med. Shade        of green from May to August.     
Gaultheria procumbens            3 6" X 18"   Native evergreen. Pink bell flowers
  Wintergreen                 Med. Sun-Shade    in spring. Red edible berries.   
Heucherella tiarelloides         4 1' X 2'    Hybrids between Heuchera and Tia-  
  Foam Flower                 Med. Part shade   rella. Colorful foliage.         
Hyacinthus orientalis            4 8" X 6"    bulb. Very fragrant spikes of blue,
  Hyacinth                    Low  Sun-Shade    white, or purple in April to May.
Iberis sempervirens              4 8" X 1'    Evergreen. White flowers in April  
  Candytuft                   Low  Sun          cover low mound of small leaves. 
Iris "Dutch Hybrid"              5 8" X 5"    Bulb. Slender stalks topped by iris
  Dutch Iris                  Med. Sun-Part     flower in many colors in April.  
Leontipodium alpinum             3 6" X 8"    White woolly leaves. Flowers and   
  Edelweis                    Med. Sun-Part     floral leaves in May to July.    
Leucojum vernum                    6" X 6"    Bulb. Clusters of white bells in   
  Snowflake                   Med. Shade        March. Naturalizes under trees.  
Lewisia cotyledon                4 10" X 5"   Evergreen. Pink to orange flowers  
  Lewisia                     Low  Sun-Part     in May-Aug. above rosette leaves.
Lithodora diffusa                5 5" X 3'    Evergreen. Brilliant blue flowers  
  Lithospermum                Med. Sun-Part     May to July. Likes good drainage.
Mazus reptans                    5 2" X 18"   Evergreen groundcover. Blue flowers
  Mazus                       Med. Sun-Part     in spring. Moist well drained.   
Muscari armeniacum               4 6" X 6"    Bulb. Bright blue flowers on 6"    
  Grape Hyacinth              Low  Sun-Part     spikes in March and April.       
Myosotis sylvatica               3 8" X 8"    Blue, pink, or white flowers May to
  Forget-Me-Not               Med. Sun-Shade    September. Spreads easily.       
Oxalis oregana                   3 7" X 30"   Native groundcover for shade. White
  Wood sorrel                 Med. Shade-Part   flowers April-June.           PNP
Pachysandra terminalis           5 8" X 1'    Evergreen. White flower spikes.    
  Japanese Spurge             High Shade-Part   Dark green leaves. Groundcover.  
Phlox subulata                   3 4" X 1'    Evergreen. Dense mat of color in   
  Creeping Phlox              Med. Sun          May-June. Needs good drainage.   
Ranunculus asiaticus             4 12" X 1'   Large yellow, orange, red, pink, or
  Persian Ranunculus          Med. Sun          white flowers in April to June.  
Rhodohypoxis baurii              4 4" X 4"    Mass of rose red flowers in spring 
  Rhodohypoxis                Med. Sun          and summer. Good rock garden.    
Sagina sublata                   4 2" X 1'    Dense mat of dark green with small 
  Irish Moss                  Med. Sun-Part     white flowers in spring.         
Sagina sublata 'Aurea'           4 2" X 1'    Dense mat of light green with small
  Scotch Moss                 Med. Sun-Part     white flowers in spring.         
Saponaria species                3 1' X 3'    Dark, oval leaves with pink flowers
  Soapwort                    Low  Sun          in spring. Good groundcover.     
Saxifraga species                4 1' X 18"   Small white star-like flowers with 
  Rockfoil                    Med. Shade-Part   a reddish tinge in April-June.   
Silene species                   5 12" X 15"  Groundcover. Magenta to cream flow-
  Moss Campion                Med. Sun-Part     ers in spring.                   
Sisyrinchium angustifolium       3 1' X 1'    Green or bluish leaves. Purple &   
  Blue-eyed Grass             Med. Sun          yellow flowers in May to June.   
Sisyrinchium idahoensis          2 12" X 12"  Native. Thin, grass-like leaves.   
  Idaho Blue-eyed Grass       Low  Sun          Purple flowers on tip of stalk.  
Tiarella cordifolia              4 8" X 2'    Fast spreading groundcovers. White 
  Foamflower                  High Shade-Part   to pink flowers.                 
Trillium ovatum                  4 1' X 6"    Native. Three leaves with white or 
  Wake Robin                  High Shade-Part   yellow flowers in March.         
Tulipa hybrid                    4 6-24" X 8" Bulb. Many colors of flowers in    
  Tulip                       Med. Sun-Part     March to May. Needs good drainage
Verbena canadensis               6 10" X 3'   Evergreen. Purple flowers spring to
  Homestead Purple Verbena    Med. Sun          fall. Good groundcover.          
Vinca minor                      4 1' X 3'    Evergreen. Blue, white or purple   
  Periwinkle                  Med. Sun-Shade    flowers in spring and summer.    
Viola glabella                   6 8" X 8"    Native. Small heart-shaped flowers.
  Yellow Wood Violet          Med. Shade-Part   Small yellow spring flowers.  PNP
Viola odorata                    6 6" X 1'    Dark purple flowers and a lovely   
  Sweet Violet                Med. Sun-Shade    fragrance in February to April.  
Waldestenia fragarioides         2 3" X 8"    Evergreen. Strawberry-like plant.  
  Barren Strawberry           Med. Sun-Part     Yellow flowers in spring.        

