Perennials Listed by Flower Season and Height Spring Color

Perennials by Flower Season and Height

by Rod Smith

Former Iowa Certified Nurseryman and
Oregon Certified Nursery Professional

© 1999-2024 Rodney A. Smith

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Find plants by common name by clicking on Common and Scientific Names of Trees, Shrubs, Vines & Perennials

Click on underlined plant names to see a picture.
Low = under 15 inches, Medium = 15 inches to 30 inches, Tall = over 30 inches

PPL means that the perennial is included in the Portland Plant List of recommended plants.
FR = Fire Resistant

Low Spring Perennials
Medium Spring Perennials
Tall Spring Perennials
Low Summer Perennials
Medium Summer Perennials
Tall Summer Perennials
Low Fall Perennials
Medium Fall Perennials
Tall Fall Perennials
Low Winter Perennials
Medium Winter Perennials
Tall Winter Perennials
Low All Year Perennials
Medium All Year Perennials
Tall All Year Perennials

Low Spring Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Ajuga reptans                  4-8 5" X 12"   Evergreen. Blue flowers. Green
  Carpet Bugle                Med. Sun-Part     bronze purple or varieg. leaves. FR
Anemone blanda                   4 4" X 6"    Bulb. Single blue, pink or white
  Windflower                  Low  Part Sun     flower in March.
Anemone pulsatilla               5 1' x 1'    Low mound of feathery leaves.
  Pasque Flower               Med. Sun-Part     Violet flowers in spring.
Arabis caucasica                 3 4" X 1'    White flowers on fleshy leaves in
  Rock Cress                  Med. Sun          March to April. Good rock garden.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi        2-6 8" X 4'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers.
  Kinnikinnick                Low  Sun-Part     Red berries. Good groundcover.PPL FR
Arenaria montana                 3 4" X 18"   Low mound of white flowers from
  Montana Sandwort            Med. Sun-Part     March to April. Likes lime.
Armeria maritima               4-8 10" X 1'   Native evergreen. Mound of leaves.
  Sea Thrift                  Med. Sun-Part     Pink or white flowers April-June. FR
Asarum caudatum                  4 4" X 2'    Native. Large, heart shaped leaves.
  Wild Ginger                 High Shade-Part   Brown flowers early Spring.   PPL
Asarum species                   4 6" X 18"   Groundcover. Glossy leaves hide
  Wild Ginger                 High Shade-Part   small red flowers.
Asarum splendens                 4 6" X 2'    Large, heart shaped leaves with
  Chinese Ginger              High Shade-Part   white stripes. Tiny red flowers.
Aubrieta deltoidea             4-8 5" X 15"   Low mat of red to blue flowers in
  Rock Cress                  Med. Sun-Part     March to May. Good in rock walls. FR
Aurinia saxatilis              3-7 10" X 1'   Evergreen. Green gray leaves with
  Basket Of Gold              Med. Sun-Part     yellow flowers from April-June. FR
Bellis perennis                  4 5" X 6"    Red, rose, and white flowers in
  English Daisy               Med. Sun-Part     April and May. Good in lawns.
Bergenia cordifolia            3-8 12" X 2'   Evergreen. Large heart shaped
  Heartleaf Bergenia          Med. Sun-Part     leaves. Pink flowers in spring. FR
Calceolaria biflora              6 12" X 8"   Evergreen. Pouch-like flowers of
  Pocketbook Flower           Med. Shade-Part   yellow and red in May and June.
Ceanothus gloriosus             4-8 12" X 3'   Evergreen. Blue flowers in late
  Point Reyes Ceanothus       Low  Sun          spring. Good groundcover.       FR
Convallaria majalis              3 6" X 15"   Small fragrant bell-shaped white
  Lily-of-the-Valley          Med. Shade-Part   flowers in May. Poisonous.
Cornus canadensis                1 3" X 2'    Semi-evergreen. White flowers in
  Bunchberry                  Med. Sun-Shade    spring. Red berries in fall.  PNP
Cotoneaster dammeri              1 5" X 6'    Evergreen. White flowers in
  Bearberry Cotoneaster       Low  Sun-Shade    spring. Orange berries in fall.
Cotula squalida                  4 2" X 1'    Evergreen. Button flowers in May-
  Brass Buttons               Med. Part Sun     June. Fern-like foliage creeps.
Crocus vernus                    3 4" X 4"    Bulb. White, pink, blue, or purple
  Dutch Crocus                Low  Sun-Part     flowers in February to March. FR
Dianthus deltoides             3-9 1-3' X 1'  Low mound or tall cut flower in
  Carnation or Pinks          Med. Sun-Part     pink, red and white May to July. FR
Dicentra formosa                 3 12" X 18"  Native. Dark fern-like leaves.
  Western Bleeding Heart      Low  Shade-Part   Pink flowers April to June.   PPL
Epimedium grandiflorum           4 1' X 3'    Evergreen. Red white pink or 
  Bishop's Hat                Med. Part Shade   violet flowers. Bronze leaves.
Fragaria 'Lipstick'              4 4" X 24"   Evergreen groundcover. Large, rose
  Lipstick Strawberry         Med. Sun-Part     colored flowers in spring.
Fragaria chiloensis            5-9 6" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover. White
  Wild Strawberry             Med. Sun-Part     flowers in spring. Red berries. FR
Galanthus nivalis                3 8" X 8"    Bulb. Dainty white bells in Feb. to
  Snowdrop                    Med. Shade-Part   March. Naturalizes under trees.