Medium Spring Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Anemone coronaria                6 2' X 15"   Bulb. Red, blue, purple or white   
  Wind Flower                 Med. Part shade   flowers May and June. Good cut.  
Aquilegia species                3 2' X 18"   Red white or blue flowers in May.  
  Columbine                   Med. Sun-Shade    Attracts hummingbirds/butterflies
Brunnera macrophylla             5 15" X 1'   Airy clusters of blue flowers above
  Siberian Bugloss            High Part Shade   heart shaped leaves in March-June
Camassia quamash                 6 18" X 12"  Native bulb. Blue flowers in       
  Common Camas                High Sun          Spring.                       PNP
Chrysanthemum coccinneum         4 30" X 2'   Finely divided leaves. Pink, red,  
  Painted Daisy               Med. Sun          or white flowers in May.         
Dianella tasmanica               7 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Blue/purple flowers in  
  Flax Lily                   Med. Sun-Part     spring. Blue-green leaves.       
Dicentra formosa                 3 30" X 3'   Native. Dainty pink or white     
  Bleeding Heart              Low  Shade-Part   flowers in April to June.                   
Dicentra spectabilis             3 30" X 3'   Dainty pink or white flowers in    
  Bleeding Heart              Med. Shade-Part   April to June.                   
Doronicum cordatum               4 18" X 12"  Low mound. Yellow daisy flowers on 
  Leopard's Bane              Med. Part Shade   tall stems April-June. Good cut. 
Endymion non-scriptus (Scilla)   4 15" X 12"  Bulb. Spikes of blue white or pink 
  Wood Hyacinth               Med. Sun-Part     flowers in May. Easy to grow.    
Euphorbia species                6 2' X 2'    Green to purple leaves. Chartreuse 
  Spurge                      Low  Sun          to burgandy flowers.             
Fern, Dryopteris erythrosora     6 18" X 18"  Evergreen. New fronds are coppery  
  Autumn Fern                 Low  Shade-Part   red, mature to green.            
Freesia species                  3 15" X 1'   Bulb. Fragrant flowers in many     
  Freesia                     Med. Sun-Part     colors in May. Good cut flower.  
Fritillaria species              5 2-4' X 1'  Bulb. Unusual flowers of orange,   
  Fritillaria                 Med. Sun-Part     yellow or checkered purple/white.
Gaultheria shallon               6 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers in  
  Salal                       Med. Sun-Shade    spring. Black edible berries. PNP
Helleborus orientalis            4 18" X 1'   Leathery dark green leaves. White, 
  Lenten Rose                 High Shade-Part   pink, red, yellow, green flowers.
Heuchera sanguinea               4 15" X 18"  Evergreen. Tall stalks of dainty   
  Coral Bells                 Med. Sun-Part     coral flowers in April-August.   
Iris tenax                       5 15" X 18"  Native. Purple flowers with yellow 
  Oregon iris                 Low  Sun-Part     or white. Drought tolerant.   PNP
Libertia peregrinans             7 18" x 18"  Narrow leaves are bright orange on 
  New Zealand Iris            Med. Sun-Shade    the edges. White flowers Spring. 
Ligularia tussilaginea (Farfugiu 8 2' X 2'    Thick leaves with yellow spots.    
  Leopard Plant               Med. Sun-Part     Yellow flowers. Good indoors.    
Lychnis coronaria                6 2' X 18"   Silky white foliage. Magenta to    
  Rose campion                Low  Sun-Part     crimson flowers from May to July.
Mertensia virginica              3 20" X 1'   Native. Pink turning to blue petti-
  Virginia Bluebells          Med. Shade-Part   coat flowers in April and May.   
Narcissus species                4 2' X 1'    Bulb. Yellow, orange, or white flow-
  Daffodils                   Low  Sun-Part     ers in March to April. Easy.    
Paeonia lactiflora               4 2' X 2'    Ever popular plant in many colors  
  Bush Peony                  Med. Sun-Part     in May. Good cut flowers.        
Papaver nudicaule                2 15" X 10"  3-4" flowers in many colors from   
  Iceland Poppy               Low  Sun-Part     April to September. Good cut.    
Polygonatum biflorum             3 30" X 2'   Pairs of greenish white flowers on 
  Solomon's Seal              Med. Shade-Part   arching stems. Blue-black berries
Rosmarinus officinalis           8 2' X 5'    Aromatic leaves with blue flowers  
  Rosemary                    Low  Sun          in spring. Needs good drainage.  
Tricyrtis hirta                  6 2' X 2'    Purple spotted flowers in spring.  
  Toad Lily                   High Shade-Part   spring.                          
Trollius species                 3 2' X 2'    Deciduous. Gold or yellow flowers  
  Globeflower                 High Sun-Part     May-June.                        
Zantedeschia species             2 2' X 2'    White, yellow or pink flowers in   
  Calla Lily                  High Sun-Part     May.                             