Galium odoratum                  4 8" X 2'    Small white flowers on dense mat
  Sweet Woodruff              Med. Shade        of green from May to August.
Geranium macrorrhizum          4-8 1' X 2'    Magenta flowers in May to July.
  Bigroot Geranium            Low  Sun-Part     Groundcover. Attracts butterflies.
Heucherella tiarelloides         4 1' X 2'    Hybrids between Heuchera and Tia-
  Foam Flower                 Med. Part shade   rella. Colorful foliage.
Hyacinthus orientalis          4-8 8" X 6"    Bulb. Very fragrant spikes of blue,
  Hyacinth                    Low  Sun-Part    white, pink or purple April-May.
Iberis sempervirens              4 8" X 1'    Evergreen. White flowers in April
  Candytuft                   Low  Sun          cover low mound of small leaves.
Iris "Dutch Hybrid"              5 8" X 5"    Bulb. Slender stalks topped by iris
  Dutch Iris                  Med. Sun-Part     flower in many colors in April.
Leontipodium alpinum             3 6" X 8"    White woolly leaves. Flowers and
  Edelweis                    Med. Sun-Part     floral leaves in May to July.
Leucojum vernum                    6" X 6"    Bulb. Clusters of white bells in
  Snowflake                   Med. Shade        March. Naturalizes under trees.
Lewisia cotyledon                4 10" X 5"   Evergreen. Pink to orange flowers 
  Lewisia                     Low  Sun-Part     in May-Aug. above rosette leaves.
Lithodora diffusa                5 5" X 3'    Evergreen. Brilliant blue flowers
  Lithospermum                Med. Sun-Part     May to July. Likes good drainage.
Mazus reptans                    5 2" X 18"   Evergreen groundcover. Blue flowers
  Mazus                       Med. Sun-Part     in spring. Moist well drained.
Muscari armeniacum               4 6" X 6"    Bulb. Bright blue flowers on 6"
  Grape Hyacinth              Low  Sun-Part     spikes in March and April.
Myosotis sylvatica               3 8" X 8"    Blue, pink, or white flowers May to
  Forget-Me-Not               Med. Sun-Shade    September. Spreads easily.
Narcissus species              4-8 14" X 12'    Bulb. Yellow, orange, or white
  Miniature Daffodils         Low  Sun-Part     flowers in March to April. Easy.
Oxalis oregana                   3 7" X 30"   Native groundcover for shade. White
  Wood sorrel                 Med. Shade-Part   flowers April-June.             PPL
Pachysandra terminalis         5-9 8" X 1'    Evergreen. White flower spikes.
  Japanese Spurge             High Shade-Part   Dark green leaves. Groundcover. FR
Phlox subulata                 3-9 4" X 1'    Evergreen. Dense mat of color in
  Creeping Phlox              Med. Sun          May-June. Needs good drainage.  FR
Ranunculus asiaticus             4 12" X 1'   Large yellow, orange, red, pink, or
  Persian Ranunculus          Med. Sun          white flowers in April to June.
Rhodohypoxis baurii              4 4" X 4"    Mass of rose red flowers in spring
  Rhodohypoxis                Med. Sun          and summer. Good rock garden.
Sagina sublata                   4 2" X 1'    Dense mat of dark green with small
  Irish Moss                  Med. Sun-Part     white flowers in spring.
Sagina sublata 'Aurea'           4 2" X 1'    Dense mat of light green with small
  Scotch Moss                 Med. Sun-Part     white flowers in spring.
Saponaria species                3 1' X 3'    Dark, oval leaves with pink flowers
  Soapwort                    Low  Sun          in spring. Good groundcover.
Saxifraga species                4 1' X 18"   Small white star-like flowers with
  Rockfoil                    Med. Shade-Part   a reddish tinge in April-June.
Silene species                   5 12" X 15"  Groundcover. Magenta to cream flow-
  Moss Campion                Med. Sun-Part     ers in spring.
Sisyrinchium angustifolium       3 1' X 1'    Green or bluish leaves. Purple &
  Blue-eyed Grass             Med. Sun          yellow flowers in May to June.
Sisyrinchium idahoensis        3-8 12" X 12"  Native. Thin, grass-like leaves.
  Idaho Blue-eyed Grass       Low  Sun          Purple flowers on tip of stalk. FR
Tiarella cordifolia              4 8" X 2'    Fast spreading groundcovers. White
  Foamflower                  High Shade-Part   to pink flowers.
Trillium ovatum                  4 1' X 6"    Native. Three leaves with white or
  Wake Robin                  High Shade-Part   yellow flowers in March.
Tulipa hybrid                    4 6-24" X 8" Bulb. Many colors of flowers in
  Tulip                       Med. Sun-Part     March to May. Needs good drainage
Verbena canadensis               6 10" X 3'   Evergreen. Purple flowers spring to
  Homestead Purple Verbena    Med. Sun          fall. Good groundcover.
Vinca minor                      4 1' X 3'    Evergreen. Blue, white or purple
  Periwinkle                  Med. Sun-Shade    flowers in spring and summer. FR
Viola glabella                   6 8" X 8"    Native. Small heart-shaped flowers.
  Yellow Wood Violet          Med. Shade-Part   Small yellow spring flowers.  PPL
Viola odorata                    6 6" X 1'    Dark purple flowers and a lovely
  Sweet Violet                Med. Sun-Shade    fragrance in February to April.
Waldestenia fragarioides         2 3" X 8"    Evergreen. Strawberry-like plant.
  Barren Strawberry           Med. Sun-Part     Yellow flowers in spring.