Tall Spring Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Aster frikartii                  5 3' X 2'    Large lavender blue daisies from   
  Frikart's Aster             Med. Sun          May to frost if deadheaded.      
Delphinium hybrids               3 3-6' X 2'  Tall spikes of blue, lavender, or  
  Larkspur                    Med. Sun          white in June. Good cut.         
Dierama pulcherrimum             7 5' X 5'    Sword-like leaves. Purple to white 
  Wand Flower                 High Sun          bell-shaped flowers May-June.    
Digitalis purpurea               4 4' X 1'    Spike of white to pink spotted     
  Pink Foxglove               Med. Part shade   flowers. Leaves are poisonous.   
Euryops pectinatus               8 5' X 3'    Bright yellow daisy-like flowers   
  Golden Shrub Daisy          Low  Sun          March-October. Needs protection. 
Hesperis matronalis              5 3' X 2'    Old fashioned plant. Fragrant lav- 
  Dame's Rocket               Med. Sun-Part     ender or pink flowers May-June.  
Incarvillea delavayi             5 3' X 2'    Clusters of 3" long purple trumpet 
  Hardy Gloxinia              Med. Sun-Part     in May-July.                      
Iris ensata                      4 3' X 2'    Large white, lavender, purple or   
  Japanese Iris               High Sun-Part     blue flowers in May. Wet or dry. 
Iris hybrids                     4 3' X 2'    Many sizes and colors of flowers in
  Bearded Iris                Med. Sun          May and June.                    
Iris sibirica                    3 3' X 2'    White, yellow, lavender, purple or 
  Siberian Iris               High Sun-Part     blue flowers in May. Wet or dry. 
Paeonia suffruticosa             6 5' X 5'    Large flowers up to 1' across in   
  Tree Peony                  Med. Sun-Part     many colors in May. Some double. 
Rheum palmatum                   3 4' X 3'    Deciduous. Green, bronze & dark red
  Ornamental Rhubarb          High Sun-Part     leaves. Red flower stalks in May.
Rodgersia aesculifolia           5 5' X 3'    Creamy white flowers late spring to
  Rodger's Flower             High Shade-Part   early summer. Huge fingered leaf.
Smilacina racemosa               3 3' X 1'    Tall plumes of fuzzy white flowers.
  False Solomon's Seal        High Shade-Part   Red & white speckled fruit.   PNP
Thalictrum species               5 3' X 2'    Airy plants with fuzzy flowers in  
  Meadow Rue                  High Sun-Part     white, pink or purple.           
Veratrum californicum           3 5' X 2'    Native. Green flowers May-June.  
  California Corn Lily        High Shade-Part   Deep veined leaves. Poisonous roots.   

Low Summer Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Aegopodium podagraria variegata  1 6" X 30"   Low, dense mass of light green     
  Variegated Bishop's Weed    Med. Sun-Shade    leaves with white edges. Spreads.
Alchemilla mollis                3 15" X 1'   Scalloped leaves hold raindrops.   
  Lady's Mantle               Med. Sun-Part     Good cut greenish flowers in June
Artemisia species                3 1' X 2'    Silvery leaves in many shapes.     
  Wormwood                    Low  Sun          Yellow flowers in August.        
Aruncus dioicus                  4 1' X 1'    Native. Creamy white flowers in    
  Goatsbeard                  Med. Shade-Part   June and July.                   
Aster tongolensis 'Wartburg'     5 1' X 1'    Violet flowers with golden orange  
  Wartburg Aster              Med. Sun          centers in June to September.    
Cerastium tomentosum             3 6" X 2'    Evergreen. Silvery gray leaves.    
  Snow-in-Summer              Med. Sun-Part     White flowers in early summer.   
Conradina verticillata           5 1' X 3'    Aromatic leaves. Lavender pink     
  Cumberland Rosemary         Med. Sun          flowers in June.                 
Convolvulus mauritanicus         7 5" X 2'    Evergreen. Lavender blue trumpet   
  Ground Morning Glory        Low  Sun-Part     flowers May to September.        
Corydalis lutea                  6 12" X 15"  Masses of gray-green divided leaves
  Corydalis                   High Part Shade   Yellow flowers June-August.      
Delosperma cooperi               6 4" X 18"   Evergreen. Succulent foliage with  
  Ice Plant                   Low  Sun          magenta daisies July to September
Diascia species                  7 10" X 2'   Low spreading plant with pink flow- 
  Twinspur                    Low  Sun-Part     ers from June to September.     
Erodium reichardii               6 5" X 1'    Evergreen. Tough low creeper with  
  Cranesbill                  Med. Sun-Part     many flowers May to October.     
Eschscholzia californica           1' X 2'    Yellow, pink, or white poppies all 
  California Poppy            Low  Sun          summer. Remove dead flowers.     
Fern, Athyrium nipponicum        4 10" X 15"  Deciduous. Green with silver-gray  
  Japanese Painted Fern       Med. Shade-Part   on burgandy stems.               
Gentiana species                 3 1' X 1'    Dark blue flowers in July to Sept. 
  Gentian                     High Sun          Needs good drainage & acid soil. 
Geum coccinium                   4 1' X 1'    Stems of red to copper flowers     
  Geum, Grecian Rose          Med. Sun-Part     above divided leaves in summer.  
Gomphrena globosa                4 10" X 1'   Rounded flower heads in red, purple
  Globe Amaranth              Med. Sun-Part     and white. Excellent dried.      
Goniolimon tataricum             4 1' X 1'    Many branched white flower-head in 
  German Statice              Low  Sun          July-August. Excellent dried.    
Grass, Acorus gramineus          5 12" X 18"  Grass-like leaves resembles tiny   
  Sweet Flag                  High Sun-Part     iris. Likes lots of water.       
Grass, Arrhenath. elatius bulb.  4 12" X 18"  Narrow leaves boldly edged with    
  Bulbous Oat Grass           Med. Sun-Part     white.                           
Grass, Hakonechloa macra         5 10" X 18"  Graceful slender leaves with gold  
  Japanese Forest Grass       High Shade        stripes. Spreads slowly.         
Grass, Scirpus cernuus           9 10" X 10"  Small white seed on tip of each    
  Fiber Optic Grass           High Sun-Part     blade.                           
Helianthemum nummularium         4 6" X 1'    Red, orange, yellow, pink, peach, &
  Sunrose                     Low  Sun          white flowers in June to August. 
Hypericum calycinum              7 12" X 2'   Evergreen. Large yellow flowers    
  St. Johns Wort              Med. Sun-Shade    in summer.                       
Lamium maculatum                 4 6" X 2'    Silver leaves. Pink or white       
  Deadnettle                  Med. Part Shade   flowers in May-July.             
Leptinella squalida              5 1" X 1'    Evergreen. Gray to black fern like 
  Brass Buttons               Med. Sun-Shade    leaves. Tolerates foot traffic.  
Liriope species                  5 15" X 18"  Clumps of grass-like leaves with   
  Lilyturf                    Med. Shade-Part   spikes of blue flowers July-Oct. 
Lysimachia nummularia            3 6" X 3'    Evergreen. Yellow flowers in       
  Creeping Jenny              High Shade-Part   summer. Good groundcover.        
Matricaria recutia                 8" X 1'    Fine cut fern-like leaves with     
  Feverfew, Chamomile         Low  Sun          white & yellow flowers June-July.
Muehlenbeckia axillaris          3 5" X 15"   Evergreen groundcover. Translucent 
  Creeping Wire Vine          Med. Sun-Part     white fruit with black seeds.    
Oenothera missouriensis          5 6" X 16"   Large, light yellow flowers May to 
  Missouri Primrose           Low  Sun-Part     September. Good groundcover.     
Ophiopogon japonicus             6 8" X 10"   Evergreen. Dark green tufts like   
  Mondo Grass                 Med. Sun-Shade    grass. Lilac flowers in summer.  
Ophiopogon planisca. 'Nigra'     5 10" X 2'   Evergreen. Glossy black leaves.    
  Black Mondo Grass           Med. Sun-Part     Lilac flowers in late summer.    
Potentilla verna nana            3 4" X 1'    Yellow flowers in summer.          
  Dwarf Potentilla            Med. Sun                                           
Pratia pedunculata               4 3" X 1'    Evergreen. Blue star-like flowers  
  Blue Star Creeper           Med. Sun-Part     in late spring and summer.       
Pulmonaria species               4 1' X 18"   Dark green leaves with white spots.
  Lungwort                    Med. Shade-Part   Deep blue flowers in June & July.
Salvia species                   7 1-3' X 2'  Narrow gray-green leaves. Fragrant 
  Garden Sage                 Low  Sun-Part     blue or pink flowers June-August.
Sedum species                    4 3" X 1'    Evergreen. Heat and drought resist- 
  Creeping Stonecrop          Low  Sun-Part     ant. White to purple flowers.   
Sempervivum species              4 6" X 12"   Rosettes of green and purple leaves
  Hen and Chicks              Low  Sun-Part     Red or yellow flowers in summer. 
Stachys byzantina                4 1' X 2'    Soft, white, woolly leaves. Small   
  Lamb's Ear                  Low  Sun-Part     purplish flower spikes in June.  
Syneilesis palmatum              3 18" X 18"  Umbrella of finely divided leaves.
  Shredded Umbrella Plant     Low  Shade-Part   Light pink flowers in June-July.
Thymus species                   4 4" X 1'    Aromatic leaves with tiny red to   
  Thyme                       Low  Sun-Part     blue flowers. Good groundcover.  
Trifolium repens 'Dark Dancer'   4 4" x 1'    Evergreen groundcover. Low mat with
  Dark Dancer Clover          Med. Sun-Part     dark spots on leaves. White flwrs
Tritelaia hyacinthina            4 15" X 15"  Native bulb. Clusters of white/purp-
  White Brodiaea              Med. Sun          lish flowers in June-July.      
Zauschneria species              3 5" X 18"   Deciduous. Orange scarlet flowers  
  California Fuchsia          Low  Sun-Part     in summer attract hummingbirds.  