Medium Spring Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Allium cristophii              4-8 2' X 1'    Bulb. Large round clusters of 
  Star of Persia              Low  Sun          lavender flowers in May.
Anemone coronaria                6 2' X 15"   Bulb. Red, blue, purple or white
  Wind Flower                 Med. Part shade   flowers May and June. Good cut.
Aquilegia formosa              3-9 2' X 1'    Native. Red flowers in May to Aug.
  Western Columbine           Low  Part Sun     Attracts hummingbirds.     PPL FR
Aquilegia species                3 2' X 18"   Red white or blue flowers in May.
  Columbine                   Med. Sun-Shade    Attracts hummingbirds/butterflies
Brunnera macrophylla             5 15" X 1'   Airy clusters of blue flowers above
  Siberian Bugloss            High Part Shade   heart shaped leaves in March-June
Camassia quamash                 6 18" X 12"  Native bulb. Blue flowers in
  Common Camas                High Sun          Spring.                       PPL
Chrysanthemum coccinneum         4 30" X 2'   Finely divided leaves. Pink, red,
  Painted Daisy               Med. Sun          or white flowers in May.
Dianella tasmanica               7 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Blue/purple flowers in
  Flax Lily                   Med. Sun-Part     spring. Blue-green leaves.
Dicentra formosa                 3 30" X 3'   Native. Dainty pink or white
  Bleeding Heart              Low  Shade-Part   flowers in April to June.
Dicentra spectabilis             3 30" X 3'   Dainty pink or white flowers in
  Bleeding Heart              Med. Shade-Part   April to June.
Doronicum cordatum               4 18" X 12"  Low mound. Yellow daisy flowers on
  Leopard's Bane              Med. Part Shade   tall stems April-June. Good cut.
Euphorbia species                6 2' X 2'    Green to purple leaves. Chartreuse
  Spurge                      Low  Sun          to burgundy flowers.
Fern, Dryopteris erythrosora     6 18" X 18"  Evergreen. New fronds are coppery
  Autumn Fern                 Low  Shade-Part   red, mature to green.
Freesia species                  3 15" X 1'   Bulb. Fragrant flowers in many
  Freesia                     Med. Sun-Part     colors in May. Good cut flower.
Fritillaria species              5 2-4' X 1'  Bulb. Unusual flowers of orange,
  Fritillaria                 Med. Sun-Part     yellow or checkered purple/white.
Gaultheria shallon               6 2' X 3'    Native evergreen. Pink flowers in
  Salal                       Med. Sun-Shade    spring. Black edible berries. PPL
Helleborus argutifolius        6-8 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Pointed leaves. Pale
  Corsican Hellebore          Low  Shade-Part   green flowers Feb-April.
Helleborus orientalis            4 18" X 1'   Leathery dark green leaves. White,
  Lenten Rose                 High Shade-Part   pink, red, yellow, green flowers.
Heuchera sanguinea             3-8 15" X 18"  Evergreen. Tall stalks of dainty
  Coral Bells                 Med. Sun-Part     coral flowers in April-August. FR
Hyacinthoides hispanica        4-8 15" X 12"  Bulb. Spikes of blue white or pink
  Spanish Wood Hyacinths      Med. Sun-Part     flowers in April-May. Easy to grow.
Hyacinthoides non-scriptus     4-8 15" X 12"  Bulb. Spikes of blue flowers in
  Bluebells, Wood Hyacinths   Med. Sun-Part     March to May. Easy to grow.
Iris tenax                     5-9 15" X 18"  Native. Purple flowers with yellow
  Oregon iris                 Low  Sun-Part     or white. Drought tolerant. PPL FR
Libertia peregrinans             7 18" x 18"  Narrow leaves are bright orange on
  New Zealand Iris            Med. Sun-Shade    the edges. White flowers Spring.
Ligularia tussilaginea (Farfugiu 8 2' X 2'    Thick leaves with yellow spots.
  Leopard Plant               Med. Sun-Part     Yellow flowers. Good indoors.
Lychnis coronaria                6 2' X 18"   Silky white foliage. Magenta to
  Rose campion                Low  Sun-Part     crimson flowers from May to July.
Mertensia virginica              3 20" X 1'   Native. Pink turning to blue petti-
  Virginia Bluebells          Med. Shade-Part   coat flowers in April and May.
Narcissus hybrids              4-8 24" X 20'  Bulb. Yellow, orange, pink or white
  Daffodils                   Low  Sun-Part     flowers in March to April. Easy.
Narcissus tazetta              8-9 14" X 12'  Bulb. Fragrant yellow or white
  Paperwhites                 Low  Sun-Part     flowers in March to April. Easy.
Paeonia lactiflora               4 2' X 2'    Ever popular plant in many colors
  Bush Peony                  Med. Sun-Part     in May. Good cut flowers.
Papaver nudicaule              3-7 15" X 10"  3-4" flowers in many colors from
  Iceland Poppy               Low  Sun-Part     April to September. Good cut. FR
Polygonatum biflorum             3 30" X 2'   Pairs of greenish white flowers on
  Solomon's Seal              Med. Shade-Part   arching stems. Blue-black berries
Rosmarinus officinalis           8 2' X 5'    Aromatic leaves with blue flowers
  Rosemary                    Low  Sun          in spring. Needs good drainage.
Tricyrtis hirta                  6 2' X 2'    Purple spotted flowers in spring.
  Toad Lily                   High Shade-Part
Trollius species                 3 2' X 2'    Deciduous. Gold or yellow flowers
  Globeflower                 High Sun-Part     May-June.
Zantedeschia species             2 2' X 2'    White, yellow or pink flowers in
  Calla Lily                  High Sun-Part     May.

Tall Spring Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Aster frikartii                  5 3' X 2'    Large lavender blue daisies from
  Frikart's Aster             Med. Sun          May to frost if deadheaded.
Delphinium spp.                3-7 3-6' X 2'  Tall spikes of blue, lavender, or
  Larkspur                    Med. Sun          white in June. Good cut.    FR
Dierama pulcherrimum             7 5' X 5'    Sword-like leaves. Purple to white
  Wand Flower                 High Sun          bell-shaped flowers May-June.
Digitalis purpurea               4 4' X 1'    Spike of white to pink spotted
  Pink Foxglove               Med. Part shade   flowers. Leaves are poisonous.
Euryops pectinatus               8 5' X 3'    Bright yellow daisy-like flowers
  Golden Shrub Daisy          Low  Sun          March-October. Needs protection.
Hesperis matronalis              5 3' X 2'    Old fashioned plant. Fragrant lav-
  Dame's Rocket               Med. Sun-Part     ender or pink flowers May-June.
Incarvillea delavayi             5 3' X 2'    Clusters of 3" long purple trumpet
  Hardy Gloxinia              Med. Sun-Part     in May-July.
Iris ensata                    3-9 3' X 2'    Large white, lavender, purple or
  Japanese Iris               High Sun-Part     blue flowers in May. Wet or dry. FR
Iris hybrids                   3-9 3' X 2'    Many sizes and colors of flowers in
  Bearded Iris                Med. Sun          May and June.                    FR    
Iris sibirica                  3-9 3' X 2'    White, yellow, lavender, purple or
  Siberian Iris               High Sun-Part     blue flowers in May. Wet or dry. FR
Paeonia suffruticosa             6 5' X 5'    Large flowers up to 1' across in
  Tree Peony                  Med. Sun-Part     many colors in May. Some double.
Rheum palmatum                   3 4' X 3'    Deciduous. Green, bronze & dark red
  Ornamental Rhubarb          High Sun-Part     leaves. Red flower stalks in May.
Rodgersia aesculifolia           5 5' X 3'    Creamy white flowers late spring to
  Rodger's Flower             High Shade-Part   early summer. Huge fingered leaf.
Romneya coulteri               7-9 6' X 3'    Fragrant large white flowers May
  Matilija Poppy              Low  Sun          to July. Good cut flowers.
Sidalcea cusickii              7-9 3' X 1'    Native. Pink flower spikes May-July
  Cusick's Checkermallow      Med. Sun-Part     Attracts butterflies.
Sidalcea malviflora              6 3' X 2'    Pink or red flowers resemble holly-
  Checkermallow               Med. Sun-Part     hocks. Attracts hummingbirds.
Smilacina racemosa               3 3' X 1'    Tall plumes of fuzzy white flowers.
  False Solomon's Seal        High Shade-Part   Red & white speckled fruit.   PPL
Thalictrum species               5 3' X 2'    Airy plants with fuzzy flowers in
  Meadow Rue                  High Sun-Part     white, pink or purple.
Veratrum californicum           3 5' X 2'    Native. Green flowers May-June.
  California Corn Lily        High Shade-Part   Deep veined leaves. Poisonous roots.