Medium Summer Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure 
Achillea millefolium             3 30" X 2'   Native. White, flat flowers in sum-
  Common Yarrow               Low  Sun-Part     mer. Good cut/dried flowers.  PNP
Agapanthus africanus             7 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Stalks of blue or white 
  Lily Of The Nile            Low  Sun-Part     flowers in summer. Needs shelter.
Agastache species                6 2' X 1'    Attracts hummingbirds. Masses of   
  Hyssop                      Med. Sun-Part     red, pink or lavender flowers.   
Alstroemeria hybrids             8 2' X 3'    Orange yellow pink red and white   
  Peruvian Lily               Med. Part Sun     flowers June to July. Good cut.  
Anaphalis margaritacea           3 2' X 1'    Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery  
  Pearly Everlasting          High Sun          white flowers in late Summer. PNP
Anthemis tinctoria               4 2' X 2'    Pale yellow daisies in summer.     
  Hardy Marguerite Daisy      Med. Sun          Great cut flowers.               
Aquilegia formosa                3 2' X 2'    Native. Red flowers in May to Aug. 
  Red Columbine               Low  Part Sun     Attracts hummingbirds.        PNP
Asclepias tuberosa               4 2' X 3'    Bright orange flowers from July to 
  Butterfly Weed              Med. Sun          September. Attracts butterflies. 
Astilbe arendsii                 3 2' X 18"   Tall spikes of red pink or white   
  Astilbe                     High Sun-Shade    flowers from May to July.        
Astrantia major                  4 2' X 2'    Red, pink or white flowers in      
  Masterwort                  Med. Sun-Part     summer. Good cut or dried.       
Ballota nigra 'Archers Variety'  4 2' X 3'    Leaves have white streaks and spots
  Variegated Horehound        Low  Sun          Tiny purple flowers in summer.   
Campanula species                4 1-5' X 1'  Bell or star shaped flowers. Many  
  Bellflower                  High Shade-Part   forms and colors are available.  
Catananche caerulea              4 18" X 1'   Gray green leaves. Deep blue flow-  
  Cupid's Dart                Low  Sun          ers June to August. Good dried. 
Ceratostigma plumbaginoides      6 18" X 2'   Intense blue flowers from July to  
  Dwarf Plumbago              Med. Sun-Part     September. Reddish new leaves.   
Convolvulus cneorum              8 2' X 2'    Evergreen. White or light pink     
  Silver Bush Morn. Glory     Low  Sun-Part     trumpet flowers May to September.
Coreopsis verticillata           4 18" X 18"  Profuse yellow daisies from June   
  Coreopsis, Tickseed         Low  Sun-Part     to September.                    
Cosmos atrosanguineus            8 2' X 2'    Deep brownish red flowers with     
  Chocolate Cosmos            Med. Sun          chocolate or vanilla fragrance.  
Dietes bicolor                   8 18" X 15"  Iris-like leaves with yellow and   
  African Iris                Med. Sun-Part     maroon flowers spring to fall.   
Erigeron species                 7 18" X 1'   Aster-like white, lavender or pink 
  Fleabane                    Med. Sun-Part     flowers August to frost. Native. 
Eryngium amethystinum            4 2' X 1'    Thistle-like plant. Steel blue or  
  Sea holly                   Low  Sun          amethyst flowers July to Sept.   
Erysimum linifolium              6 2' X 2'    Yellow to purple flowers all summer
  Wallflower                  Med. Sun-Part     long.                            
Eucomis comosa                   7 3' X 3'    Large, strap-like leaves with tall 
  Purple Pineapple Lily       Med. Sun-Part     bloom resembling a pineapple.    
Felicia amelloides               9 18" X 4'   Sky-blue, yellow-centered daisies  
  Blue Marguerite             Med. Sun          all summer. Fragrant leaves.     
Fern, Adiantum pedantum          2 18" X 18"  Fronds fork in finger-like pattern 
  Western Maidenhair Fern     High Shade-Part   on slender black stems.          
Fern, Blechnum spicant           7 2' X 2'    Low spreading sterile fronds and   
  Deer Fern                   Med. Shade        upright fertile fronds.       PNP
Fern, Dryopteris expansa         4 2' X 2'    Finely divided upright fronds die  
  Wood Fern                   Med. Shade-Part   down in winter.                  
Gaillardia grandiflora           3 2' X 2'    Daisy-like flowers of yellow, red, 
  Blanket Flower              Low  Sun          orange and maroon June to frost. 
Gaura lindheimeri                7 18" X 2'   Pink buds open into white flowers  
  Gaura                       Low  Sun          like white butterflies June-Sept.
Geranium species                 4 2' X 2'    Small to large cut leaves. White to
  Cranesbill Geranium         Med. Sun-Part     purple flowers in summer.        
Grass, Carex buchananii          5 2' X 3'    Grass-like clumps of reddish bronze
  Fox Red Curly Sedge         High Sun-Part     with curly tips. Moist soil.     
Grass, Carex testacea            6 16" X 1'   Fine blades turn almost orange in  
  Orange Sedge                High Sun-Shade    sun, olive green in shade.       
Grass, Deschampsia caespitosa    4 18" X 12"  Native. Dark green clump of grass. 
  Tufted Hair Grass           High Sun-Part     Seed stalks produce plantlets.PNP
Grass, Elymus glaucus            4 2' X 2'    Native. Dense clumps of blue grass.
  Blue Wild Rye               Low  Sun          blue grass.                   PNP
Grass, Helictotrichon semperv.   4 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Mound of blue grass.    
  Blue Oat Grass              Med. Sun                                           
Grass, Imperata cylindr. 'Rubra' 5 18" X 18"  Top half of stems are blood red.   
  Japanese Blood Grass        Med. Sun-Part     Purplish in winter.              
Grass, Stipa tenuissima          7 2' X 2'    Deciduous. Soft, fine, bright green
  Mexican Feather Grass       Med. Sun          foliage.                         
Hosta species                    3 30" X 18"  Colorful leaves with tall stalks of
  Hosta                       Med. Shade-Part   lavender flowers. Bait for slugs.
Leucanthemum x superbum          4 2-4' X 2'  Large white single or double       
  Shasta Daisy                Med. Sun-Part     flowers May to October. Good cut.
Liatris spicata                  3 2' X 1'    Narrow plume of fluffy rose-purple 
  Spike Gayfeather            Low  Sun          flowers July-Sept. Excellent cut.
Limonium latifolium              4 2' X 18"   White and blue or pink flowers from
  Sea Lavender                Low  Sun          May to July. Needs good drainage.
Linum lewisii                    5 15" X 12"  Native. Delicate blue flowers on   
  Blue Flax                   Low  Sun          slender stalks. Drought tolerant.
Linum perenne                    5 18" X 12"  Profuse light blue flowers May to  
  Perennial blue flax         Low  Sun          September. Fern-like leaves.     
Lupinus hybrid                   3 30" X 18"  Stately flower spikes up to 1' from
  Hybrid Lupine               Med. Sun          June to August. Good cut flowers.
Monarda didyma                   4 2' X 18"   White, scarlet, or purple flowers  
  Bee balm, Bergamot          Med. Sun          June-August attract hummingbirds.
Parahebe perfoliata              7 2' X 3'    Evergreen. Bluish-gray foliage.    
  Digger's Speedwell          Med. Sun-Part     Blue-violet flowers May-August.  
Penstemon hybrid                 5 2' X 2'    Soft pink to deep purple flowers   
  Penstemon, Beard Tongue     Low  Sun          June-Sep. Attracts hummingbirds. 
Phlox paniculata                 4 2' X 2'    Many colors available, some with a 
  Summer Phlox                Any  Sun          contrasting eye.                 
Polemonium caeruleum             4 2' X 1'    Clusters of sky blue flowers above 
  Jacob's Ladder              High Sun-Shade    ladder-like leaves June to August
Rudbeckia hirta                  3 30" X 2'   Large yellow flowers with brown    
  Black Eyed Susan            Med. Sun          center from June to October.     
Santolina chamaecyparissus       7 18" X 2'   Silvery-gray, finely divided leaves
  Lavender Cotton             Low  Sun          are fragrant when crushed.       
Scabiosa columbaria              5 18" X 18"  Blue, pink or white flowers June to
  Pincushion                  Low  Sun-Part     frost. Good cut or dried.        
Solidago species                 5 2' X 18"   Large clusters of golden yellow    
  Goldenrod                   Med. Sun-Part     flowers July to October.         
Stokesia laevis                  5 18" X 18"  Aster-like flowers of blue, violet,
  Stokes Aster                Med. Sun          or white in June to September.   
Syneilesis palmata               5 18" X 18"  Umbrella of finely divided leaves.
  Shredded Umbrella Plant     Low  Shade-Part   Light pink flowers in June-July.
Tanacetum coccineum              5 30" x 18"  Pink to red daisies in June-July.  
  Painted Daisy               Med. Sun          Natural insecticide.             
Tradescantia virginiana          3 18" X 18"  Arching branches with white or blue
  Spiderwort                  High Part Shade   flowers in summer.               
Veronica species                 4 2' X 1'    Deep blue or red flower spikes.    
  Speedwell                   Med. Sun-Part     'Red Fox' is good for cut flowers

Tall Summer Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Acanthus mollis                  6 3' X 3'    Large, shiny green leaves. Spike   
  Grecian Pattern Plant       Med. Sun-Part     of lilac or rose flowers in June.
Achillea species                 3 3' X 2'    Yellow or pastel flowers heads in  
  Yarrow                      Low  Sun-part     June-Sept. Good cut or dried.    
Aconitum napellus                3 4' X 18"   Blue or soft pink helmet-shaped    
  Monkshood                   High Sun-Part     flowers July-August. Poisonous.  
Alcea rosea                      3 5' X 2'    Biennial. Old fashioned favorite   
  Hollyhock                   Med. Sun          now in many colors July-August.  
Allium giganteum                 4 5' X 1'    Bulb. Ball-like clusters of lilac  
  Giant Allium                Med. Sun          flowers in July.                 
Baptisia australis               4 3' X 4'    Spikes of small indigo blue flowers
  False Indigo                Low  Sun          in summer. Attractive seeds.     
Brugmansia species (Datura)      8 3-8'X 3-8' Tender perennial needs protection. 
  Angel's Trumpet             Med. Sun-Shade    Large, fragrant white flowers.   
Canna species                    7 3-6' X 2'  Tall stalk with large leaves and   
  Canna                       Med. Sun          many colored flowers.            
Centranthus ruber                4 3' X 18"   Rosy red flowers from June to Sept.
  Jupiter's Beard             Low  Sun-Part     Good cut flowers. Needs drainage.
Cimicifuga racemosa              4 6' X 3'    Spikes of white flowers from July  
  Bugbane, Black Cohosh       High Shade-Part   to Oct. Seed clusters good dried.
Crocosmia crocosmiliflora        4 3' X 18"   Strings of orange-crimson flowers  
  Montbretia                  Low  Sun          in July and August. Good cut.    
Cynara cardunculus               7 5' X 4'    Large, toothed silvery leaves. Blue
  Cardoon                     Med. Sun          violet flowers July-September.   
Dahlia hybrids                   8 2-6'X 2-4' Tuber. Many colors and forms. Dig  
  Dahlia                      Med. Sun-Part     or cover with mulch in the Fall. 
Echinacea purpurea               4 2' X 3'    Showy flowers of drooping purple   
  Purple Coneflower           Med. Sun-Part     petals in summer.                
Echinops exaltatus               4 3' X 1'    Coarse, prickly, gray-green leaves.
  Globe thistle               Med. Sun          Steel blue flowers July to Sept. 
Eupatorium maculatum             4 5' X 3'    Narrow leaves with showy chartreuse
  Joe Pye Weed                Med. Sun-Part     bracts. Blooms from July to Sept.
Fern, Athyrium filix-femina      4 2' X 2'    Fine double cut leaves arch up and 
  Lady Fern                   Med. Shade        out.                          PNP
Fern, Matteuccia struthiopteris  4 3' X 2'    Tall deciduous fronds with shorter 
  Ostrich Fern                High Shade-Part   evergreen fronds.                
Fern, Osmunda cinnamomea         4 4' X 3'    Long bluish-green and reddish-brown
  Cinnamon Fern               High Shade        fronds emerge in spring.         
Fern, Osmunda regalis            4 4' X 4'    Large, handsome fronds die down in 
  Royal Fern                  High Shade        winter.                          
Filipendula palmata              4 3' X 2'    Tiny pink flowers in tall umbels,  
  Siberian Meadowsweet        Med. Sun-Shade    June to August. Good cut.        
Fuchsia magellanica              4 3' X 3'    Native. Red, white and violet flow-
  Hardy Fuchsia               High Part Shade   ers on rounded bush July to frost
Grass, Stipa gigantea            6 6' X 6'    Clumps of 3' leaves with 6' tall   
  Giant Feather Grass         Med. Sun          and wide yellowish seed heads.   
Gunnera manicata                 7 8' X 6'    Huge leaves with prominent veins.  
  Dinosaur Plant              High Part shade   Tiny red fruit. Needs rich soil. 
Gypsophila paniculata            4 3' X 3'    Tiny pink flowers on branched stems
  Baby's Breath               Med. Sun          July to October. Good cut.       
Helenium autumnale               4 3' X 3'    Daisy-like flowers of red, yellow, 
  Sneezeweed                  Low  Sun          copper Summer to early Fall.     
Helianthus species               4 5' X 2'    Tall stalk with yellow flowers from
  Sunflower                   High Sun          July to September. Good cut.     
Heliopsis helianthoides          3 3' X 3'    Deciduous. Large yellow flowers in 
  Ox Eye                      High Sun          summer. Needs well drained soil. 
Heliotropium arborescens         9 4' X 4'    Tender perennial. Very fragrant    
  Heliotrope                  High Sun-Part     blue flowers in summer.          
Hemerocallis hybrids             3 3' X 2'    Yellow orange bronze red or white  
  Daylily                     Med. Sun          flowers May to October. Easy care
Hibiscus moscheutos              4 5' X 5'    8" red, pink, rose or white flowers
  Rose Mallow                 Med. Sun          from June until frost.           
Kirengeshoma palmata             4 4' X 3'    Palmate leaves with yellow flowers 
  Yellow Waxbells             Med. Shade-Part   in August.                       
Kniphofia uvaria                 6 3' X 2'    Spikes of orange-red flowers June  
  Red Hot Poker               Low  Sun          to August. Attracts hummingbirds.
Lavandula species                6 3' X 3'    Evergreen. Gray leaves with fra-   
  Lavender                    Low  Sun          grant lavender flowers July-Aug. 
Lavatera thuringiaca             6 5' X 5'    Evergreen. Hollyhock like pink     
  Tree Mallow                 Low  Sun          flowers all summer.              
Ligularia dentata                4 3' X 30"   Large heart-shaped red leaves with 
  Golden Ray                  Med. Shade-Part   yellow flowers August to Sept.   
Lilium orientalis hybrids        4 3' X 18"   Many colors of very fragrant       
  Asian Lily                  Med. Sun          flowers in late summer. Good cut.
Linaria purpurea                   3' X 1'    Purple snapdragon-like flowers all 
  Toadflax                    Med. Sun          summer and fall.                 
Lobelia cardinalis               5 3' X 1'    Flame red flowers in June-July at- 
  Cardinal Flower             Med. Sun          tract hummingbirds & butterflies.
Meconopsis betonicifolia         4 3' X 18"   Sky blue poppies on a tall leafy   
  Himalayan Blue Poppy        Med. Shade-Part   stem in June to July.            
Nepeta faassenii                 4 3' X 2'    Violet blue flowers above blue-gray
  Catmint                     Low  Sun-Part     leaves July to September.        
Papaver orientalis               3 3' X 18"   Large hairy divided leaves. 3-6"   
  Oriental Poppy              Low  Sun-Part     flowers in May to June.          
Perovskia atriplicifolia         5 4' X 3'    Gray-green leaves. Violet blue     
  Russian Sage                Low  Sun          flower spikes July to Sept.      
Phlomis fruticosa                6 4' X 3'    Silver-gray leaves. Yellow flowers 
  Jerusalem Sage              Low  Sun          attract bees and butterflies.    
Phormium tenax                   8 2-5' X 8'  Dramatic clumps of straplike leaves
  New Zealand Flax            Any  Sun-Part     with red flowers. Salt tolerant. 
Phygelius capensis               7 3' X 3'    Red, coral, pink or yellow tubular 
  Cape Fuchsia                Low  Sun-Shade    flowers all summer.              
Physostegia virginiana           3 3' X 2'    Tall spikes of pink or white flow- 
  Obedient Plant              Med. Sun-Part     ers in late summer.              
Platycodon grandiflorus          4 3' X 2'    Balloon-like buds open to blue pink
  Baloon Flower               Med. Part Shade   or white flowers June to August. 
Plumbago auriculata              9 5' X 8'    Semi-evergreen. White to blue       
  Cape Plumbago               Low  Sun          flowers April until frost.       
Ratibida pinnata                 4 4' X 2'    Yellow ray flowers with brown cent- 
  Prairie Coneflower          Med. Sun          ers.                            
Romneya coulteri                 4 6' X 3'    Fragrant large white flowers May   
  Matilija Poppy              Low  Sun          to July. Good cut flowers.       
Senecio greyi                    8 3' X 3'    Evergreen. Silvery leaves with     
  Daisy Bush                  Low  Sun          yellow daisy flowers in summer.  
Sidalcea malviflora              6 3' X 2'    Pink or red flowers resemble holly-
  Checkerbloom                Med. Sun-Part     hocks. Attracts hummingbirds.    
Verbascum species                5 3' X 1'    White wooly leaves. Yellow or      
  Mullein                     Low  Sun-Part     purple flowers in summer.        
Xerophyllum tenax                3 5' X 3"    Native evergreen. Grass like leaves
  Beargrass                   Low  Sun-Part     and creamy plume flowers.        