Low Summer Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Aegopodium podagraria variegata  1 6" X 30"   Low, dense mass of light green
  Variegated Bishop's Weed    Med. Sun-Shade    leaves with white edges. Spreads.
Alchemilla mollis                3 15" X 1'   Scalloped leaves hold raindrops.
  Lady's Mantle               Med. Sun-Part     Good cut greenish flowers in June
Artemisia species                3 1' X 2'    Silvery leaves in many shapes.
  Wormwood                    Low  Sun          Yellow flowers in August.
Aruncus sylvestris               4 1' X 1'    Native. Creamy white flowers in
  Goatsbeard                  Med. Shade-Part   June and July.
Aster tongolensis 'Wartburg'     5 1' X 1'    Violet flowers with golden orange
  Wartburg Aster              Med. Sun          centers in June to September.
Cerastium tomentosum           3-7 6" X 2'    Evergreen. Silvery gray leaves.
  Snow-in-Summer              Med. Sun-Part     White flowers in early summer. FR
Conradina verticillata           5 1' X 3'    Aromatic leaves. Lavender pink
  Cumberland Rosemary         Med. Sun          flowers in June.
Convolvulus mauritanicus         7 5" X 2'    Evergreen. Lavender blue trumpet
  Ground Morning Glory        Low  Sun-Part     flowers May to September.
Corydalis lutea                  6 12" X 15"  Masses of gray-green divided leaves
  Corydalis                   High Part Shade   Yellow flowers June-August.
Delosperma cooperi             5-10 4" X 18"   Evergreen. Succulent foliage with
  Ice Plant                   Low  Sun          magenta daisies July to Sept. FR
Diascia species                  7 10" X 2'   Low spreading plant with pink flow-
  Twinspur                    Low  Sun-Part     ers from June to September.
Erodium reichardii               6 5" X 1'    Evergreen. Tough low creeper with
  Cranesbill                  Med. Sun-Part     many flowers May to October.
Eschscholzia californica           1' X 2'    Yellow, pink, or white poppies all
  California Poppy            Low  Sun          summer. Remove dead flowers.
Fern, Athyrium nipponicum        4 10" X 15"  Deciduous. Green with silver-gray
  Japanese Painted Fern       Med. Shade-Part   on burgundy stems.
Gentiana species                 3 1' X 1'    Dark blue flowers in July to Sept.
  Gentian                     High Sun          Needs good drainage & acid soil.
Geum coccinium                   4 1' X 1'    Stems of red to copper flowers
  Geum, Grecian Rose          Med. Sun-Part     above divided leaves in summer.
Gomphrena globosa                4 10" X 1'   Rounded flower heads in red, purple
  Globe Amaranth              Med. Sun-Part     and white. Excellent dried.
Goniolimon tataricum             4 1' X 1'    Many branched white flower-head in
  German Statice              Low  Sun          July-August. Excellent dried.
Grass, Acorus gramineus          5 12" X 18"  Grass-like leaves resembles tiny
  Sweet Flag                  High Sun-Part     iris. Likes lots of water.
Grass, Arrhenath. elatius bulb.  4 12" X 18"  Narrow leaves boldly edged with
  Bulbous Oat Grass           Med. Sun-Part     white.
Grass, Hakonechloa macra         5 10" X 18"  Graceful slender leaves with gold
  Japanese Forest Grass       High Shade        stripes. Spreads slowly.
Grass, Scirpus cernuus           9 10" X 10"  Small white seed on tip of each
  Fiber Optic Grass           High Sun-Part     blade.
Helianthemum nummularium       4-7 6" X 1'    Red, orange, yellow, pink, peach, &
  Sunrose                     Low  Sun          white flowers in June to August. FR
Hypericum calycinum              7 12" X 2'   Evergreen. Large yellow flowers
  St. Johns Wort              Med. Sun-Shade    in summer.
Lamium maculatum               3-8 6" X 2'    Silver leaves. Pink or white
  Deadnettle                  Med. Part Shade   flowers in May-July. FR
Leptinella squalida              5 1" X 1'    Evergreen. Gray to black fern like
  Brass Buttons               Med. Sun-Shade    leaves. Tolerates foot traffic.
Liriope species                  5 15" X 18"  Clumps of grass-like leaves with
  Lilyturf                    Med. Shade-Part   spikes of blue flowers July-Oct.
Lysimachia nummularia            3 6" X 3'    Evergreen. Yellow flowers in
  Creeping Jenny              High Shade-Part   summer. Good groundcover.
Matricaria recutia                 8" X 1'    Fine cut fern-like leaves with
  Feverfew, Chamomile         Low  Sun          white & yellow flowers June-July.
Muehlenbeckia axillaris          3 5" X 15"   Evergreen groundcover. Translucent
  Creeping Wire Vine          Med. Sun-Part     white fruit with black seeds.
Oenothera missouriensis        3-7 6" X 16"   Large, light yellow flowers May to
  Missouri Primrose           Low  Sun-Part     September. Good groundcover. FR
Ophiopogon japonicus             6 8" X 10"   Evergreen. Dark green tufts like
  Mondo Grass                 Med. Sun-Shade    grass. Lilac flowers in summer.
Ophiopogon planisca. 'Nigra'     5 10" X 2'   Evergreen. Glossy black leaves.
  Black Mondo Grass           Med. Sun-Part     Lilac flowers in late summer.
Potentilla verna nana            3 4" X 1'    Yellow flowers in summer.
  Dwarf Potentilla            Med. Sun
Pratia pedunculata               4 3" X 1'    Evergreen. Blue star-like flowers
  Blue Star Creeper           Med. Sun-Part     in late spring and summer.
Pulmonaria species               4 1' X 18"   Dark green leaves with white spots.
  Lungwort                    Med. Shade-Part   Deep blue flowers in June & July.
Salvia species                 4-9 1-3' X 2'  Narrow gray-green leaves. Fragrant
  Garden Sage                 Low  Sun-Part     blue or pink flowers June-August. FR
Sedum oreganum                 7-8 3" X 1'    Native evergreen groundcover.
  Oregon Stonecrop            L-M  Sun          Yellow flowers in summer.     PPL FR
Sedum species                  3-8 3" X 1'    Evergreen. Heat and drought resist-
  Creeping Stonecrop          Low  Sun-Part     ant. White to purple flowers. FR
Sempervivum species            4-9 6" X 12"   Rosettes of green and purple leaves
  Hen and Chicks              Low  Sun-Part     Red or yellow flowers in summer. FR
Stachys byzantina              4-8 1' X 2'    Soft, white, woolly leaves. Small
  Lamb's Ear                  Low  Sun-Part     purplish flower spikes in June. FR
Syneilesis palmatum              3 18" X 18"  Umbrella of finely divided leaves.
  Shredded Umbrella Plant     Low  Shade-Part   Light pink flowers in June-July.
Thymus species                 4-9 4" X 1'    Aromatic leaves with tiny red to
  Thyme                       Low  Sun-Part     blue flowers. Good groundcover.
Trifolium repens 'Dark Dancer'   4 4" x 1'    Evergreen groundcover. Low mat with
  Dark Dancer Clover          Med. Sun-Part     dark spots on leaves. White flowers
Tritelaia hyacinthina            4 15" X 15"  Native bulb. Clusters of white/purp-
  White Brodiaea              Med. Sun          lish flowers in June-July.
Zauschneria species              3 5" X 18"   Deciduous. Orange scarlet flowers
  California Fuchsia          Low  Sun-Part     in summer attract hummingbirds.