Low Fall Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Crocus sativus                   5 6" X 4"    Bulb. Lilac flowers in fall.       
  Fall or Saffron Crocus      Low  Sun          Stigma of flower makes saffron.  
Cyclamen hederifolium            6 4" X 1'    Leaves marbled silver and white.   
  Hardy Cyclamen              Med. Sun-Part     White or pink flowers August-Oct.
Osteospermum barberae            4 12" X 18"  Purple flowers from fall to spring.
  African Daisy               Med. Sun          Needs good drainage.             

Medium Fall Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Amaryllis belladona              6 2' X 1'    Fragrant pink trumpet flowers on   
  Naked Lady                  Low  Sun-Part     naked stalks after leaves die.   
Anemone huphensis                5 2' X 15"   Purple to white flowers in fall.   
  Japanese Anemone            Med. Sun-Part     Excellent for cut flowers.       
Aster species                    4 18" X 1'   Daisy flowers in many colors bloom 
  Asters                      Med. Sun          August to frost. Good cut.       
Chrysanthemum morifolium         4 2' X 3'    Many colors and styles of flowers  
  Garden Chrysanthemum        Med. Sun          August to frost. Good cut.       
Schizostylis coccinea            7 2' X 2'    Cup-shaped red to pink flowers over
  Kaffir Lily                 Med. Sun-Part     iris-like leaves in fall.        
Sedum species                    4 18" X 15"  Succulent leaves with large pink,  
  Fall Sedum                  Low  Sun-Part     red, or orange flowers in fall.  