Medium Summer Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure 
Achillea millefolium             3 30" X 2'   Native. White, flat flowers in sum-
  Common Yarrow               Low  Sun-Part     mer. Good cut/dried flowers.  PPL
Agapanthus africanus             7 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Stalks of blue or white
  Lily Of The Nile            Low  Sun-Part     flowers in summer. Needs shelter.
Agastache species                6 2' X 1'    Attracts hummingbirds. Masses of
  Hyssop                      Med. Sun-Part     red, pink or lavender flowers.
Alstroemeria hybrids             8 2' X 3'    Orange yellow pink red and white
  Peruvian Lily               Med. Part Sun     flowers June to July. Good cut.
Anaphalis margaritacea           3 2' X 1'    Native. Gray-green leaves. Papery
  Pearly Everlasting          High Sun          white flowers in late summer. PPL
Anthemis tinctoria               4 2' X 2'    Pale yellow daisies in summer.
  Hardy Marguerite Daisy      Med. Sun          Great cut flowers.
Aquilegia formosa              3-9 2' X 2'    Native. Red flowers in May to Aug.
  Red Columbine               Low  Part Sun     Attracts hummingbirds.     PPL FR
Asclepias cordifolia             4 2' X 3'    Blue flowers from July to Sept.
  Butterfly Weed              Med. Sun          Attracts butterflies.
Astilbe arendsii                 3 2' X 18"   Tall spikes of red pink or white
  Astilbe                     High Sun-Shade    flowers from May to July.
Astrantia major                  4 2' X 2'    Red, pink or white flowers in
  Masterwort                  Med. Sun-Part     summer. Good cut or dried.
Ballota nigra 'Archers Variety'  4 2' X 3'    Leaves have white streaks and spots
  Variegated Horehound        Low  Sun          Tiny purple flowers in summer.
Campanula species                4 1-5' X 1'  Bell or star shaped flowers. Many
  Bellflower                  High Shade-Part   forms and colors are available.
Catananche caerulea              4 18" X 1'   Gray green leaves. Deep blue flow-
  Cupid's Dart                Low  Sun          ers June to August. Good dried.
Ceratostigma plumbaginoides      6 18" X 2'   Intense blue flowers from July to
  Dwarf Plumbago              Med. Sun-Part     September. Reddish new leaves.
Convolvulus cneorum              8 2' X 2'    Evergreen. White or light pink
  Silver Bush Morn. Glory     Low  Sun-Part     trumpet flowers May to September.
Coreopsis verticillata         3-9 18" X 18"  Profuse yellow daisies from June
  Coreopsis, Tickseed         Low  Sun-Part     to September.                 FR
Cosmos atrosanguineus            8 2' X 2'    Deep brownish red flowers with
  Chocolate Cosmos            Med. Sun          chocolate or vanilla fragrance.
Dietes bicolor                   8 18" X 15"  Iris-like leaves with yellow and
  African Iris                Med. Sun-Part     maroon flowers spring to fall.
Erigeron species                 7 18" X 1'   Aster-like white, lavender or pink
  Fleabane                    Med. Sun-Part     flowers August to frost. Native.
Eryngium amethystinum            4 2' X 1'    Thistle-like plant. Steel blue or
  Sea holly                   Low  Sun          amethyst flowers July to Sept.
Erysimum linifolium              6 2' X 2'    Yellow to purple flowers all summer
  Wallflower                  Med. Sun-Part     long.
Eucomis comosa                   7 3' X 3'    Large, strap-like leaves with tall
  Purple Pineapple Lily       Med. Sun-Part     bloom resembling a pineapple.
Felicia amelloides               9 18" X 4'   Sky-blue, yellow-centered daisies
  Blue Marguerite             Med. Sun          all summer. Fragrant leaves.
Fern, Adiantum pedantum          2 18" X 18"  Fronds fork in finger-like pattern
  Western Maidenhair Fern     High Shade-Part   on slender black stems.
Fern, Blechnum spicant           7 2' X 2'    Low spreading sterile fronds and
  Deer Fern                   Med. Shade        upright fertile fronds.       PPL
Fern, Dryopteris expansa         4 2' X 2'    Finely divided upright fronds die
  Wood Fern                   Med. Shade-Part   down in winter.
Gaillardia grandiflora         3-9 2' X 2'    Daisy-like flowers of yellow, red,
  Blanket Flower              Low  Sun          orange and maroon June to frost. FR
Gaura lindheimeri                7 18" X 2'   Pink buds open into white flowers
  Gaura                       Low  Sun          like white butterflies June-Sept.
Geranium species               4-9 2' X 2'    Small to large cut leaves. White to
  Cranesbill Geranium         Med. Sun-Part     purple flowers in summer.        FR
Grass, Carex buchananii          5 2' X 3'    Grass-like clumps of reddish bronze
  Fox Red Curly Sedge         High Sun-Part     with curly tips. Moist soil.
Grass, Carex testacea            6 16" X 1'   Fine blades turn almost orange in
  Orange Sedge                High Sun-Shade    sun, olive green in shade.
Grass, Deschampsia caespitosa    4 18" X 12"  Native. Dark green clump of grass.
  Tufted Hair Grass           High Sun-Part     Seed stalks produce plantlets.PPL
Grass, Elymus glaucus            4 2' X 2'    Native. Dense clumps of blue grass.
  Blue Wild Rye               Low  Sun          blue grass.                   PPL
Grass, Helictotrichon semperv.   4 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Mound of blue grass.
  Blue Oat Grass              Med. Sun
Grass, Imperata cylindr. 'Rubra' 5 18" X 18"  Top half of stems are blood red.
  Japanese Blood Grass        Med. Sun-Part     Purplish in winter.
Grass, Stipa tenuissima          7 2' X 2'    Deciduous. Soft, fine, bright green
  Mexican Feather Grass       Med. Sun          foliage.
Hosta species                    3 30" X 18"  Colorful leaves with tall stalks of
  Hosta                       Med. Shade-Part   lavender flowers. Bait for slugs.
Leucanthemum x superbum          4 2-4' X 2'  Large white single or double
  Shasta Daisy                Med. Sun-Part     flowers May to October. Good cut.
Liatris spicata                  3 2' X 1'    Narrow plume of fluffy rose-purple
  Spike Gayfeather            Low  Sun          flowers July-Sept. Excellent cut.
Limonium latifolium              4 2' X 18"   White and blue or pink flowers from
  Sea Lavender                Low  Sun          May to July. Needs good drainage.
Linum lewisii                  5-8 15" X 12"  Native. Delicate blue flowers on
  Blue Flax                   Low  Sun          slender stalks. Drought tolerant. FR
Linum perenne                  5-8 18" X 12"  Profuse light blue flowers May to
  Perennial blue flax         Low  Sun          September. Fern-like leaves.      FR
Lupinus hybrid                 4-6 30" X 18"  Stately flower spikes up to 1' from
  Hybrid Lupine               Med. Sun          June to August. Good cut flowers. FR
Monarda didyma                   4 2' X 18"   White, scarlet, or purple flowers
  Bee balm, Bergamot          Med. Sun          June-August attract hummingbirds.
Nepeta racemosa                4-8 2' X 2'    Lavender blue flowers April-Sept.
  Catmint                     Low  Sun-Part     Walker's Low is seedless.
Parahebe perfoliata              7 2' X 3'    Evergreen. Bluish-gray foliage.
  Digger's Speedwell          Med. Sun-Part     Blue-violet flowers May-August.
Penstemon hybrid               5-8 2' X 2'    Soft pink to deep purple flowers
  Penstemon, Beard Tongue     Low  Sun          June-Sep. Attracts hummingbirds. FR
Phlox paniculata                 4 2' X 2'    Many colors available, some with a
  Summer Phlox                Any  Sun          contrasting eye.
Polemonium caeruleum             4 2' X 1'    Clusters of sky blue flowers above
  Jacob's Ladder              High Sun-Shade    ladder-like leaves June to August
Rudbeckia hirta                  3 30" X 2'   Large yellow flowers with brown
  Black Eyed Susan            Med. Sun          center from June to October.
Santolina chamaecyparissus       7 18" X 2'   Silvery-gray, finely divided leaves
  Lavender Cotton             Low  Sun          are fragrant when crushed.
Scabiosa columbaria              5 18" X 18"  Blue, pink or white flowers June to
  Pincushion                  Low  Sun-Part     frost. Good cut or dried.
Solidago species                 5 2' X 18"   Large clusters of golden yellow
  Goldenrod                   Med. Sun-Part     flowers July to October.
Stokesia laevis                  5 18" X 18"  Aster-like flowers of blue, violet,
  Stokes Aster                Med. Sun          or white in June to September.
Syneilesis palmata               5 18" X 18"  Umbrella of finely divided leaves.
  Shredded Umbrella Plant     Low  Shade-Part   Light pink flowers in June-July.
Tanacetum coccineum              5 30" x 18"  Pink to red daisies in June-July.
  Painted Daisy               Med. Sun          Natural insecticide.
Tradescantia virginiana          3 18" X 18"  Arching branches with white or blue
  Spiderwort                  High Part Shade   flowers in summer.
Veronica species               3-8 2' X 1'    Deep blue or red flower spikes.
  Speedwell                   Med. Sun-Part     'Red Fox' is good for cut flowers FR

Tall Summer Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Acanthus mollis                  6 3' X 3'    Large, shiny green leaves. Spike
  Grecian Pattern Plant       Med. Sun-Part     of lilac or rose flowers in June.
Achillea species               4-8 3' X 2'    Yellow or pastel flowers heads in
  Yarrow                      Low  Sun-part     June-Sept. Good cut or dried.   FR
Aconitum napellus                3 4' X 18"   Blue or soft pink helmet-shaped
  Monkshood                   High Sun-Part     flowers July-August. Poisonous.
Alcea rosea                      3 5' X 2'    Biennial. Old fashioned favorite
  Hollyhock                   Med. Sun          now in many colors July-August.
Allium giganteum                 4 5' X 1'    Bulb. Ball-like clusters of lilac
  Giant Allium                Med. Sun          flowers in July.
Baptisia australis               4 3' X 4'    Spikes of small indigo blue flowers
  False Indigo                Low  Sun          in summer. Attractive seeds.
Brugmansia species (Datura)      8 3-8'X 3-8' Tender perennial needs protection.
  Angel's Trumpet             Med. Sun-Shade    Large, fragrant white flowers.
Canna species                    7 3-6' X 2'  Tall stalk with large leaves and
  Canna                       Med. Sun          many colored flowers.
Centranthus ruber                4 3' X 18"   Rosy red flowers from June to Sept.
  Jupiter's Beard             Low  Sun-Part     Good cut flowers. Needs drainage.
Cimicifuga racemosa              4 6' X 3'    Spikes of white flowers from July
  Bugbane, Black Cohosh       High Shade-Part   to Oct. Seed clusters good dried.
Crocosmia crocosmiliflora        4 3' X 18"   Strings of orange-crimson flowers
  Montbretia                  Low  Sun          in July and August. Good cut.
Cynara cardunculus               7 5' X 4'    Large, toothed silvery leaves. Blue
  Cardoon                     Med. Sun          violet flowers July-September.
Dahlia hybrids                   8 2-6'X 2-4' Tuber. Many colors and forms. Dig
  Dahlia                      Med. Sun-Part     or cover with mulch in the Fall.
Echinacea purpurea             3-8 2' X 3'    Showy flowers of drooping purple
  Purple Coneflower           Med. Sun-Part     petals in summer.                 FR
Echinops exaltatus               4 3' X 1'    Coarse, prickly, gray-green leaves.
  Globe thistle               Med. Sun          Steel blue flowers July to Sept.
Eupatorium maculatum             4 5' X 3'    Narrow leaves with showy chartreuse
  Joe Pye Weed                Med. Sun-Part     bracts. Blooms from July to Sept.
Fern, Athyrium filix-femina      4 2' X 2'    Fine double cut leaves arch up and
  Lady Fern                   Med. Shade        out.                          PPL
Fern, Matteuccia struthiopteris  4 3' X 2'    Tall deciduous fronds with shorter
  Ostrich Fern                High Shade-Part   evergreen fronds.
Fern, Osmunda cinnamomea         4 4' X 3'    Long bluish-green and reddish-brown
  Cinnamon Fern               High Shade        fronds emerge in spring.
Fern, Osmunda regalis            4 4' X 4'    Large, handsome fronds die down in
  Royal Fern                  High Shade        winter.
Filipendula palmata              4 3' X 2'    Tiny pink flowers in tall umbels,
  Siberian Meadowsweet        Med. Sun-Shade    June to August. Good cut.
Grass, Stipa gigantea            6 6' X 6'    Clumps of 3' leaves with 6' tall
  Giant Feather Grass         Med. Sun          and wide yellowish seed heads.
Gunnera manicata                 7 8' X 6'    Huge leaves with prominent veins.
  Dinosaur Plant              High Part shade   Tiny red fruit. Needs rich soil.
Gypsophila paniculata            4 3' X 3'    Tiny pink flowers on branched stems
  Baby's Breath               Med. Sun          July to October. Good cut.
Helenium autumnale               4 3' X 3'    Daisy-like flowers of red, yellow,
  Sneezeweed                  Low  Sun          copper Summer to early fall.
Helianthus species               4 5' X 2'    Tall stalk with yellow flowers from
  Sunflower                   High Sun          July to September. Good cut.
Heliopsis helianthoides          3 3' X 3'    Deciduous. Large yellow flowers in
  Ox Eye                      High Sun          summer. Needs well drained soil.
Heliotropium arborescens         9 4' X 4'    Tender perennial. Very fragrant
  Heliotrope                  High Sun-Part     blue flowers in summer.
Hemerocallis hybrids           3-9 3' X 2'    Yellow orange bronze red or white
  Daylily                     Med. Sun          flowers May to October. Easy care FR
Hibiscus moscheutos              4 5' X 5'    8" red, pink, rose or white flowers
  Rose Mallow                 Med. Sun          from June until frost.
Kirengeshoma palmata             4 4' X 3'    Palmate leaves with yellow flowers
  Yellow Waxbells             Med. Shade-Part   in August.
Kniphofia uvaria               4-9 3' X 2'    Spikes of orange-red flowers June
  Red Hot Poker               Low  Sun          to August. Attracts hummingbirds. FR
Lavandula species              4-8 3' X 3'    Evergreen. Gray leaves with fra-
  Lavender                    Low  Sun          grant lavender flowers July-Aug.  FR
Lavatera thuringiaca             6 5' X 5'    Evergreen. Hollyhock like pink
  Tree Mallow                 Low  Sun          flowers all summer.
Ligularia dentata                4 3' X 30"   Large heart-shaped red leaves with
  Golden Ray                  Med. Shade-Part   yellow flowers August to Sept.
Lilium orientalis hybrids        4 3' X 18"   Many colors of very fragrant
  Asian Lily                  Med. Sun          flowers in late summer. Good cut. FR
Linaria purpurea                   3' X 1'    Purple snapdragon-like flowers all
  Toadflax                    Med. Sun          summer and fall.
Lobelia cardinalis               5 3' X 1'    Flame red flowers in June-July at-
  Cardinal Flower             Med. Sun          tract hummingbirds & butterflies.
Meconopsis betonicifolia         4 3' X 18"   Sky blue poppies on a tall leafy
  Himalayan Blue Poppy        Med. Shade-Part   stem in June to July.
Nepeta faassenii                 4 3' X 2'    Violet blue flowers above blue-gray
  Catmint                     Low  Sun-Part     leaves July to September.
Papaver orientalis             3-7 3' X 18"   Large hairy divided leaves. 3-6"
  Oriental Poppy              Low  Sun-Part     flowers in May to June.           FR
Perovskia atriplicifolia         5 4' X 3'    Gray-green leaves. Violet blue
  Russian Sage                Low  Sun          flower spikes July to Sept.
Phlomis fruticosa                6 4' X 3'    Silver-gray leaves. Yellow flowers
  Jerusalem Sage              Low  Sun          attract bees and butterflies.
Phormium tenax                   8 2-5' X 8'  Dramatic clumps of strap-like leaves
  New Zealand Flax            Any  Sun-Part     with red flowers. Salt tolerant.
Phygelius capensis               7 3' X 3'    Red, coral, pink or yellow tubular
  Cape Fuchsia                Low  Sun-Shade    flowers all summer.
Physostegia virginiana           3 3' X 2'    Tall spikes of pink or white flow-
  Obedient Plant              Med. Sun-Part     ers in late summer.
Platycodon grandiflorus          4 3' X 2'    Balloon-like buds open to blue pink
  Baloon Flower               Med. Part Shade   or white flowers June to August.
Plumbago auriculata              9 5' X 8'    Semi-evergreen. White to blue
  Cape Plumbago               Low  Sun          flowers April until frost.
Ratibida pinnata               4-9 4' X 2'    Yellow ray flowers with brown cent-
  Prairie Coneflower          Med. Sun          ers.                              FR
Romneya coulteri                 4 6' X 3'    Fragrant large white flowers May
  Matilija Poppy              Low  Sun          to July. Good cut flowers.
Senecio greyi                    8 3' X 3'    Evergreen. Silvery leaves with
  Daisy Bush                  Low  Sun          yellow daisy flowers in summer.
Sidalcea malviflora              6 3' X 2'    Pink or red flowers resemble holly-
  Checkerbloom                Med. Sun-Part     hocks. Attracts hummingbirds.
Verbascum bombyciferum         5-9 5' X 18"   Biennial. White wooly leaves with
  Giant Silver Mullein        Low  Full Sun     yellow flowers in summer.
Verbascum species              5-9 3' X 1'    White woolly leaves. Yellow or
  Mullein                     Low  Sun-Part     purple flowers in summer.
Xerophyllum tenax                3 5' X 3"    Native evergreen. Grass like leaves
  Beargrass                   Low  Sun-Part     and creamy plume flowers.