Tall Fall Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Boltonia asteroides              4 4' X 3'    Thousands of white or pink daisies 
  False Starwort              Low  Sun          in August to October.            
Chelone species                  5 3' X 2'    Unusual white pink or red flowers  
  Turtlehead                  High Sun-Part     resemble a turtle's head.        
Grass, Calamagrostis acutiflora  4 4' X 3'    Tall grass with feathery tops.     
  Feather Grass               Med. Sun          Golden yellow in the Fall.       
Grass, Cortaderia sell. 'Pumila' 5 5' X 6'    Large clump of grass with white or 
  Ivory Feathers Pampas Gr    Any  Sun-Part     pink plumes 
in fall.             
Grass, Miscanthus sinensis       5 5' X 4'    Tall, graceful grass. Tan or brown 
  Japanese Maiden Grass       Med. Sun-Shade    in winter.                       
Grass, Molinea caerulea          4 5' X 4'    Dark green grass. Turns yellow in  
  Moor Grass                  Med. Sun          Fall.                            
Grass, Panicum virgatum          4 4' X 3'    Blue to red blades in summer. Airy 
  Switch Grass                Med. Sun          seed heads in fall.              
Grass, Pennisetum alopecuroides  5 3' X 3'    Dense, rounded clump topped with   
  Fountain Grass              Low  Sun-Part     purple flower stalks. Likes dry. 
Grass, Pennisetum seta. 'Rubrum' 6 4' X 3'    Dense, rounded clump topped with   
  Purple Fountain Grass       Low  Sun-Part     purple flower stalks. Likes dry. 
Typha latifolia                  4 6' X 4'    Native bog plant. Makes thick      
  Cattails                    High Sun          clumps in moist soil.         PNP

Low Winter Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Primula species                  5 6" X 6"    Hardy flowers in late winter in    
  Primroses                   High Sun-Part     many colors. Needs good drainage.
Viola wittrockiana               5 6" X 6"    Winter pansies in many colors can  
  Pansy                       Med. Sun-Shade    bloom all year in part shade.    

Medium Winter

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Helleborus niger                 4 18" X 1'   Leathery dark green leaves. White  
  Christmas Rose              High Shade-Part   flowers turn purplish. Dec-April.
Helleborus foetidus              4 18" X 1'   Evergreen. Lacy light green leaves. 
  Bear's Foot Hellebore       High Shade-Part   Pale green flowers Jan-Apr.

Low All Year Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Fern, Polystichum setiferum      6 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Low spreading, finely   
  Alaskan Fern                Med. Shade-Part   cut fronds.                      
Grass, Carex morrowii expallida  5 12" X 18"  Drooping leaves striped with white.
  Variegated Japane. Sedge    High Sun-Part     Prefers moist soil.              
Grass, Festuca ovina 'Glauca'    4 10" X 10"  Evergreen. Low clumps of fine blue 
  Blue Fescue Grass           Low  Sun-Part     grass. Needs good drainage.      
Grass, Scirpus cernuus           8 8" X 8"    Drooping green threadlike leaves   
  Fiber Optic Grass           High Part Shade   with brown tip. Good in pots.    
Herniaria glabra                 5 2" X 1'    Tiny green leaves turn bronzy in   
  Green Carpet                Med. Sun-Shade    winter. Good groundcover.        
Mentha requienii                 5 1" X 1'    Evergreen. Very low. Very fragrant 
  Corsican Mint               High Shade-Part   when bruised or crushed.         
Raoulia australis                7 3" X 1'    Evergreen groundcover. Tiny gray   
  Raoulia                     Med. Sun          leaves. Needs perfect drainage.  
Rubus calycinoides               6 6" X 3'    Evergreen groundcover. Small white 
  Creeping Raspberry          Low  Sun-Part     flowers. Edible fruit.           
Scaevola aemula                  9 6" X 3'    Evergreen. Lavender blue flowers   
  Fan Flowers                 Med. Sun          almost all year. Good groundcover
Selaginella kraussiana           7 2" X 1'    Evergreen. Dense mat with great    
  Spikemoss                   High Part Shade   color in shade gardens.          
Soleirolia soleirolii            7 1" X 1'    Evergreen. Dense mat. Tolerates    
  Baby Tears                  Med. Shade        foot traffic.                    
Tolmiea menziesii                7 15" X 2'   Native groundcover. Tiny reddish   
  Piggyback Plant             High Shade-Part   flowers.                      PNP

Medium All Year Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Aspidistra elatior               7 18" X 3'   Evergreen. Strap like leaves.      
  Cast Iron Plant             Med. Shade        Tolerates deep shade. Very tough.
Asplenium scolopendrium          6 18" X 15"  Native evergreen. Strap-like fronds
  Hart's Tongue Fern          Med. Shade-Part   with wavy edges.                 
Fern, Cyrtomium falcatum         8 2' X 2'    Evergreen, but tender at 25 degrees
  Holly Fern                  High Shade-Part   Does well indoors.               
Fern, Polystichum munitum        6 3' X 3'    Native evergreen. Excellent for    
  Western Sword Fern          Low  Shade        woodsy area. Tolerates dry.   PNP
Fern, Polystichum polyblepharum  6 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Fronds unfurl backwards 
  Tassel Fern                 High Shade-Part   creating a tassel.               
Grass, Carex tumulicola          8 18" X 18"  Native evergreen grass. Tuft of    
  Berkeley Sedge              Med. Sun-Part     narrow green leaves.          PNP
Grass, Juncus effusus            5 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Tolerates wet    
  Soft Rush                   High Sun-Part     soil. J. e. Spiralis is twisted. 

Tall All Year Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Fern, Dicksonia antarctica       9 12' X 15'  Evergreen. 6' arching fronds.      
  Tasmanian Tree Fern         High Shade        Protect from frost.            

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