Low Fall Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Colchicum autumnale              5 6" X 4"    Bulb. Leaves in the spring.
  Autumn Crocus               Low  Sun          Lilac flowers in the fall.
Cyclamen hederifolium            6 4" X 1'    Leaves marbled silver and white.
  Hardy Cyclamen              Med. Sun-Part     White or pink flowers August-Oct.
Osteospermum barberae            4 12" X 18"  Purple flowers from fall to spring.
  African Daisy               Med. Sun          Needs good drainage.

Medium Fall Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Amaryllis belladona              6 2' X 1'    Fragrant pink trumpet flowers on
  Naked Lady                  Low  Sun-Part     naked stalks after leaves die.
Anemone huphensis                5 2' X 15"   Purple to white flowers in fall.
  Japanese Anemone            Med. Sun-Part     Excellent for cut flowers.
Aster species                    4 18" X 1'   Daisy flowers in many colors bloom
  Asters                      Med. Sun          August to frost. Good cut.
Chrysanthemum morifolium         4 2' X 3'    Many colors and styles of flowers
  Garden Chrysanthemum        Med. Sun          August to frost. Good cut.
Schizostylis coccinea            7 2' X 2'    Cup-shaped red to pink flowers over
  Kaffir Lily                 Med. Sun-Part     iris-like leaves in fall.
Sedum species                    4 18" X 15"  Succulent leaves with large pink,
  Fall Sedum                  Low  Sun-Part     red, or orange flowers in fall.

Tall Fall Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Boltonia asteroides              4 4' X 3'    Thousands of white or pink daisies
  False Starwort              Low  Sun          in August to October.
Chelone species                  5 3' X 2'    Unusual white pink or red flowers
  Turtlehead                  High Sun-Part     resemble a turtle's head.
Grass, Calamagrostis acutiflora  4 4' X 3'    Tall grass with feathery tops.
  Feather Grass               Med. Sun          Golden yellow in the fall.
Grass, Cortaderia sell. 'Pumila' 5 5' X 6'    Large clump of grass with white or
  Ivory Feathers Pampas Gr    Any  Sun-Part     pink plumes in fall.
Grass, Miscanthus sinensis       5 5' X 4'    Tall, graceful grass. Tan or brown
  Japanese Maiden Grass       Med. Sun-Shade    in winter.
Grass, Molinea caerulea          4 5' X 4'    Dark green grass. Turns yellow in
  Moor Grass                  Med. Sun          fall.
Grass, Panicum virgatum          4 4' X 3'    Blue to red blades in summer. Airy
  Switch Grass                Med. Sun          seed heads in fall.
Grass, Pennisetum alopecuroides  5 3' X 3'    Dense, rounded clump topped with
  Fountain Grass              Low  Sun-Part     purple flower stalks. Likes dry.
Grass, Pennisetum seta. 'Rubrum' 6 4' X 3'    Dense, rounded clump topped with 
  Purple Fountain Grass       Low  Sun-Part     purple flower stalks. Likes dry.
Typha latifolia                  4 6' X 4'    Native bog plant. Makes thick
  Cattails                    High Sun          clumps in moist soil.         PPL

Low Winter Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Grass, Bouteloua gracilis     3-10 18" X 18"  Interesting seed heads last all
  Blue Gramma                 Low  Sun          winter. Attracts birds.
Primula species                  5 6" X 6"    Hardy flowers in late winter in
  Primroses                   High Sun-Part     many colors. Needs good drainage.
Viola wittrockiana               5 6" X 6"    Winter pansies in many colors can
  Pansy                       Med. Sun-Shade    bloom all year in part shade.

Medium Winter

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Helleborus niger                 4 18" X 1'   Leathery dark green leaves. White 
  Christmas Rose              High Shade-Part   flowers turn purplish. Dec-April.
Helleborus foetidus              4 18" X 1'   Evergreen. Lacy light green leaves.
  Bear's Foot Hellebore       High Shade-Part   Pale green flowers Jan-Apr.

Low All Year Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Fern, Polystichum setiferum      6 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Low spreading, finely
  Alaskan Fern                Med. Shade-Part   cut fronds.
Grass, Carex morrowii expallida  5 12" X 18"  Drooping leaves striped with white.
  Variegated Japane. Sedge    High Sun-Part     Prefers moist soil.
Grass, Festuca ovina 'Glauca'    4 10" X 10"  Evergreen. Low clumps of fine blue
  Blue Fescue Grass           Low  Sun-Part     grass. Needs good drainage.
Grass, Scirpus cernuus           8 8" X 8"    Drooping green threadlike leaves
  Fiber Optic Grass           High Part Shade   with brown tip. Good in pots.
Herniaria glabra                 5 2" X 1'    Tiny green leaves turn bronzy in
  Green Carpet                Med. Sun-Shade    winter. Good groundcover.
Mentha requienii                 5 1" X 1'    Evergreen. Very low. Very fragrant
  Corsican Mint               High Shade-Part   when bruised or crushed.
Raoulia australis                7 3" X 1'    Evergreen groundcover. Tiny gray
  Raoulia                     Med. Sun          leaves. Needs perfect drainage.
Rubus calycinoides               6 6" X 3'    Evergreen groundcover. Small white
  Creeping Raspberry          Low  Sun-Part     flowers. Edible fruit.
Scaevola aemula                  9 6" X 3'    Evergreen. Lavender blue flowers
  Fan Flowers                 Med. Sun          almost all year. Good groundcover.
Selaginella kraussiana           7 2" X 1'    Evergreen. Dense mat with great
  Spikemoss                   High Part Shade   color in shade gardens.
Soleirolia soleirolii            7 1" X 1'    Evergreen. Dense mat. Tolerates
  Baby Tears                  Med. Shade        foot traffic.
Tolmiea menziesii                7 15" X 2'   Native groundcover. Tiny reddish
  Piggyback Plant             High Shade-Part   flowers.                      PPL

Medium All Year Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Aspidistra elatior               7 18" X 3'   Evergreen. Strap like leaves.
  Cast Iron Plant             Med. Shade        Tolerates deep shade. Very tough.
Asplenium scolopendrium          6 18" X 15"  Native evergreen. Strap-like fronds
  Hart's Tongue Fern          Med. Shade-Part   with wavy edges.
Fern, Cyrtomium falcatum         8 2' X 2'    Evergreen, but tender at 25 degrees
  Holly Fern                  High Shade-Part   Does well indoors.
Fern, Polystichum munitum        6 3' X 3'    Native evergreen. Excellent for
  Western Sword Fern          Low  Shade        woodsy area. Tolerates dry.   PPL
Fern, Polystichum polyblepharum  6 2' X 2'    Evergreen. Fronds unfurl backwards
  Tassel Fern                 High Shade-Part   creating a tassel.
Grass, Carex tumulicola          8 18" X 18"  Native evergreen grass. Tuft of
  Berkeley Sedge              Med. Sun-Part     narrow green leaves.          PPL
Grass, Juncus effusus            5 2' X 2'    Native evergreen. Tolerates wet
  Soft Rush                   High Sun-Part     soil. J. e. Spiralis is twisted.

Tall All Year Perennials

Scientific name          USDA Zone Height X Width      Description
  Common name                Water Exposure
Fern, Dicksonia antarctica       9 12' X 15'  Evergreen. 6' arching fronds.
  Tasmanian Tree Fern         High Shade        Protect from frost.

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